How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wofsy, S.C.: Climate change. Where has all the carbon gone? Science. 292, 2261–2263 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
de Vernal, A., Hillaire-Marcel, C.: Natural variability of Greenland climate, vegetation, and ice volume during the past million years. Science. 320, 1622–1625 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, Y., Samal, E., Srivastava, D.: Serum response factor regulates a muscle-specific microRNA that targets Hand2 during cardiogenesis. Nature. 436, 214–220 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ibata, R., Irwin, M., Lewis, G., Ferguson, A.M., Tanvir, N.: A giant stream of metal-rich stars in the halo of the galaxy M31. Nature. 412, 49–52 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Irene, E.A.: Electronic Materials Science. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
de Mello, R.A., Tavares, Á., Mountzios, G. eds: International Manual of Oncology Practice: (iMOP) - Principles of Medical Oncology. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Sheth, S., Desai, A.P.: Pyloric Stenosis. In: Guandalini, S., Dhawan, A., and Branski, D. (eds.) Textbook of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition: A Comprehensive Guide to Practice. pp. 35–39. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Students Use 3-D Printer To Produce Prosthetic Arm For $200,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Tax Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ Third Expenditure Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2001)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis, S.S.: Identification of Stress-Responsive Genes in the Early Larval Stage of the Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas, (2006)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G.: Zombies Revived in a Walking Dead Digital Comic, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wofsy 2001).
This sentence cites two references (de Vernal and Hillaire-Marcel 2008; Wofsy 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Vernal and Hillaire-Marcel 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Ibata et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Distributions and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Distrib. Appl.
ISSN (online)2195-5832

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