How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zülicke U 2002 Applied physics. Ultrasmall wires get excited Science 295 810–1
A journal article with 2 authors
Mescher M C and De Moraes C M 2014 Plant biology: Pass the ammunition Nature 510 221–2
A journal article with 3 authors
Kerr J T, Kharouba H M and Currie D J 2007 The macroecological contribution to global change solutions Science 316 1581–4
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Jiang Y J, Aerne B L, Smithers L, Haddon C, Ish-Horowicz D and Lewis J 2000 Notch signalling and the synchronization of the somite segmentation clock Nature 408 475–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
American Counseling Association 2015 The ACA Encyclopedia of Counseling (Alexandria, VA, USA: American Counseling Association)
An edited book
Purshouse R C, Fleming P J, Fonseca C M, Greco S and Shaw J 2013 Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 7th International Conference, EMO 2013, Sheffield, UK, March 19-22, 2013. Proceedings vol 7811 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Crozier A J 2006 Festina Lente: An Introductory Sketch of the History of ASEAN Integration in Asia and Europe: Historical Dynamics, Political Issues, and Economic Perspectives ed P J J Welfens, F Knipping, S Chirathivat and C Ryan (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 13–29

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment.

Blog post
Evans K 2017 UK Government To Release “Secret Dossier” Of All British UFO Sightings After Election Next Month IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2014 Federal Retirement Processing: Applying Information Technology Acquisition Best Practices Could Help OPM Overcome a Long History of Unsuccessful Modernization Efforts (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bujarbarua V 2015 Production Optimization Using an In-Situ Steam Generator in a Rejuvenated Heavy Oil Field Doctoral dissertation ( Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz M 2017 New York City Jails Take Another Blow: Respected Official Is Stepping Down New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Mech.
ISSN (online)1742-5468
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

Other styles