How to format your references using the Journal of Sound and Vibration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sound and Vibration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Hestmark, Oeconomia Naturae L, Nature. 405 (2000) 19.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Heinze, U. Homberg, Maplike representation of celestial E-vector orientations in the brain of an insect, Science. 315 (2007) 995–997.
A journal article with 3 authors
T.W. Schoener, D.A. Spiller, J.B. Losos, Natural restoration of the species-area relation for a lizard after a hurricane, Science. 294 (2001) 1525–1528.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.A. Acharya, A. Portman, C.S. Salazar, J.J. Schmidt, Hydrogel-stabilized droplet bilayers for high speed solution exchange, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3139.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.-P. Briffaut, E-Enabled Operations Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
B. Johansson, B. Andersson, N. Holmberg, eds., Perspectives in Business Informatics Research: 13th International Conference, BIR 2014, Lund, Sweden, September 22-24, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
C.-P. Chou, A Chinese Declaration of the Rights of Women, in: C.-P. Chou (Ed.), English Writings of Hu Shih: Literature and Society (Volume 1), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 25–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sound and Vibration.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, Virgin Galactic Flies Its New Space Plane Freely For The First Time, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Abstinence Education: Assessing the Accuracy and Effectiveness of Federally Funded Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P.J. Rodriguez, “Stepping stones”: Empowering mental health patients through connections with significant others: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L.F. Burghardt, With Emphasis on Safety, Playgrounds Aren’t for All, New York Times. (2005) 14LI1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sound and Vibration
AbbreviationJ. Sound Vib.
ISSN (print)0022-460X
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Acoustics and Ultrasonics
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles