How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gwynne, P., 2013. Microbiology: There’s gold in them there bugs. Nature 495, S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hirose, T., Horvitz, H.R., 2013. An Sp1 transcription factor coordinates caspase-dependent and -independent apoptotic pathways. Nature 500, 354–358.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blois, J.L., McGuire, J.L., Hadly, E.A., 2010. Small mammal diversity loss in response to late-Pleistocene climatic change. Nature 465, 771–774.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jiang, Y., Chen, Z., Han, Y., Deb, P., Gao, H., Xie, S., Purohit, P., Tate, M.W., Park, J., Gruner, S.M., Elser, V., Muller, D.A., 2018. Electron ptychography of 2D materials to deep sub-ångström resolution. Nature 559, 343–349.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvapulle, M.J., Sen, P.K., 2001. Constrained Statistical Inference: Inequality, Order, and Shape Restrictions, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kelly, R., 2005. Control of Robot Manipulators in Joint Space, Advanced Textbooks in Control and Signal Processing. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Deng, Z., 2016. Public Enforcement of Antitrust Law in China: Perspective of Procedural Fairness, in: Jenny, F., Katsoulacos, Y. (Eds.), Competition Law Enforcement in the BRICS and in Developing Countries: Legal and Economic Aspects, International Law and Economics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 135–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. ‘Ardi’ skull shows link to humans, not modern apes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. Subcontract Estimate For E-2c Passive Detection Systems in Prime Contract With Grumman Aerospace Corporation (No. 093158). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tyler, E.P., 2013. Tectonic geomorphology of quaternary river terraces at Santa Cruz Creek, Santa Maria Basin, Santa Barbara County, California (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2003. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Soldier Kills 4 Comrades, Then Himself. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gwynne, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gwynne, 2013; Hirose and Horvitz, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hirose and Horvitz, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences
ISSN (print)1018-3639
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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