How to format your references using the EJC Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EJC Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gilbert D. Buried by bad decisions. Nature 2011;474:275–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Dubcovsky J, Dvorak J. Genome plasticity a key factor in the success of polyploid wheat under domestication. Science 2007;316:1862–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Langmore NE, Hunt S, Kilner RM. Escalation of a coevolutionary arms race through host rejection of brood parasitic young. Nature 2003;422:157–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Downing PE, Jiang Y, Shuman M, Kanwisher N. A cortical area selective for visual processing of the human body. Science 2001;293:2470–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Patterson SJ, Radtke JM. Strategic Communications for Nonprofit Organizations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
[1]
Faller R, Longo ML, Risbud SH, Jue T, editors. Biomembrane Frontiers: Nanostructures, Models, and the Design of Life. 1st ed. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Turechek WW. The practical considerations of scale in plant pathology. In: Cooke BM, editor. Plant disease epidemiology: facing challenges of the 21st Century: Under the aegis of an International Plant Disease Epidemiology Workshop held at Landernau, France, 10–15th April, 2005, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006, p. 53–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EJC Supplements.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Watch This Origami-Inspired Robot Walk Around. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/watch-origami-inspired-robot-walk-around/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highway Planning: Agencies Are Attempting to Expedite Environmental Reviews, but Barriers Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lovejoy LP. On the control of selective attention in the primate superior colliculus. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Meyer JA, Meyer LR. All Prosecution Is Local. New York Times 2007:CT15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEJC Supplements
AbbreviationEJC Suppl.
ISSN (print)1359-6349
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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