How to format your references using the Jornal de Pediatria citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Jornal de Pediatria. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ohlemüller R. Climate. Running out of climate space. Science. 2011 Nov 4;334(6056):613–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
King DA, Thomas SM. Science and government. Taking science out of the box--foresight recast. Science. 2007 Jun 22;316(5832):1701–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Popovych OV, Yanchuk S, Tass PA. Self-organized noise resistance of oscillatory neural networks with spike timing-dependent plasticity. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct 11;3:2926.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Voets T, Droogmans G, Wissenbach U, Janssens A, Flockerzi V, Nilius B. The principle of temperature-dependent gating in cold- and heat-sensitive TRP channels. Nature. 2004 Aug 12;430(7001):748–54.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kukushkin A. Radio Wave Propagation in the Marine Boundary Layer. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
Hurst CJ, editor. The Rasputin Effect: When Commensals and Symbionts Become Parasitic. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XII, 357 p. 27 illus., 15 illus. in color. (Advances in Environmental Microbiology; vol. 3).
A chapter in an edited book
Limongelli C, Sciarrone F, Temperini M, Vaste G. Virtual Cultural Tour Personalization by Means of an Adaptive E-Learning System: A Case Study. In: Lytras MD, Damiani E, Carroll JM, Tennyson RD, Avison D, Naeve A, et al., editors. Visioning and Engineering the Knowledge Society A Web Science Perspective: Second World Summit on the Knowledge Society, WSKS 2009, Chania, Crete, Greece, September 16-18, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 40–9. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Jornal de Pediatria.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Mathematics Of Pixar Movies [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Remote Radar for Grand Junction. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Nov. Report No.: RCED-97-22.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeHart WP. The leader liminal sphere: A phenomenological inquiry [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman JL. A Funky Place to Land in Hollywood. New York Times. 2016 Nov 18;TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJornal de Pediatria
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. (Rio J.)
ISSN (print)0021-7557
ISSN (online)1678-4782
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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