How to format your references using the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rolston S. Quantum physics: Getting the measure of entanglement. Nature. 2015;528:48–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Schadt E, Chang R. Genetics. A GPS for navigating DNA. Science. 2012;337:1179–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ekström G, Nettles M, Tsai VC. Seasonality and increasing frequency of Greenland glacial earthquakes. Science. 2006;311:1756–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Aathavan K, Politzer AT, Kaplan A, Moffitt JR, Chemla YR, Grimes S, et al. Substrate interactions and promiscuity in a viral DNA packaging motor. Nature. 2009;461:669–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gros D, Lannoo K. The Euro Capital Market. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2004.
An edited book
1. Gravemeijer K. Measurement and Geometry in Upper Primary School. Figueiredo N, Galen F van, Keijzer R, Munk F, editors. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Nichol R. Traditional Socialisation and Education in Melanesia. In: Nichol R, editor. Growing up Indigenous: Developing Effective Pedagogy for Education and Development. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2011. p. 59–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. When are we Most Likely to Catch Viral Diseases? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Test and Evaluation: DOD Has Been Slow In Improving Testing of Software-Intensive Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Sep. Report No.: NSIAD-93-198.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Peterson GG. Long-Term Effects of Care Management on Mortality, Hospitalizations, and Medicare Costs Among Chronically-Ill Medicare Beneficiaries [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M. For Olympic Contenders, the Prefontaine Serves as a Tuneup and as a Barometer. New York Times. 2012 Jun 3;SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Int. Soc. Sports Nutr.
ISSN (online)1550-2783
ScopeFood Science
Nutrition and Dietetics

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