How to format your references using the Economics of Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Binzel, R.P., 2012. Planetary science. A golden spike for planetary science. Science 338, 203–204.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anand, P., Chandra, N., 2014. Characterizing the pocketome of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and application in rationalizing polypharmacological target selection. Sci. Rep. 4, 6356.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bazzini, A.A., Lee, M.T., Giraldez, A.J., 2012. Ribosome profiling shows that miR-430 reduces translation before causing mRNA decay in zebrafish. Science 336, 233–237.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, B., Kwon, S., Mun, H., An, S., Jhe, W., 2014. Energy dissipation of nanoconfined hydration layer: long-range hydration on the hydrophilic solid surface. Sci. Rep. 4, 6499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, B.-C., 2008. Digital Signal Processing Techniques and Applications in Radar Image Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Agoulnik, A.I. (Ed.), 2007. Relaxin and Related Peptides, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Guyer, P., 2007. Natural Ends And The End Of Nature, in: Brain, R.M., Cohen, R.S., Knudsen, O. (Eds.), Hans Christian Ørsted And The Romantic Legacy In Science: Ideas, Disciplines, Practices. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 75–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Transportation.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Confirmed Continental Break-up Timeline Has Implications On Search For Extraterrestrial Life [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Environmental Satellites: Improvements Needed in NOAA’s Mitigation Strategies as It Prepares for Potential Satellite Coverage Gaps (No. GAO-15-386T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hardin, J., 2010. A study of social cognitive theory: The relationship between professional learning communities and collective teacher efficacy in international school settings (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Supreme Court Allows Arizona To Use New Voter-ID Procedure. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Binzel, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Anand and Chandra, 2014; Binzel, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anand and Chandra, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Transportation
AbbreviationEcon. Transp.
ISSN (print)2212-0122
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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