How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Penrose, O., 2005. An asymmetric world. Nature 438, 919.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anfinrud, P., Schotte, F., 2005. Chemistry. X-ray fingerprinting of chemical intermediates in solution. Science 309, 1192–1193.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bosmans, F., Martin-Eauclaire, M.-F., Swartz, K.J., 2008. Deconstructing voltage sensor function and pharmacology in sodium channels. Nature 456, 202–208.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huber, D., Petreanu, L., Ghitani, N., Ranade, S., Hromádka, T., Mainen, Z., Svoboda, K., 2008. Sparse optical microstimulation in barrel cortex drives learned behaviour in freely moving mice. Nature 451, 61–64.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
André, É., Soulat, R., 2013. The Inverse Method. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Bogdan, B., 2007. Valuation in Life Sciences: A Practical Guide. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhattacharya, N., 2016. Intraamniotic Antigen and Disruption of Human Fetal Growth: A Study from 1978–2002 with Subsequent Follow Up, in: Bhattacharya, N., Stubblefield, P.G. (Eds.), Human Fetal Growth and Development: First and Second Trimesters. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 19–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Normal Skin Contains High Number Of Cancer-Linked Mutations [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Small Businesses and Innovation, Small Business Research Conference (No. 114641). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holbert, M., 2010. Knowledge is power (KIP): Kinship caregiver support group program curriculum (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B., McKINLEY, J.C., Jr, 2015. Connecticut Death Penalty Law Is Unconstitutional, Top State Court Says. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Penrose, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Anfinrud and Schotte, 2005; Penrose, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anfinrud and Schotte, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Huber et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences
ISSN (print)1018-3639
ScopeGeneral Engineering

Other styles