How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Errico, A., 2015. Judge by actions, not words. Nature 522, 393.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marande, W., Burger, G., 2007. Mitochondrial DNA as a genomic jigsaw puzzle. Science 318, 415.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sellman, B.R., Mourez, M., Collier, R.J., 2001. Dominant-negative mutants of a toxin subunit: an approach to therapy of anthrax. Science 292, 695–697.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nonaka, S., Shiratori, H., Saijoh, Y., Hamada, H., 2002. Determination of left-right patterning of the mouse embryo by artificial nodal flow. Nature 418, 96–99.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruske, W., 1971. Verlag Chemie 1921-1971. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Spagnoletti, P. (Ed.), 2013. Organizational Change and Information Systems: Working and Living Together in New Ways, Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Eyerer, P., Gettwert, V., Kauffman, A., Kroh, M., 2010. Processing (Primary Forming) of Plastics into Structural Components, in: Eyerer, P. (Ed.), Polymers - Opportunities and Risks I: General and Environmental Aspects, The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 167–286.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Ancient Artwork Depicts Collapse of Egypt’s Animal Communities [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration: Education and Outreach Programs Target Safety and Consumer Issues, but Gaps in Planning and Evaluation Remain (No. GAO-06-103). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, B.G., 2010. Mercury-containing species and carbon dioxide adsorption studies on inorganic compounds using density functional theory (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Etheredge, P. by G., 2016. Voyeur | 7 Train. New York Times RE15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Errico, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Errico, 2015; Marande and Burger, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marande and Burger, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Nonaka et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences
ISSN (print)1018-3639
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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