How to format your references using the Human Resource Development International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Resource Development International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, Neil. 2012. “Materials Science: Super Carbon.” Nature 483 (7389): S30-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Narbonne, Patrick, and Richard Roy. 2009. “Caenorhabditis Elegans Dauers Need LKB1/AMPK to Ration Lipid Reserves and Ensure Long-Term Survival.” Nature 457 (7226): 210–214.
A journal article with 3 authors
McGuire, S. E., P. T. Le, and R. L. Davis. 2001. “The Role of Drosophila Mushroom Body Signaling in Olfactory Memory.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5533): 1330–1333.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Green, Rhys E., Stephen J. Cornell, Jörn P. W. Scharlemann, and Andrew Balmford. 2005. “Farming and the Fate of Wild Nature.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5709): 550–555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thatcher, Adrian. 2011. God, Sex, and Gender. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Grab, Stefan, and Jasper Knight, eds. 2015. Landscapes and Landforms of South Africa. World Geomorphological Landscapes. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Harris, Frank E. 2009. “Energy Computation for Exponentially Correlated Four-Body Wavefunctions.” In Advances in the Theory of Atomic and Molecular Systems: Conceptual and Computational Advances in Quantum Chemistry, edited by Piotr Piecuch, Jean Maruani, Gerardo Delgado-Barrio, and Stephen Wilson, 61–70. Progress in Theoretical Chemistry and Physics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Resource Development International.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “This Is The Submarine NASA’s Wants To Use To Explore Titan.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Survey of Metropolitan Planning Organizations (GAO-09-867SP, September 2009), an E-Supplement to GAO-09-868. GAO-09-867SP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez Gamez, Liz Ileana. 2012. “New Perspectives on the Spatial Analysis of Urban Employment Distribution and Commuting Patterns: The Cases of Hermosillo and Ciudad Obregon, Mexico.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2008. “After a 32-Year Journey, Justice Stevens Renounces Capital Punishment.” New York Times, April 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Savage 2012; Narbonne and Roy 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Narbonne and Roy 2009)
  • Three authors: (McGuire, Le, and Davis 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Green et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Resource Development International
AbbreviationHum. Resour. Dev. Int.
ISSN (print)1367-8868
ISSN (online)1469-8374
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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