How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moczek, A.P., 2011. Evolutionary biology: the origins of novelty. Nature 473, 34–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rutherford, A.W., Boussac, A., 2004. Biochemistry. Water photolysis in biology. Science 303, 1782–1784.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vinothkumar, K.R., Zhu, J., Hirst, J., 2014. Architecture of mammalian respiratory complex I. Nature 515, 80–84.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mishra, G., Zhang, W., Deng, F., Zhao, J., Wang, X., 2006. A bifurcating pathway directs abscisic acid effects on stomatal closure and opening in Arabidopsis. Science 312, 264–266.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adamowicz, Z., Zbierski, P., 1997. Logic of Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Micklin, P., Aladin, N.V., Plotnikov, I. (Eds.), 2014. The Aral Sea: The Devastation and Partial Rehabilitation of a Great Lake, Springer Earth System Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Velázquez, A., Medina García, C., Durán Medina, E., Amador, A., Gopar Merino, L.F., 2016. The Inclusive Nature of SECLAVEMEX, in: Medina García, C., Durán Medina, E., Amador, A., Gopar Merino, L.F. (Eds.), Standardized Hierarchical Vegetation Classification: Mexican and Global Patterns, Geobotany Studies. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Slave Ants And Their Masters Are Locked In A Deadly Relationship [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Earth Observing System: NASA Needs to Reassess Its EOSDIS Development Strategy (No. T-IMTEC-92-7). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills Campbell, D., 2017. Exploratory Inquiry: Fundraising at Historically Black Colleges and Universities to Reduce Resource Dependence (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2010. Baked Treats of Portugal. New York Times NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moczek, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Moczek, 2011, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rutherford and Boussac, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Mishra et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Planning and Inference
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Plan. Inference
ISSN (print)0378-3758
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Applied Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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