How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ploegh, H.L.: A lipid-based model for the creation of an escape hatch from the endoplasmic reticulum. Nature. 448, 435–438 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Ito, T., Handa, H.: Myeloid disease: Another action of a thalidomide derivative. Nature. 523, 167–168 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu, Z., Gauthier, D.J., Boyd, R.W.: Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering. Science. 318, 1748–1750 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fomin, Y.D., Ryzhov, V.N., Tsiok, E.N., Brazhkin, V.V., Trachenko, K.: Dynamic transition in supercritical iron. Sci. Rep. 4, 7194 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Islam, M.R., Hossain, M.E., Moussavizadegan, S.H., Mustafiz, S., Abou&xKassem, J.H.: Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulation. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Banâtre, J.-P., Fradet, P., Giavitto, J.-L., Michel, O. eds: Unconventional Programming Paradigms: International Workshop UPP 2004, Le Mont Saint Michel, France, September 15-17, 2004, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Kraskov, A., Grassberger, P.: MIC: Mutual Information Based Hierarchical Clustering. In: Emmert-Streib, F. and Dehmer, M. (eds.) Information Theory and Statistical Learning. pp. 101–123. Springer US, Boston, MA (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: We Care About Dementia, But We Often Don’t Know What Causes It,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Competitive Financing Mechanisms: Auctions Used by Federal Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gurska, D.P.: Peering Down the Bottomless Well: Myth in Thomas Mann’s Joseph Tetralogy, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc, J.: Solitude on the Hudson River, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ploegh 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ito and Handa 2015; Ploegh 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ito and Handa 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Fomin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Distributions and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Distrib. Appl.
ISSN (online)2195-5832

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