How to format your references using the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cuomo S. Beyond the ivory tower. The sinews of war: ancient catapults. Science. 2004;303:771–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Raymond PA, Cole JJ. Increase in the export of alkalinity from North America’s largest river. Science. 2003;301:88–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gill RJ, Ramos-Rodriguez O, Raine NE. Combined pesticide exposure severely affects individual- and colony-level traits in bees. Nature. 2012;491:105–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ryan PG, Bloomer P, Moloney CL, Grant TJ, Delport W. Ecological speciation in South Atlantic island finches. Science. 2007;315:1420–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Reay D. Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the OMAP-L138 eXperimenter. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Handler C, Cleman M, editors. Classic Papers in Coronary Angioplasty. London: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ferrari A. Perceptive Defects. In: Cioni G, editor. The Spastic Forms of Cerebral Palsy: A Guide to the Assessment of Adaptive Functions. Milano: Springer; 2010. p. 73–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

Blog post
1. Taub B. Medical Examiner’s Report Shows Prince Died After Overdosing On Painkiller That’s 80 Times Stronger Than Morphine [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. No Child Left Behind Act: States Face Challenges Measuring Academic Growth That Education’s Initiatives May Help Address. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Jul. Report No.: GAO-06-661.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Carolina DS. A qualitative study of the healthcare experiences and health information acquisition of African American men [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly C. When Turning Away Customers Will Help the Bottom Line. New York Times. 2015 Aug 27;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Int. Soc. Sports Nutr.
ISSN (online)1550-2783
ScopeFood Science
Nutrition and Dietetics

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