How to format your references using the Journal of Solid State Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Solid State Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.L. Allara, A perspective on surfaces and interfaces, Nature. 437 (2005) 638–639.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Yu, W.S. Broecker, Comment on “Deep-sea temperature and ice volume changes across the Pliocene-Pleistocene climate transitions,” Science. 328 (2010) 1480; author reply 1480.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Sakakura, A. Ukai, K. Ishihara, Enantioselective halocyclization of polyprenoids induced by nucleophilic phosphoramidites, Nature. 445 (2007) 900–903.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Q.-B. Lu, Y. Wo, L.-Y. Wang, H.-Y. Wang, D.-D. Huang, X.-A. Zhang, W. Liu, W.-C. Cao, Molecular epidemiology of human rhinovirus in children with acute respiratory diseases in Chongqing, China, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6686.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Jacquenet, G. Bourdon, M. Boucadair, Service Automation and Dynamic Provisioning Techniques in IP/MPLS Environments, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2008.
An edited book
I. Visconti, R.D. Prisco, eds., Security and Cryptography for Networks: 8th International Conference, SCN 2012, Amalfi, Italy, September 5-7, 2012. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
V. Dangol, H. Yagi, D. Higaki, Bhedetar Landslide, Eastern Nepal: Aftermath of the Sikkim Earthquake (18th September 2011), in: K. Ugai, H. Yagi, A. Wakai (Eds.), Earthquake-Induced Landslides: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Earthquake-Induced Landslides, Kiryu, Japan, 2012, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 31–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Solid State Chemistry.

Blog post
J. Fang, Century-Old Mystery of Epic Eel Migration Solved, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Air Traffic Control: Impact of Revised Personnel Relocation Policies Is Uncertain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.T. Le, Support group for women who experience perinatal loss: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Wines, J. Bosman, A ‘Passionate’ Seeker of Voter Fraud in Kansas Gets a National Soapbox, New York Times. (2017) A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Solid State Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Solid State Chem.
ISSN (print)0022-4596
ScopeInorganic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Ceramics and Composites
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles