How to format your references using the Jornal de Pediatria citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Jornal de Pediatria. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rauchway E. Recession Watch: Work for the greater good. Nature. 2009 Feb 19;457(7232):959–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aral S, Walker D. Identifying influential and susceptible members of social networks. Science. 2012 Jul 20;337(6092):337–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Roy P, Daley AC, Briggs DEG. Anomalocaridid trunk limb homology revealed by a giant filter-feeder with paired flaps. Nature. 2015 Jun 4;522(7554):77–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ren K, Wu J, Yan F, Ju H. Ratiometric electrochemical proximity assay for sensitive one-step protein detection. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 12;4:4360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wexler S, Shaffer J, Cotgreave A. The Big Book of Dashboards. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Lourenço R. AIDA-CMK: Multi-Algorithm Optimization Kernel Applied to Analog IC Sizing. Lourenço N, Horta N, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XI, 64 p. 35 illus., 5 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology).
A chapter in an edited book
Devonshire-Ellis C, Scott A, Woollard S. China’s Business Taxes. In: Devonshire-Ellis C, Scott A, Woollard S, editors. Setting Up Joint Ventures in China. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 87–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Jornal de Pediatria.

Blog post
Andrew E. We Could Finally Be Close To Wiping Out HIV From The Body [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Amtrak: Contracting Improprieties by Chief Engineer. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Feb. Report No.: OSI-99-4R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holby N. School Counselors and Their Experiences Implementing Comprehensive Programs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky CJCS, Andrew Kramer contributed reporting from Moscow for this article. AT LEAST 85 SLAIN AS REBELS ATTACK IN SOUTH RUSSIA. New York Times. 2005 Oct 14;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJornal de Pediatria
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. (Rio J.)
ISSN (print)0021-7557
ISSN (online)1678-4782
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles