How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feldman, D.E., 2014. Physics. Electronically erased. Science 344, 1344–1345.
A journal article with 2 authors
Graf, T., Enver, T., 2009. Forcing cells to change lineages. Nature 462, 587–594.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meschke, M., Guichard, W., Pekola, J.P., 2006. Single-mode heat conduction by photons. Nature 444, 187–190.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sambashivan, S., Liu, Y., Sawaya, M.R., Gingery, M., Eisenberg, D., 2005. Amyloid-like fibrils of ribonuclease A with three-dimensional domain-swapped and native-like structure. Nature 437, 266–269.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, D.J., 2011. Bond Math. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Edmonds, B., Meyer, R. (Eds.), 2013. Simulating Social Complexity: A Handbook, Understanding Complex Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Jiang, H.W., Yablonovitch, E., Xiao, M., Sakr, M., Scott, G., Croke, E.T., 2009. Single-Electron-Spin Measurements in Si-Based Semiconductor Nanostructures, in: Fanciulli, M. (Ed.), Electron Spin Resonance and Related Phenomena in Low-Dimensional Structures, Topics in Applied Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 81–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Discovery Of ‘Oldest’ Qur’an Fragments Could Resolve Enigmatic History Of Holy Text [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Head Start: Curriculum Use and Individual Child Assessment in Cognitive and Language Development (No. GAO-03-1049). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manuel, D.G., 2019. Integrate or Innovate: Controlling Schedule Risk in Major Defense Acquisition Programs (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bosman, J., Chokshi, N., 2017. In Historic Shift, Boy Scouts Will Accept Girls. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Feldman, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Feldman, 2014; Graf and Enver, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Graf and Enver, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Sambashivan et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Planning and Inference
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Plan. Inference
ISSN (print)0378-3758
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Applied Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

Other styles