How to format your references using the Economics of Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, P., 2008. Water: water--an enduring mystery. Nature 452, 291–292.
A journal article with 2 authors
King, M.-C., Motulsky, A.G., 2002. Human genetics. Mapping human history. Science 298, 2342–2343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Drinnenberg, I.A., Fink, G.R., Bartel, D.P., 2011. Compatibility with killer explains the rise of RNAi-deficient fungi. Science 333, 1592.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Roach, P.J., Woodward, W.H., Castleman, A.W., Jr, Reber, A.C., Khanna, S.N., 2009. Complementary active sites cause size-selective reactivity of aluminum cluster anions with water. Science 323, 492–495.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hasslacher, C., Böhm, S., 2005. Diabetes and the Kidney. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Schalk, G., 2010. A Practical Guide to Brain–Computer Interfacing with BCI2000: General-Purpose Software for Brain–Computer Interface Research, Data Acquisition, Stimulus Presentation, and Brain Monitoring. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Gee, G., 2012. The Persistent Politics of Judicial Selection: A Comparative Analysis, in: Seibert-Fohr, A. (Ed.), Judicial Independence in Transition, Beiträge Zum Ausländischen Öffentlichen Recht Und Völkerrecht. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 121–145.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Transportation.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Astronomers Spot Planet Forming [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Information Technology: State Department Led Overseas Modernization Program Faces Management Challenges (No. GAO-02-41). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Love, K.S., 2010. Factors infleuncing job satisfaction in nurses (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. Framing a Statement. New York Times E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Ball, 2008; King and Motulsky, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (King and Motulsky, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Roach et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Transportation
AbbreviationEcon. Transp.
ISSN (print)2212-0122
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles