How to format your references using the Critical Ultrasound Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Ultrasound Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Grinnell F (2013) It is time to update US biomedical funding. Nature 501:137
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Dziarmaga J, Zurek WH (2014) Quench in the 1D Bose-Hubbard model: topological defects and excitations from the Kosterlitz-Thouless phase transition dynamics. Sci Rep 4:5950
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bandfield JL, Glotch TD, Christensen PR (2003) Spectroscopic identification of carbonate minerals in the martian dust. Science 301:1084–1087
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Srinivasarao M, Collings D, Philips A, Patel S (2001) Three-dimensionally ordered array of air bubbles in a polymer film. Science 292:79–83

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Burd B (2011) Java® For Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Serdyukov P, Braslavski P, Kuznetsov SO, et al (2013) Advances in Information Retrieval: 35th European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2013, Moscow, Russia, March 24-27, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Vassev E, Hinchey M (2014) Verification and Validation of Autonomy Requirements. In: Hinchey M (ed) Autonomy Requirements Engineering for Space Missions. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 173–184

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Ultrasound Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2017) How We Discovered The World’s Oldest Fossils. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-we-discovered-the-worlds-oldest-fossils/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1992) High Risk Series: Guaranteed Student Loans. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Shaw RM (2012) The influence of organizational culture on employee attitudes towards information security policy. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Murphy MJO (2014) ‘John D. Ducks for Apples.’ New York Times C30

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Ultrasound Journal
AbbreviationCrit. Ultrasound J.
ISSN (print)2036-3176
ISSN (online)2036-7902
ScopeRadiological and Ultrasound Technology

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