How to format your references using the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Trenberth KE. Changes in tropical clouds and radiation. Science. 2002;296:2095.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kai T, Spradling A. Differentiating germ cells can revert into functional stem cells in Drosophila melanogaster ovaries. Nature. 2004;428:564–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Shapiro JH, Venkatraman D, Wong FNC. Ghost imaging without discord. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1849.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ursin R, Jennewein T, Aspelmeyer M, Kaltenbaek R, Lindenthal M, Walther P, et al. Communications: quantum teleportation across the Danube. Nature. 2004;430:849.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Brandimarte P. Handbook in Monte Carlo Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Huang T, editor. Water Pollution and Water Quality Control of Selected Chinese Reservoir Basins. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Timmis J, Andrews P, Owens N, Clark E. Immune Systems and Computation: An Interdisciplinary Adventure. In: Calude CS, Costa JF, Freund R, Oswald M, Rozenberg G, editors. Unconventional Computing: 7th International Conference, UC 2008 Vienna, Austria, August 25-28, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 8–18.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. “Arctic Amplification” Caused Greenland To Set Melting Records In 2015 [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: HUD’s Expenditure Plan Satisfied Statutory Conditions; Sustained Controls and Modernization Approach Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Feb. Report No.: GAO-14-283.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Marmolejo R. Drop-in center for homeless veteran families: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Corkery M, Walsh MW. In Puerto Rico, Debt Is Called ‘Not Payable.’ New York Times. 2015 Jun 29;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Int. Soc. Sports Nutr.
ISSN (online)1550-2783
ScopeFood Science
Nutrition and Dietetics

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