How to format your references using the EJC Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EJC Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnston AWB. BIOGEOCHEMISTRY. Who can cleave DMSP? Science 2015;348:1430–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith L, Dunn B. Batteries. Opening the window for aqueous electrolytes. Science 2015;350:918.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aguirre A, Rubio ME, Gallo V. Notch and EGFR pathway interaction regulates neural stem cell number and self-renewal. Nature 2010;467:323–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Theisen DJ, Davidson JT 4th, Briseño CG, Gargaro M, Lauron EJ, Wang Q, et al. WDFY4 is required for cross-presentation in response to viral and tumor antigens. Science 2018;362:694–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eidhammer I, Barsnes H, Eide GE, Martens L. Computational and Statistical Methods for Protein Quantification by Mass Spectrometry. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Cocchiarella L, editor. The Visual Language of Technique: Volume 2 - Heritage and Expectations in Research. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Yesilonis ID, Pouyat RV. Carbon Stocks in Urban Forest Remnants: Atlanta and Baltimore as Case Studies. In: Lal R, Augustin B, editors. Carbon Sequestration in Urban Ecosystems, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012, p. 103–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EJC Supplements.

Blog post
Taub B. Neanderthals May Have Held Fiery Funerals For Their Dead. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Department of Energy Does Not Effectively Manage Its Supercomputers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelleher A. Gendered Intent to Turnover Resulting from Workplace Bullying in Nursing and Medical Fields. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO, Schuessler J. Jane, Plain No More: A Year of Austen Glamour. New York Times 2013:C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEJC Supplements
AbbreviationEJC Suppl.
ISSN (print)1359-6349
ScopeCancer Research

Other styles