How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gwynne, P., 2013. Technology: Mobility machines. Nature 503, S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kurzban, R., Barrett, H.C., 2012. Behavior. Origins of cumulative culture. Science 335, 1056–1057.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, J., Shen, L., Zheng, D., 2014. Association between vitamin C intake and lung cancer: a dose-response meta-analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 6161.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xue, T., Do, M.T.H., Riccio, A., Jiang, Z., Hsieh, J., Wang, H.C., Merbs, S.L., Welsbie, D.S., Yoshioka, T., Weissgerber, P., Stolz, S., Flockerzi, V., Freichel, M., Simon, M.I., Clapham, D.E., Yau, K.-W., 2011. Melanopsin signalling in mammalian iris and retina. Nature 479, 67–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
George, M.D., Donley, T.G., Preshaw, P.M., 2014. Ultrasonic Periodontal Debridement. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Cho, Y.J., 2015. Stability of Functional Equations in Banach Algebras. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Huang, W., Kapadia, M., Terzopoulos, D., 2010. Full-Body Hybrid Motor Control for Reaching, in: Boulic, R., Chrysanthou, Y., Komura, T. (Eds.), Motion in Games: Third International Conference, MIG 2010, Utrecht, The Netherlands, November 14-16, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 36–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. How Many Trees Are There Left On Earth? More Than 3 Trillion, Finds Major New Study [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Older Americans: Inability to Repay Student Loans May Affect Financial Security of a Small Percentage of Retirees (No. GAO-14-866T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maas, C.C., 2014. Emergency department utilization patterns in patients with diabetes (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B., Southall, A., Baker, A.L., 2016. When Marriage Turns Murderous. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gwynne, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gwynne, 2013; Kurzban and Barrett, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kurzban and Barrett, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Xue et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Planning and Inference
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Plan. Inference
ISSN (print)0378-3758
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Applied Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

Other styles