How to format your references using the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Macilwain C. US considers moves to relieve morale crisis at energy labs. Nature. 2000;407:547–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Matsumoto Y, Maller JL. A centrosomal localization signal in cyclin E required for Cdk2-independent S phase entry. Science. 2004;306:885–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Piscitelli CL, Krishnamurthy H, Gouaux E. Neurotransmitter/sodium symporter orthologue LeuT has a single high-affinity substrate site. Nature. 2010;468:1129–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wachowiak A, Yamachika R, Khoo KH, Wang Y, Grobis M, Lee D-H, et al. Visualization of the molecular Jahn-Teller effect in an insulating K4C60 monolayer. Science. 2005;310:468–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. McGrath AE. Luther’s Theology of the Cross. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1. Carpinteri A, Mai Y-W, Ritchie RO, editors. Advances in Fracture Research: Honour and Plenary Lectures Presented at the 11th International Conference on Fracture (ICF11), Held in Turin, Italy, on March 20–25, 2005. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Suzuki S. The Kyoto School and J.F. Herbart. In: Standish P, Saito N, editors. Education and the Kyoto School of Philosophy: Pedagogy for Human Transformation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 41–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. They Might Sound Gross, But Intestinal Worms Can Actually Be Good For You [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Assistance: Information on Payments Made Under the Disaster Relief and Insurance Reimbursement Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Sep. Report No.: GAO-03-1156R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Karasik BA. Tele-collaboration in theatre: Collaboration mgmt tools in a digital and globalized age [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Koblin J. HBO Ends Talk Show for Ex-Star of ESPN. New York Times. 2016 Nov 4;B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Int. Soc. Sports Nutr.
ISSN (online)1550-2783
ScopeFood Science
Nutrition and Dietetics

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