How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D., 2002. Prion data suggest BSE link to sporadic CJD. Nature 420, 450.
A journal article with 2 authors
Caughey, B., Baron, G.S., 2006. Prions and their partners in crime. Nature 443, 803–810.
A journal article with 3 authors
Purdy, T.P., Peterson, R.W., Regal, C.A., 2013. Observation of radiation pressure shot noise on a macroscopic object. Science 339, 801–804.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Iwata, N., Tsubuki, S., Takaki, Y., Shirotani, K., Lu, B., Gerard, N.P., Gerard, C., Hama, E., Lee, H.J., Saido, T.C., 2001. Metabolic regulation of brain Abeta by neprilysin. Science 292, 1550–1552.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yin, G., 2011. Clinical Trial Design: Bayesian and Frequentist Adaptive Methods, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Diamantopoulos, A., Fritz, W., Hildebrandt, L. (Eds.), 2012. Quantitative Marketing and Marketing Management: Marketing Models and Methods in Theory and Practice. Gabler Verlag, Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Al-Rawi, M.S., Cunha, J.P.S., 2012. Using Permutation Tests to Study How the Dimensionality, the Number of Classes, and the Number of Samples Affect Classification Analysis, in: Campilho, A., Kamel, M. (Eds.), Image Analysis and Recognition: 9th International Conference, ICIAR 2012, Aveiro, Portugal, June 25-27, 2012. Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 34–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Terminator-Style 3D Printer Materializes Objects From Pools Of Liquid [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Women’s Educational Equity Act: A Review of Program Goals and Strategies Needed (No. PEMD-95-6). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mukherjee, N., 2003. Development of High Sensitivity Bending Mode Polymer Piezoelectric Devices for Inner Ear Implantation (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kingman, K., 2007. Needle and Thread and the Chinatown Night. New York Times 14CY3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Butler, 2002; Caughey and Baron, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Caughey and Baron, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Iwata et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences
ISSN (print)1018-3639
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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