How to format your references using the New Zealand Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Saunders J (2009). Physics. A glassy state of supersolid helium. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324:601–602.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hilfinger A, Paulsson J (2015). Systems biology: Defiant daughters and coordinated cousins. Nature 519:422–423.
A journal article with 3 authors
Biankin AV, Piantadosi S, Hollingsworth SJ (2015). Patient-centric trials for therapeutic development in precision oncology. Nature 526:361–370.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Galiana G, Branca RT, Jenista ER, Warren WS (2008). Accurate temperature imaging based on intermolecular coherences in magnetic resonance. Science (New York, N.Y.) 322:421–424.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The American Ceramic Society (2009). Progress in Nanotechnology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lee R, editor (2015). Computer and Information Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Choi J-W, Shin H-K, Lee J-S, Cheon Y-J (2012). Development of LEON3-FT Processor Emulator for Flight Software Development and Test. In KS Thaung, editor Advanced Information Technology in Education. Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Dental Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013). Milky Way galaxy has four arms, not two. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). Traffic Safety Data: State Data System Quality Varies and Limited Resources and Coordination Can Inhibit Further Progress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packer-Kinlaw D (2012). Anxious journeys: Past, present, and construction of identity in American travel writing. [Doctoral dissertation]. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2014). Archie Isn’t Dead. He’s Free. (For One Day.). New York Times:C34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Saunders, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Saunders, 2009; Hilfinger and Paulsson, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hilfinger and Paulsson, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Galiana et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Dental Journal
ISSN (print)0028-8047

Other styles