How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leonhardt, U., 2002. A laboratory analogue of the event horizon using slow light in an atomic medium. Nature 415, 406–409.
A journal article with 2 authors
Metrangolo, P., Resnati, G., 2008. Chemistry. Halogen versus hydrogen. Science 321, 918–919.
A journal article with 3 authors
Béarez, P., DeVries, T.J., Ortlieb, L., 2003. Comment on “Otolith delta18O record of mid-Holocene sea surface temperatures in Peru.” Science 299, 203; author reply 203.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Noubissi, F.K., Elcheva, I., Bhatia, N., Shakoori, A., Ougolkov, A., Liu, J., Minamoto, T., Ross, J., Fuchs, S.Y., Spiegelman, V.S., 2006. CRD-BP mediates stabilization of betaTrCP1 and c-myc mRNA in response to beta-catenin signalling. Nature 441, 898–901.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cahill, T.H., 2012. Low Impact Development and Sustainable Stormwater Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Singh, A. (Ed.), 2013. Indian Diaspora: Voices of Grandparents and Grandparenting, Transgressions, Cultural Studies and Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Calhoun, J.D., Isom, L.L., 2014. The Role of Non-pore-Forming β Subunits in Physiology and Pathophysiology of Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels, in: Ruben, P.C. (Ed.), Voltage Gated Sodium Channels, Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 51–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Oceans Are Becoming Too Hot For Coral, And Sooner Than We Expected [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Physical Infrastructure: Challenges and Investment Options for the Nation’s Infrastructure (No. GAO-08-763T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Phillips, T.L., 2012. “Outsider Within” Narratives of Diversity Leadership: An Exploratory Case Study of Executive Women of Color (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., 2016. Edmonton’s Abuzz? Think Prodigy. New York Times B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leonhardt, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Leonhardt, 2002; Metrangolo and Resnati, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Metrangolo and Resnati, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Noubissi et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences
ISSN (print)1018-3639
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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