How to format your references using the Chiropractic Journal of Australia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chiropractic Journal of Australia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Silk JB. Animal behaviour: The evolutionary roots of lethal conflict. Nature. 2014 Sep 18;513(7518):321–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Drenkard E, Ausubel FM. Pseudomonas biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance are linked to phenotypic variation. Nature. 2002 Apr 18;416(6882):740–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Helled R, Galanti E, Kaspi Y. Saturn’s fast spin determined from its gravitational field and oblateness. Nature. 2015 Apr 9;520(7546):202–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Saurin AJ, Shao Z, Erdjument-Bromage H, Tempst P, Kingston RE. A Drosophila Polycomb group complex includes Zeste and dTAFII proteins. Nature. 2001 Aug 9;412(6847):655–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Knudsen S. Guide to Analysis of DNA Microarray Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Ocampo-Martinez C, Negenborn RR, editors. Transport of Water versus Transport over Water: Exploring the Dynamic Interplay of Transport and Water. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XVI, 478 p. 211 illus., 167 illus. in color. (Operations Research/Computer Science Interfaces Series; vol. 58).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kłos M, Waszczyszyn Z. Prediction of Compaction Characteristics of Granular Soils by Neural Networks. In: Diamantaras K, Duch W, Iliadis LS, editors. Artificial Neural Networks – ICANN 2010: 20th International Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece, September 15-18, 2010, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 42–5. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chiropractic Journal of Australia.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Is Radiation From Your Mobile Phone Killing Your Sperm? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/is-radiation-from-your-mobile-phone-killing-your-sperm/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration May Face Resource and Other Challenges in Developing a System to Screen All Cargo Transported on Passenger Aircraft. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Jul. Report No.: GAO-08-959T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
McClurg AD. A phenomenological study of Baby Boomer retirement— Expectations, results, and implications [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly TW. Encounter: When Fantasy Becomes Fact. New York Times. 1975 May 4;Travel and Resorts373.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChiropractic Journal of Australia
ISSN (print)1036-0913
Scope

Other styles