How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spurgeon, D., 2001. Farmer fined for growing GM seed. Nature 410, 615.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, E., Shilatifard, A., 2009. Developmental biology. Histone cross-talk in stem cells. Science 323, 221–222.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scatena, L.F., Brown, M.G., Richmond, G.L., 2001. Water at hydrophobic surfaces: weak hydrogen bonding and strong orientation effects. Science 292, 908–912.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zicha, D., Dobbie, I.M., Holt, M.R., Monypenny, J., Soong, D.Y.H., Gray, C., Dunn, G.A., 2003. Rapid actin transport during cell protrusion. Science 300, 142–145.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, Y., Wen, F., Xiao, M., 2013. Quantum Control of Multi-Wave Mixing. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Li, W., 2007. Echocardiography in Adult Congenital Heart Disease. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Bigelow, T.A., Labyed, Y., 2013. Attenuation Compensation and Estimation, in: Mamou, J., Oelze, M.L. (Eds.), Quantitative Ultrasound in Soft Tissues. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 71–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Antibiotic Overuse Might Be Why So Many People Have Allergies [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Surface Transportation Programs: Proposals Highlight Key Issues and Challenges in Restructuring the Programs (No. GAO-08-843R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pookcharoen, S., 2009. Metacognitive online reading strategies among Thai EFL university students (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spurgeon, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Smith and Shilatifard, 2009; Spurgeon, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith and Shilatifard, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Zicha et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Planning and Inference
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Plan. Inference
ISSN (print)0378-3758
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Applied Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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