How to format your references using the Human Resource Development International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Resource Development International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
White, Tim D. 2007. “Obituary: F. Clark Howell (1925-2007).” Nature 447 (7140): 52.
A journal article with 2 authors
Humphries, M. J., and A. P. Mould. 2001. “Structure. An Anthropomorphic Integrin.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5541): 316–317.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baker, Philip J., Stephen Harris, and Charlotte C. Webbon. 2002. “Effect of British Hunting Ban on Fox Numbers.” Nature 419 (6902): 34.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Basu, Tathamay, Kartik K. Iyer, Kiran Singh, and E. V. Sampathkumaran. 2013. “Novel Dielectric Anomalies Due to Spin-Chains above and below Néel Temperature in Ca3Co2O6.” Scientific Reports 3 (October): 3104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riegel, Max, Dirk Kroeselberg, Aik Chindapol, and Domagoj Premec. 2009. Deploying Mobile WiMAX. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tortajada, Cecilia, Dogan Altinbilek, and Asit K. Biswas, eds. 2012. Impacts of Large Dams: A Global Assessment. Water Resources Development and Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lombardini, Leonardo. 2006. “ECOPHYSIOLOGY OF PLANTS IN DRY ENVIRONMENTS.” In Dryland Ecohydrology, edited by Paolo D’Odorico and Amilcare Porporato, 47–65. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Resource Development International.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. “Here’s How The World’s Surface Water Has Shifted In The Last 30 Years.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Airspace Use: Status of Proposals To Expand Special Use Airspace in North Carolina. RCED-88-133FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lyngarkos, Barbara. 2015. “Examination of the Relative Importance of Website Elements for Users of Manufacturers Representative Websites.” Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Van Gelder, Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by Lawrence. 2005. “Arts, Briefly; Can They Make Book on Dostoyevsky?” New York Times, March 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (White 2007).
This sentence cites two references (White 2007; Humphries and Mould 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Humphries and Mould 2001)
  • Three authors: (Baker, Harris, and Webbon 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Basu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Resource Development International
AbbreviationHum. Resour. Dev. Int.
ISSN (print)1367-8868
ISSN (online)1469-8374
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

Other styles