How to format your references using the Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tawfik DS (2006) Biochemistry. Loop grafting and the origins of enzyme species. Science 311:475–476
A journal article with 2 authors
Prado MTP, Cepeda-Jiménez CM (2015) Materials science: Strength ceiling smashed for light metals. Nature 528:486–487
A journal article with 3 authors
Li Y-L, Kinloch IA, Windle AH (2004) Direct spinning of carbon nanotube fibers from chemical vapor deposition synthesis. Science 304:276–278
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wiltshire MC, Pendry JB, Young IR, et al (2001) Microstructured magnetic materials for RF flux guides in magnetic resonance imaging. Science 291:849–851

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pierce DR (2013) Project Scheduling and Management for Construction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wang W (2015) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Mechatronics and Automatic Control. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Marková H, Kopecký M, Suchánek R (2016) The Process of Budgeting and Issues of Indebtedness in the Czech Republic. In: Morrison FL (ed) Fiscal Rules - Limits on Governmental Deficits and Debt. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 85–100

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Sensing Gravity With Acid. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) University Funding: Patterns of Distribution of Federal Research Funds to Universities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang T (2010) Trajectory Similarity Based Prediction for Remaining Useful Life Estimation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J (2017) Exxon Faults N.Y. Official Over Inquiry. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Solid State Electrochemistry
AbbreviationJ. Solid State Electrochem.
ISSN (print)1432-8488
ISSN (online)1433-0768
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles