How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harnett, M.M., 2006. Immunology. B cells spread and gather. Science 312, 709–710.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murphy, J.J., Melchiorre, P., 2015. Organic chemistry: Light opens pathways for nickel catalysis. Nature 524, 297–298.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oldroyd, G.E.D., Harrison, M.J., Paszkowski, U., 2009. Reprogramming plant cells for endosymbiosis. Science 324, 753–754.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gramm, F., Baerlocher, C., McCusker, L.B., Warrender, S.J., Wright, P.A., Han, B., Hong, S.B., Liu, Z., Ohsuna, T., Terasaki, O., 2006. Complex zeolite structure solved by combining powder diffraction and electron microscopy. Nature 444, 79–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sluga, H., 2011. Wittgenstein. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Davis, P.J., 2012. The Mathematical Experience, Study Edition, Modern Birkhäuser Classics. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Ding, J., Challa, V.R., Prasad, M.G., Fisher, F.T., 2013. Vibration Energy Harvesting and Its Application for Nano- and Microrobotics, in: Guo, Y. (Ed.), Selected Topics in Micro/Nano-Robotics for Biomedical Applications. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 59–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Curiosity Rover Back On Track After Safety Mode Glitch [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Update on the Readiness of the Social Security Administration (No. T-AIMD-99-90). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rardin, E.A., 2017. Corporate Psychopaths and Their Proclivity for Infiltrating Organizations (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Sami Blood. New York Times C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harnett, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Harnett, 2006; Murphy and Melchiorre, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murphy and Melchiorre, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Gramm et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Planning and Inference
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Plan. Inference
ISSN (print)0378-3758
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Applied Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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