How to format your references using the Economics of Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, P., 2005. Amplifying the signal. Nature 435, 236.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heilbron, J.L., Bynum, W.F., 2001. 1901 and all that. Nature 409, 13–16.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nadler, J.W., Angelaki, D.E., DeAngelis, G.C., 2008. A neural representation of depth from motion parallax in macaque visual cortex. Nature 452, 642–645.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yoshimaru, T., Komatsu, M., Tashiro, E., Imoto, M., Osada, H., Miyoshi, Y., Honda, J., Sasa, M., Katagiri, T., 2014. Xanthohumol suppresses oestrogen-signalling in breast cancer through the inhibition of BIG3-PHB2 interactions. Sci. Rep. 4, 7355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paczosa, S., Peruchini, C., 2013. Selling Professional and Financial Services Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Blanke, C.D., Rödel, C., Talamonti, M.S. (Eds.), 2011. Gastrointestinal Oncology: A Practical Guide. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gaudenzi, B., 2009. Assessing Risks in Projects and Processes, in: Zsidisin, G.A., Ritchie, B. (Eds.), Supply Chain Risk: A Handbook of Assessment, Management, and Performance, International Series in Operations Research & Management Science. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 67–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Transportation.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Doubt Cast On Research Claiming Chimps Can Learn New “Accents” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. DOD Automated Systems Security Programs (No. LCD-79-109). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schoettler, M.R., 2017. A Publish-Subscribe Framework for Embedded Systems: Simplifying the Development Process (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2016. Jane Pauley to Anchor CBS’s ‘Sunday Morning.’ New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reif, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hauser, 2005; Smetacek, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heilbron and Bynum, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Transportation
AbbreviationEcon. Transp.
ISSN (print)2212-0122
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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