How to format your references using the Critical Ultrasound Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Ultrasound Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Friedman JM (2000) Obesity in the new millennium. Nature 404:632–634
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rauch EM, Bar-Yam Y (2004) Theory predicts the uneven distribution of genetic diversity within species. Nature 431:449–452
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Smith SJ, Wigley TM, Edmonds J (2000) CLIMATE: A New Route Toward Limiting Climate Change? Science 290:1109–1110
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Li XP, Björkman O, Shih C, et al (2000) A pigment-binding protein essential for regulation of photosynthetic light harvesting. Nature 403:391–395

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Safari M, Ariff M, Mohamad S (2014) Sukuk Securities. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
1.
Richards D, Kang BH (2012) Knowledge Management and Acquisition for Intelligent Systems: 12th Pacific Rim Knowledge Acquisition Workshop, PKAW 2012, Kuching, Malaysia, September 5-6, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kanai T, Takahashi EJ, Nabekawa Y, Midorikawa K (2010) Heterodyne Interferometry Using High-Order Harmonic Generation in Mixed Gases. In: Yamanouchi K, Giulietti A, Ledingham K (eds) Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science: Volume V. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 65–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Ultrasound Journal.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2016) Male Spiders Who Bring “Nuptial Gifts” Are Cannibalized Less. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/male-spiders-who-bring-nuptial-gifts-are-cannibalized-less/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2008) NASA: Challenges in Completing and Sustaining the International Space Station. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Vado PF (2012) Foster Care Independence Act of 1999: A policy analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rothenberg B (2017) For Men’s Title Match, Fans Reach Deep Into Their Pockets. New York Times D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Ultrasound Journal
AbbreviationCrit. Ultrasound J.
ISSN (print)2036-3176
ISSN (online)2036-7902
ScopeRadiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles