How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Halloran, J., 2006. Materials science. Making better ceramic composites with ice. Science 311, 479–480.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fender, R., Belloni, T., 2012. Stellar-mass black holes and ultraluminous x-ray sources. Science 337, 540–544.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hsin, J.-P., Sheth, A., Manley, J.L., 2011. RNAP II CTD phosphorylated on threonine-4 is required for histone mRNA 3’ end processing. Science 334, 683–686.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zarrin, A.A., Del Vecchio, C., Tseng, E., Gleason, M., Zarin, P., Tian, M., Alt, F.W., 2007. Antibody class switching mediated by yeast endonuclease-generated DNA breaks. Science 315, 377–381.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruppel, W., 2015. Wiley GAAP for Governments 2015. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
George-Hyslop, P.H.S., Mobley, W.C.C., Christen, Y. (Eds.), 2009. Intracellular Traffic and Neurodegenerative Disorders, Research and Perspectives in Alzheimer’s Disease. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bernhardt, R., 2009. Discussion Following the Presentation by Rudolf Bernhardt, in: Deutsch, U., Wolfrum, R. (Eds.), The European Court of Human Rights Overwhelmed by Applications: Problems and Possible Solutions, Beiträge Zum Ausländischen Öffentlichen Recht Und Völkerrecht. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 37–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Patients Diagnosed With Drug-Resistant Malaria In The UK For The First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Important Progress Made to Develop Business Enterprise Architecture, but Much Work Remains (No. GAO-03-1018). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sulaiman, Y., 2008. The Banteng and the Eagle: Indonesian Foreign Policy and the United States During the Era of Sukarno 1945-1967 (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2016. ‘Suicide Squad’ Soundtrack Is No. 1 Again. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Halloran, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fender and Belloni, 2012; Halloran, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fender and Belloni, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Zarrin et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Planning and Inference
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Plan. Inference
ISSN (print)0378-3758
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Applied Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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