How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo, E.: Grant schemes supporting scientific entrepreneurs have induced job growth in the United States, but they haven’t yet crossed the Atlantic, says Eugene Russo. Nature. 425, 988–989 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Shirey, P.D., Lamberti, G.A.: Regulate trade in rare plants. Nature. 469, 465–467 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Cremer, S., Sledge, M.F., Heinze, J.: Chemical mimicry: male ants disguised by the queen’s bouquet. Nature. 419, 897 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Condon, M.A., Scheffer, S.J., Lewis, M.L., Swensen, S.M.: Hidden neotropical diversity: greater than the sum of its parts. Science. 320, 928–931 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Möller, G.: Geotechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2013)
An edited book
Colombi Ciacchi, A. ed: Contents and Effects of Contracts-Lessons to Learn From The Common European Sales Law. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Trinks, I.: Nondestructive Subsurface Mapping. In: Carver, M., Gaydarska, B., and Montón-Subías, S. (eds.) Field Archaeology from Around the World: Ideas and Approaches. pp. 33–41. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Here’s What Ariel Would Look Like If She Evolved In The Deep Ocean


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: DISH Network Complied with the Court-Appointed Special Master’s Examination of Its Compliance with the Section 119 Statutory License. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2012)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jin, H.: Periodic Motions and Bifurcation Tree in a Periodically Excited Duffing Oscillator with Time-delay, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B.: Cadillac’s Ad Gambit: Selling Luxury Cars by Promoting Unity, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russo 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Russo 2003; Shirey and Lamberti 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shirey and Lamberti 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Condon et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Distributions and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Distrib. Appl.
ISSN (online)2195-5832

Other styles