How to format your references using the Journal of Solid State Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Solid State Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Hoshino, Space physics. Coupling across many scales, Science. 299 (2003) 834–835.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.T. Leek, R.D. Peng, Statistics. What is the question?, Science. 347 (2015) 1314–1315.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.M. McGraw, R.C. Samaco, H.Y. Zoghbi, Adult neural function requires MeCP2, Science. 333 (2011) 186.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z.-D. Gao, Y. Han, Y. Wang, J. Xu, Y.-Y. Song, One-step to prepare self-organized nanoporous NiO/TiO2 layers and its use in non-enzymatic glucose sensing, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3323.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Unhelkar, Verification and Validation for Quality of UML 2.0 Models, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
M. Chli, P. de Wilde, eds., Convergence and Knowledge Processing in Multi-Agent Systems, Springer, London, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
P.A. Salvadori, I radiofarmaci e la farmacopea, in: G. Lucignani (Ed.), Sperimentazione e Registrazione Dei Radiofarmaci: Normative e Procedure, Springer, Milano, 2013: pp. 47–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Solid State Chemistry.

Blog post
E. Andrew, How Do Parasites Control Their Hosts?, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Student Loans: Borrower Interest Rates Cannot Be Set in Advance to Precisely and Consistently Balance Federal Revenues and Costs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Lee, The Effects of Leadership Behavior on Workplace Harassment, Employee Outcomes, and Organizational Effectiveness in Small Businesses, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G.G. Gustines, Funny, but Not Funny Enough for The New Yorker, New York Times. (2017) C17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Solid State Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Solid State Chem.
ISSN (print)0022-4596
ScopeInorganic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Ceramics and Composites
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

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