How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Branch, D., 2003. Astrophysics. When a white dwarf explodes. Science 299, 53–54.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gagliardi, L., Roos, B.O., 2005. Quantum chemical calculations show that the uranium molecule U2 has a quintuple bond. Nature 433, 848–851.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hafed, Z.M., Goffart, L., Krauzlis, R.J., 2009. A neural mechanism for microsaccade generation in the primate superior colliculus. Science 323, 940–943.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Reimann, J., Schlauderer, S., Schmid, C.P., Langer, F., Baierl, S., Kokh, K.A., Tereshchenko, O.E., Kimura, A., Lange, C., Güdde, J., Höfer, U., Huber, R., 2018. Subcycle observation of lightwave-driven Dirac currents in a topological surface band. Nature 562, 396–400.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goudon, T., 2016. Mathematics for Modeling and Scientific Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Berglund, J., Shanneik, Y., Bocking, B. (Eds.), 2016. Religious Education in a Global-Local World, Boundaries of Religious Freedom: Regulating Religion in Diverse Societies. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Takeda, K., Hemmi, H., Akira, S., 2006. Mechanism for Recognition of CpG DNA, in: Hackett, C.J., Harn, D.A. (Eds.), Vaccine Adjuvants: Immunological and Clinical Principles, Infectious Disease. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 69–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. These Wasps Have Zinc-Tipped Drill Bits [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. Bonneville’s ADP Resource Management Controls Show Improvement, but More Needs To Be Done (No. AFMD-83-63). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kay, K., 2013. A support group for older adult males struggling with depression: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S., 2013. Where Medieval Armor Meets the Aquatic. New York Times WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Branch, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Branch, 2003; Gagliardi and Roos, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gagliardi and Roos, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Reimann et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Planning and Inference
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Plan. Inference
ISSN (print)0378-3758
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Applied Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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