How to format your references using the Human Resource Development International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Resource Development International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moynihan, Donald. 2013. “A Central Agency Is Crucial for Disaster Response.” Nature 495 (7439): 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palleroni, Alberto, and Marc Hauser. 2003. “Experience-Dependent Plasticity for Auditory Processing in a Raptor.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5610): 1195.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mellor, Jack, Roger A. Nicoll, and Dietmar Schmitz. 2002. “Mediation of Hippocampal Mossy Fiber Long-Term Potentiation by Presynaptic Ih Channels.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5552): 143–147.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sakaguchi, Hiroshi, Hisashi Matsumura, Hui Gong, and Abdelkarim M. Abouelwafa. 2005. “Direct Visualization of the Formation of Single-Molecule Conjugated Copolymers.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5750): 1002–1006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chateigner, Daniel. 2013. Combined Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Müller, Henning, Hayit Greenspan, and Tanveer Syeda-Mahmood, eds. 2012. Medical Content-Based Retrieval for Clinical Decision Support: Second MICCAI International Workshop, MCBR-CDS 2011, Toronto, ON, Canada, September 22, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 7075. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Blackstone, Robin P. 2015. “The History of the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery.” In The ASMBS Textbook of Bariatric Surgery: Volume 1: Bariatric Surgery, edited by Ninh T. Nguyen, Robin P. Blackstone, John M. Morton, Jaime Ponce, and Raul J. Rosenthal, 47–59. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Resource Development International.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Why Haven’t We Encountered Aliens yet? The Answer Could Be Climate Change.” IFLScience. IFLScience.’t-we-encountered-aliens-yet-answer-could-be-climate-change/.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. Expenditures for Public Affairs Activities. B-161939. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nellenbach, Kristin Marie. 2010. “Contributions of Oral Language, Problem-Solving, and Reading Attitudes to Young Adolescents’ Silent Reading Comprehension.” Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2006. “A Fish Shack With a Secret (It’s the Batter).” New York Times, March 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moynihan 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Moynihan 2013; Palleroni and Hauser 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palleroni and Hauser 2003)
  • Three authors: (Mellor, Nicoll, and Schmitz 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Sakaguchi et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Resource Development International
AbbreviationHum. Resour. Dev. Int.
ISSN (print)1367-8868
ISSN (online)1469-8374
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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