How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montell, D.J.: Morphogenetic cell movements: diversity from modular mechanical properties. Science. 322, 1502–1505 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Bhattachan, A., D’Odorico, P.: Can land use intensification in the Mallee, Australia increase the supply of soluble iron to the Southern Ocean? Sci. Rep. 4, 6009 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Sia, G.M., Clem, R.L., Huganir, R.L.: The human language-associated gene SRPX2 regulates synapse formation and vocalization in mice. Science. 342, 987–991 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Erwin, G.S., Grieshop, M.P., Ali, A., Qi, J., Lawlor, M., Kumar, D., Ahmad, I., McNally, A., Teider, N., Worringer, K., Sivasankaran, R., Syed, D.N., Eguchi, A., Ashraf, M., Jeffery, J., Xu, M., Park, P.M.C., Mukhtar, H., Srivastava, A.K., Faruq, M., Bradner, J.E., Ansari, A.Z.: Synthetic transcription elongation factors license transcription across repressive chromatin. Science. 358, 1617–1622 (2017)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bernström, S.: Valuation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2014)
An edited book
Csató, G.: The Pullback Equation for Differential Forms. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Abril, D., Navarro-Arribas, G., Torra, V.: Data Privacy with $R$ R. In: Navarro-Arribas, G. and Torra, V. (eds.) Advanced Research in Data Privacy. pp. 63–82. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: This Is What Sex Looks Like Inside An MRI Machine


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Use of Minicomputers for Internal Revenue Service Tax Return Preparation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1978)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tu, K.-H.: Structural and Functional Analysis of Apolipoprotein E3/E4 Hybrid, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: Severino and Sanchez Help Yankees Finish Emphatic Sweep of Mets, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montell 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Montell 2008; Montell 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bhattachan and D’Odorico 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Erwin et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Distributions and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Distrib. Appl.
ISSN (online)2195-5832

Other styles