How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt, S., 2015. Prognosis: Proportionate response. Nature 528, S124-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fox, E.J., Loeb, L.A., 2014. Cancer: One cell at a time. Nature 512, 143–144.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bailor, M.H., Sun, X., Al-Hashimi, H.M., 2010. Topology links RNA secondary structure with global conformation, dynamics, and adaptation. Science 327, 202–206.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Spitzer, D., Risse, B., Schnell, F., Pichot, V., Klaumünzer, M., Schaefer, M.R., 2014. Continuous engineering of nano-cocrystals for medical and energetic applications. Sci. Rep. 4, 6575.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Filla, J.J., Brown, H.E., 2013. Prospect Research for Fundraisers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Park, Y., Adachi, F. (Eds.), 2007. Enhanced Radio Access Technologies for Next Generation Mobile Communication. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Chiorean, M., 2015. Capsule Endoscopy in the Evaluation of Crohn’s Disease, in: Rajesh, A., Sinha, R. (Eds.), Crohn’s Disease: Current Concepts. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 33–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How To Grow Your Own Bismuth Crystals [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Review of HEW Guidelines for Acquiring Automatic Data Processing Systems Under the Social Security Act (No. HRD-79-126). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Muehlhauser, C., 2017. Perceived Criticism, Self-Criticism, and Disordered Eating Patterns in College Students (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Film Series. New York Times C31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (DeWeerdt, 2015; Fox and Loeb, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fox and Loeb, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Spitzer et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences
ISSN (print)1018-3639
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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