How to format your references using the Human Resource Development International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Resource Development International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, Qiang. 2015. “China’s Scientists Must Engage the Public on GM.” Nature 519 (7541): 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schappacher, Michel, and Alain Deffieux. 2008. “Synthesis of Macrocyclic Copolymer Brushes and Their Self-Assembly into Supramolecular Tubes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5869): 1512–1515.
A journal article with 3 authors
de la Mare, William, Nick Gales, and Marc Mangel. 2014. “Science and Law. Applying Scientific Principles in International Law on Whaling.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 345 (6201): 1125–1126.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ji, Dengxin, Haomin Song, Xie Zeng, Haifeng Hu, Kai Liu, Nan Zhang, and Qiaoqiang Gan. 2014. “Broadband Absorption Engineering of Hyperbolic Metafilm Patterns.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heywood, John. 2005. Engineering Education. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ytrehus, Øyvind, ed. 2006. Coding and Cryptography: International Workshop, WCC 2005, Bergen, Norway, March 14-18, 2005. Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 3969. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Klen, Edmilson Rampazzo. 2009. “Co-Creation and Co-Innovation in a Collaborative Networked Environment.” In Leveraging Knowledge for Innovation in Collaborative Networks: 10th IFIP WG 5.5 Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, PRO-VE 2009, Thessaloniki, Greece, October 7-9, 2009. Proceedings, edited by Luis M. Camarinha-Matos, Iraklis Paraskakis, and Hamideh Afsarmanesh, 33–40. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Resource Development International.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “There Are Now Just Four Northern White Rhinos Left On Earth.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Voluntary Consensus Standards: Agencies’ Compliance With the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act. T-RCED-00-122. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salinsky, John L. 2012. “Local Disaster Preparedness for the Disabled Population: Are We Ready?” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, John. 2017. “Book to Examine Trump-Russia Ties.” New York Times, September 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Wang 2015; Schappacher and Deffieux 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schappacher and Deffieux 2008)
  • Three authors: (de la Mare, Gales, and Mangel 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ji et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Resource Development International
AbbreviationHum. Resour. Dev. Int.
ISSN (print)1367-8868
ISSN (online)1469-8374
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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