How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kemp, M.: The Mona Lisa of modern science. Nature. 421, 416–420 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Brodsky, E.E., Lajoie, L.J.: Anthropogenic seismicity rates and operational parameters at the Salton Sea Geothermal Field. Science. 341, 543–546 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, J.I., Crabtree, G.R., Crabtee, G.R.: Cell signaling. Nuclear actin as choreographer of cell morphology and transcription. Science. 316, 1710–1711 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lang, K.M., Madhavan, V., Hoffman, J.E., Hudson, E.W., Eisaki, H., Uchida, S., Davis, J.C.: Imaging the granular structure of high-Tc superconductivity in underdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta. Nature. 415, 412–416 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety: Guidelines for Technical Planning for on-site Emergencies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (1995)
An edited book
Chatterjee, D.K. ed: Encyclopedia of Global Justice. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Neelameggham, N.R., Davis, B.R.: Thermal Wastes from Energy Conversions and Global Anthropogenic Warming. In: Jha, A., Wang, C., Neelameggham, N.R., Guillen, D.P., Li, L., Belt, C.K., Kirchain, R., Spangenberger, J.S., Johnson, F., Gomes, A.J., Pandey, A., and Hosemann, P. (eds.) Energy Technology 2015: Carbon Dioxide Management and Other Technologies. pp. 29–35. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: Watch A Goblin Shark Take A Bite,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Public Radio and the Role of Federal Funding. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2011)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Verret, J.E.: Property Tax Limitations, School District Revenues, and Equity: Analyses of Pennsylvania’s Act One, (2019)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Chapman, M.M.: In Michigan, Homage to the Auto’s Heritage, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kemp 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Brodsky and Lajoie 2013; Kemp 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brodsky and Lajoie 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Lang et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Distributions and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Distrib. Appl.
ISSN (online)2195-5832

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