How to format your references using the Journal of Solid State Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Solid State Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Friedman, The evolutionary origin of flatfish asymmetry, Nature. 454 (2008) 209–212.
A journal article with 2 authors
L.L. Lavier, G. Manatschal, A mechanism to thin the continental lithosphere at magma-poor margins, Nature. 440 (2006) 324–328.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Orlitsky, N.P. Santhanam, J. Zhang, Always Good Turing: asymptotically optimal probability estimation, Science. 302 (2003) 427–431.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Amrani, R. Ganesan, S. Kervestin, D.A. Mangus, S. Ghosh, A. Jacobson, A faux 3’-UTR promotes aberrant termination and triggers nonsense-mediated mRNA decay, Nature. 432 (2004) 112–118.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Chowdhury, Optimization and Business Improvement Studies in Upstream Oil and Gas Industry, John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
C.M. Becchi, An Introduction to Relativistic Processes and the Standard Model of Electroweak Interactions, 2nd ed. 2014, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
I.R. Kennedy, M. Kecskés, R. Deaker, R.J. Roughley, S. Marsh, M. Rose, A. Choudhury, N.T. Hien, P.T. Cong, P. Van Toan, T.T. Be, Plant Growth-Promoting Diazotrophs: Optimising their Role as Key Agents in Achieving More Efficient Nutrient Use by Field Crops, in: F.D. Dakora, S.B.M. Chimphango, A.J. Valentine, C. Elmerich, W.E. Newton (Eds.), Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Towards Poverty Alleviation through Sustainable Agriculture: Proceedings of the 15th International Nitrogen Fixation Congress and the 12th International Conference of the African Association for Biological Nitrogen Fixation, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2008: pp. 19–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Solid State Chemistry.

Blog post
J. Davis, Damage To Specific Site In The Brain May Be Linked To Religious Fundamentalism, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Acquisitions: Stronger Development Practices and Investment Planning Needed to Address Continuing Problems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.L. Rees, A systems-level investigation into the genetic determinants of childhood-onset schizophrenia, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, For Foods and ‘a Few Things,’ New York Times. (2009) NJ17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Solid State Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Solid State Chem.
ISSN (print)0022-4596
ScopeInorganic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Ceramics and Composites
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

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