How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stella, N.: Cell biology. Anatomy of prostaglandin signals. Science. 334, 768–769 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Haga, S.B., Venter, J.C.: Genetics. FDA races in wrong direction. Science. 301, 466 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Ni, S., Kanamori, H., Helmberger, D.: Seismology: energy radiation from the Sumatra earthquake. Nature. 434, 582 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hamilton, G.L., Kang, E.J., Mba, M., Toste, F.D.: A powerful chiral counterion strategy for asymmetric transition metal catalysis. Science. 317, 496–499 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lueder, E.: 3D Displays. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2011)
An edited book
Wang, D.: Model-based Health Monitoring of Hybrid Systems. Springer, New York, NY (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Kennedy, I.R., Kecskés, M., Deaker, R., Roughley, R.J., Marsh, S., Rose, M., Choudhury, A., Hien, N.T., Cong, P.T., Van Toan, P., Be, T.T.: Plant Growth-Promoting Diazotrophs: Optimising their Role as Key Agents in Achieving More Efficient Nutrient Use by Field Crops. In: Dakora, F.D., Chimphango, S.B.M., Valentine, A.J., Elmerich, C., and Newton, W.E. (eds.) Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Towards Poverty Alleviation through Sustainable Agriculture: Proceedings of the 15th International Nitrogen Fixation Congress and the 12th International Conference of the African Association for Biological Nitrogen Fixation. pp. 19–22. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Dubai Could Have the World’s First Fully Functional 3D-Printed Building


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ADP System: Patent Office’s Contract Renegotiation Behind Schedule. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1987)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, D.W.: An examination of the impact of computer-based animations and visualization sequence on student understanding of Hadley Cells in atmospheric circulation, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markowitz, J.C.: There’s Such a Thing as Too Much Neuroscience, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stella 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Haga and Venter 2003; Stella 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haga and Venter 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Hamilton et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Distributions and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Distrib. Appl.
ISSN (online)2195-5832

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