How to format your references using the Journal of Sound and Vibration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sound and Vibration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, Building Nordic networks, Nature. 420 (2002) A3, A5, A7.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Rus, M.T. Tolley, Design, fabrication and control of soft robots, Nature. 521 (2015) 467–475.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Karsai, N. Perra, A. Vespignani, Time varying networks and the weakness of strong ties, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Deng, E. Josberger, J. Jin, A.F. Roudsari, A.F. Rousdari, B.A. Helms, C. Zhong, M.P. Anantram, M. Rolandi, H+-type and OH- -type biological protonic semiconductors and complementary devices, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2481.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Thiessen, Measuring the Real World, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, England, 1996.
An edited book
J.J. Barbara, ed., Handbook of Digital and Multimedia Forensic Evidence, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Kumar, R. Gulati, A Survey of Empirical Literature on Bank Efficiency, in: R. Gulati (Ed.), Deregulation and Efficiency of Indian Banks, Springer India, New Delhi, 2014: pp. 119–165.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sound and Vibration.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Watch Rhinos Being Dehorned To Save Their Lives, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Student Attrition at the Five Federal Service Academies. Enclosure B:, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Greenfield, Beyond Super Heroes and Talking Animals: Social Justice in Graphic Novels in Education, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Kershaw Delivers His Best Playoff Performance, Leaving Cubs Flustered, New York Times. (2016) D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sound and Vibration
AbbreviationJ. Sound Vib.
ISSN (print)0022-460X
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Acoustics and Ultrasonics
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles