How to format your references using the EJC Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EJC Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Melançon CE 3rd. Biochemistry: Elusive source of sulfur unravelled. Nature 2015;518:45–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Jucker M, Walker LC. Neurodegeneration: Amyloid-β pathology induced in humans. Nature 2015;525:193–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Hagan CL, Kim S, Kahne D. Reconstitution of outer membrane protein assembly from purified components. Science 2010;328:890–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Huang T, Sun L, Long N, Wang Y, Huang W. Penguin tissue as a proxy for relative krill abundance in East Antarctica during the Holocene. Sci Rep 2013;3:2807.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Tardu S. Statistical Approach to Wall Turbulence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Zhang C. Advances in Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering: Proceedings of 16th IAHR-APD Congress and 3rd Symposium of IAHR-ISHS. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Safa M, Samarasinghe S. Modelling Energy Use and Fuel Consumption in Wheat Production Using Indirect Factors and Artificial Neural Networks. In: Huang T, Zeng Z, Li C, Leung CS, editors. Neural Information Processing: 19th International Conference, ICONIP 2012, Doha, Qatar, November 12-15, 2012, Proceedings, Part II, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EJC Supplements.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. New Telescopes Reveal Io’s Lake Of Lava. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/fiery-new-details-revealed-about-ios-lava-lake/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Job Corps: Better Targeted Career Training and Improved Preenrollment Information Could Enhance Female Residential Student Recruitment and Retention. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lotrecchiano GR. Social Mechanisms of Team Science: A Descriptive Case Study Using a Multilevel Systems Perspective Employing Reciprocating Structuration Theory. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly R. Postmodern Conveniences. New York Times 2002:724.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEJC Supplements
AbbreviationEJC Suppl.
ISSN (print)1359-6349
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

Other styles