How to format your references using the EJC Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EJC Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weyer S. Geochemistry. What drives iron isotope fractionation in magma? Science 2008;320:1600–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mongiat LA, Schinder AF. Neuroscience. A price to pay for adult neurogenesis. Science 2014;344:594–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ford EB, Seager S, Turner EL. Characterization of extrasolar terrestrial planets from diurnal photometric variability. Nature 2001;412:885–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zuev PS, Sheridan RS, Albu TV, Truhlar DG, Hrovat DA, Borden WT. Carbon tunneling from a single quantum state. Science 2003;299:867–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Merrills J, Fisher J. Pharmacy Law and Practice. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Wolanski E, editor. The Environment in Asia Pacific Harbours. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Rapp DN. Mental Models: Theoretical Issues for Visualizations in Science Education. In: Gilbert JK, editor. Visualization in Science Education, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005, p. 43–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EJC Supplements.

Blog post
Andrew E. Parkinson’s Therapy Revived After 20 Years. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Army Airlift: Need To Use Air Lines of Communications for Essential Items. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheat BR. Effects of intercropping switchgrass in managed pine stands on plant communities and white-tailed deer forage production. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Court Blocks Plans for New Gas Plant in New Jersey. New York Times 2008:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEJC Supplements
AbbreviationEJC Suppl.
ISSN (print)1359-6349
ScopeCancer Research

Other styles