How to format your references using the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Jasanoff S. Technologies of humility. Nature. 2007;450:33.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Green DR, Kroemer G. Cytoplasmic functions of the tumour suppressor p53. Nature. 2009;458:1127–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Humanes-Valera D, Foffani G, Aguilar J. Increased cortical responses to forepaw stimuli immediately after peripheral deafferentation of hindpaw inputs. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7278.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Miao D, Margolis CA, Gao W, Voss MH, Li W, Martini DJ, et al. Genomic correlates of response to immune checkpoint therapies in clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Science. 2018;359:801–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chadha R, Kant L. Policy-Driven Mobile Ad hoc Network Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1. Technau GM, editor. Brain Development in Drosophila melanogaster. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sani L, Amoretti M, Vicari E, Mordonini M, Pecori R, Roli A, et al. Efficient Search of Relevant Structures in Complex Systems. In: Adorni G, Cagnoni S, Gori M, Maratea M, editors. AI*IA 2016 Advances in Artificial Intelligence: XVth International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence, Genova, Italy, November 29 – December 1, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 35–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Cancer Expert On AHCA: “This Bill Will Make America Sicker” [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/cancer-expert-ahca-bill-america-sicker/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Weather Satellites: Action Needed to Resolve Status of the U.S. Geostationary Satellite Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Jul. Report No.: NSIAD-91-252.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Born KB. Student and Principal Perceptions of the California High School Proficiency Examination in Community Schools: A Case Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Billard M. Wrist Management. New York Times. 2010 Sep 30;E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Int. Soc. Sports Nutr.
ISSN (online)1550-2783
ScopeFood Science
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles