How to format your references using the Human Resource Development International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Resource Development International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kenyon, Scott J. 2015. “Astronomy: Pluto Leads the Way in Planet Formation.” Nature 522 (7554): 40–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
von Zastrow, M., and K. Mostov. 2001. “Signal Transduction. A New Thread in an Intricate Web.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5548): 1845–1847.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weiner, S., I. Sagi, and L. Addadi. 2005. “Structural Biology. Choosing the Crystallization Path Less Traveled.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5737): 1027–1028.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Atabaki, Amir H., Sajjad Moazeni, Fabio Pavanello, Hayk Gevorgyan, Jelena Notaros, Luca Alloatti, Mark T. Wade, et al. 2018. “Publisher Correction: Integrating Photonics with Silicon Nanoelectronics for the next Generation of Systems on a Chip.” Nature 560 (7716): E4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ng, Rick. 2005. Drugs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gao, Yuan, Hanlin Lu, Shinnosuke Seki, and Sheng Yu, eds. 2010. Developments in Language Theory: 14th International Conference, DLT 2010, London, ON, Canada, August 17-20, 2010. Proceedings. Vol. 6224. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Alwi, Halim, Christopher Edwards, and Chee Pin Tan. 2011. “Robust Fault Reconstruction Using Observers in Cascade.” In Fault Detection and Fault-Tolerant Control Using Sliding Modes, edited by Christopher Edwards and Chee Pin Tan, 99–127. Advances in Industrial Control. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Resource Development International.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2017. “Gluten-Destroying Drug Succeeds In Early Trial.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Biotechnology: Managing the Risks of Field Testing Genetically Engineered Organisms. RCED-88-27. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Astorga, Jacquie. 2012. “Mentoring Program for Emancipated Foster Youth: A Grant Proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky. 2002. “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Top General In Chechnya Is Fired.” New York Times, December 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kenyon 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kenyon 2015; von Zastrow and Mostov 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (von Zastrow and Mostov 2001)
  • Three authors: (Weiner, Sagi, and Addadi 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Atabaki et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Resource Development International
AbbreviationHum. Resour. Dev. Int.
ISSN (print)1367-8868
ISSN (online)1469-8374
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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