How to format your references using the Chiropractic Journal of Australia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chiropractic Journal of Australia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kerr RA. PLANETARY SCIENCE: Making a Splash With a Hint of Mars Water. Science. 2000 Jun 30;288(5475):2295–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Tholl D, Gershenzon J. BIOCHEMISTRY. The flowering of a new scent pathway in rose. Science. 2015 Jul 3;349(6243):28–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Schröder GF, Levitt M, Brunger AT. Super-resolution biomolecular crystallography with low-resolution data. Nature. 2010 Apr 22;464(7292):1218–22.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Qin G, Yan Q-B, Qin Z, Yue S-Y, Cui H-J, Zheng Q-R, et al. Hinge-like structure induced unusual properties of black phosphorus and new strategies to improve the thermoelectric performance. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 6;4:6946.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Escarpa A, González MC, López MÁ. Agricultural and Food Electroanalysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Oliver MA. Basic Steps in Geostatistics: The Variogram and Kriging. Webster R, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. X, 100 p. 39 illus. (SpringerBriefs in Agriculture).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rosemann M, vom Brocke J. The Six Core Elements of Business Process Management. In: Brocke JV, Rosemann M, editors. Handbook on Business Process Management 1: Introduction, Methods, and Information Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 107–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chiropractic Journal of Australia.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. What The Fresh Hell Is This Gigantic Furry Blob? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/fresh-hell-gigantic-furry-blob/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Hazardous Weather Detection and Dissemination Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Sep. Report No.: T-RCED-87-43.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Frisbee KL. The impact of mobile health (mhealth) technology on family caregiver’s burden levels and an assessment of variations in mhealth tool use [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Johnson G. Seeking Stars, Finding Creationism. New York Times. 2014 Oct 21;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChiropractic Journal of Australia
ISSN (print)1036-0913
Scope

Other styles