How to format your references using the Human Resource Development International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Resource Development International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Telford, Maximilian J. 2013. “Evolution. The Animal Tree of Life.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 339 (6121): 764–766.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lin, Yuan, and Zhongzhi Zhang. 2014. “Controlling the Efficiency of Trapping in a Scale-Free Small-World Network.” Scientific Reports 4 (September): 6274.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dewar, James M., Magda Budzowska, and Johannes C. Walter. 2015. “The Mechanism of DNA Replication Termination in Vertebrates.” Nature 525 (7569): 345–350.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lin, Shi-Hsin, M. V. Milošević, L. Covaci, B. Jankó, and F. M. Peeters. 2014. “Quantum Rotor in Nanostructured Superconductors.” Scientific Reports 4 (April): 4542.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guyader, Jean-Louis. 2013. Vibration in Continuous Media. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schubert, Hiltmar, and Andrey Kuznetsov, eds. 2008. Detection of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Agents in Connection with Terrorism. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Carlson, Grant W., Francesca De Lorenzi, Mario Rietjens, Andrea Manconi, Daniela Hoch, Heike Benditte-Klepetko, Rolf Bartsch, et al. 2010. “OPS and Mastectomy.” In Oncoplastic Breast Surgery: A Guide to Clinical Practice, edited by Florian Fitzal and Peter Schrenk, 133–192. Vienna: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Resource Development International.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “New Type Of Computer Capable Of Calculating 640TBs Of Data In One Billionth Of A Second, Could Revolutionize Computing.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Global Positioning System Augmentations. RCED-96-74R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, Eboni I. 2009. “Caregiver Wellness: An Inquiry of Health Risks among Frontline Direct Caregivers of the Elderly and Disabled.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2001. “Challenging Coffee in Manhattan, and Taking a Lump or 2.” New York Times, August 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Telford 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Telford 2013; Lin and Zhang 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lin and Zhang 2014)
  • Three authors: (Dewar, Budzowska, and Walter 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Resource Development International
AbbreviationHum. Resour. Dev. Int.
ISSN (print)1367-8868
ISSN (online)1469-8374
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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