How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Akeson, R.: Planetary science. Watery disks. Science. 334, 316–317 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Buzsáki, G., Draguhn, A.: Neuronal oscillations in cortical networks. Science. 304, 1926–1929 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Scaffidi, P., Misteli, T., Bianchi, M.E.: Release of chromatin protein HMGB1 by necrotic cells triggers inflammation. Nature. 418, 191–195 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Elsig, J., Schmitt, J., Leuenberger, D., Schneider, R., Eyer, M., Leuenberger, M., Joos, F., Fischer, H., Stocker, T.F.: Stable isotope constraints on Holocene carbon cycle changes from an Antarctic ice core. Nature. 461, 507–510 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crook, T., Kemp, P.A.: Transforming Private Landlords. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2010)
An edited book
Hirschel, E.H.: Selected Aerothermodynamic Design Problems of Hypersonic Flight Vehicles. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Gjedrem, T., Baranski, M.: Initiating Breeding Programs. In: Baranski, M. (ed.) Selective Breeding in Aquaculture: An Introduction. pp. 63–85. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications.

Blog post
Davis, J.: UN Agrees To Tackle The Urgent Threat Posed By Antibiotic Resistance,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Titan IV Launch Vehicle: Restructured Program Could Reduce Fiscal Year 1992 Funding Needs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1991)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bigler, W.H.: Increased substance abuse treatment for adolescents, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Widdicombe, B.: Diamonds (and Other Gems) That Are Forever, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Akeson 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Akeson 2011; Buzsáki and Draguhn 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buzsáki and Draguhn 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Elsig et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Distributions and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Distrib. Appl.
ISSN (online)2195-5832

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