How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Andrian, U.H., 2002. Immunology. T cell activation in six dimensions. Science 296, 1815–1817.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, M.J., Dixson, A.F., 2002. Sperm competition: motility and the midpiece in primates. Nature 416, 496.
A journal article with 3 authors
Trillo, S., Gongora, J.S.T., Fratalocchi, A., 2014. Wave instabilities in the presence of non vanishing background in nonlinear Schrödinger systems. Sci. Rep. 4, 7285.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Miguel, M.C., Vespignani, A., Zapperi, S., Weiss, J., Grasso, J.R., 2001. Intermittent dislocation flow in viscoplastic deformation. Nature 410, 667–671.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hansen, S., Pedersen-Bjergaard, S., Rasmussen, K., 2011. Introduction to Pharmaceutical Chemical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Itenberg, I., 2007. Tropical Algebraic Geometry, Oberwolfach Seminars. Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Putora, P.M., Peters, S., Bovet, M., 2015. Informatics in Radiation Oncology, in: El Naqa, I., Li, R., Murphy, M.J. (Eds.), Machine Learning in Radiation Oncology: Theory and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How Neurosurgeons Can Now Look At Your Brain Through Your Eyes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Bilingual Education: A Necessity That Has Not Been Satisfied (No. HRD-76-25). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ku, Y., 2010. Dealing with historical issues in Japan and Germany: Ruling coalitions, transnational activism, and conservative reaction (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2008. No Ruling Means No Change For Fantasy Baseball Leagues. New York Times D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (von Andrian, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson and Dixson, 2002; von Andrian, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Dixson, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Miguel et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences
ISSN (print)1018-3639
ScopeGeneral Engineering

Other styles