How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Purnell, B.: New release: the complete guide to organ repair. Introduction. Science. 322, 1489 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Stahler, S., Palla, F.: Astronomy. The beat of young stars. Science. 345, 514–515 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Gasparini, Z., Pol, D., Spalletti, L.A.: An unusual marine crocodyliform from the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary of Patagonia. Science. 311, 70–73 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lanzetti, L., Rybin, V., Malabarba, M.G., Christoforidis, S., Scita, G., Zerial, M., Di Fiore, P.P.: The Eps8 protein coordinates EGF receptor signalling through Rac and trafficking through Rab5. Nature. 408, 374–377 (2000)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ratzliff, A., Unutzer, J., Katon, W., Stephens, K.A.: Integrated Care. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
del Río, L.A. ed: Peroxisomes and their Key Role in Cellular Signaling and Metabolism. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Forciea, M.A., Yudin, J.: Home-Based Care of the Older Patient. In: Pignolo, R.J., Crane, M.K., and Forciea, M.A. (eds.) Classic Papers in Geriatric Medicine with Current Commentaries. pp. 27–32. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: Life Might Jump Between Planets In The TRAPPIST-1 System


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Intelligent Transportation Systems: Survey of Transit Providers Serving Small Urban and Rural Areas (GAO-16-639SP, June 21, 2016), an E-supplement to GAO-16-638. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2016)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castiglione, A.: Counterproductive work behaviors: The role of employee support policies, envy, and narcissism, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K.: Charleston Chews And Sugar Babies: Fistfuls of Nostalgia, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Purnell 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Purnell 2008; Stahler and Palla 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stahler and Palla 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lanzetti et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Distributions and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Distrib. Appl.
ISSN (online)2195-5832

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