How to format your references using the Journal of Solar Energy Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Solar Energy Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson, W. D., 2002, “Tech.Sight. Analyzing Biomolecular Interactions,” Science, 295(5562), pp. 2103–2105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fox, R. C., and Scott, C. S., 2005, “First Evidence of a Venom Delivery Apparatus in Extinct Mammals,” Nature, 435(7045), pp. 1091–1093.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Z.-Y., Sun, K.-D., and Wang, S.-Q., 2013, “Enhanced Community Structure Detection in Complex Networks with Partial Background Information,” Sci. Rep., 3, p. 3241.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Keegan, B. R., Feldman, J. L., Begemann, G., Ingham, P. W., and Yelon, D., 2005, “Retinoic Acid Signaling Restricts the Cardiac Progenitor Pool,” Science, 307(5707), pp. 247–249.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deacon, M., Derry, A., and Mirfendereski, D., 2004, Inflation-Indexed Securities, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Fahroo, F., Wang, L. Y., and Yin, G., eds., 2013, Recent Advances in Research on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hicks, G. R., 2005, “Nuclear Import of Plant Proteins,” Nuclear Import and Export in Plants and Animals, V. Citovsky, ed., Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 61–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Solar Energy Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015, “Infected Chimps May Carry Genes That Lessen the Impact of an HIV-Like Virus,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977, The Concorde: Results of a Supersonic Aircraft’s Entry into the United States, CED-77-131, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hasan, S. N., 2012, “Design and Optimization of 2012 Formula SAE Chassis with Finite Element Analysis for CSULB,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K., 2001, “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Hoisting The Sub, Slowly,” New York Times, p. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Solar Energy Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Sol. Energy Eng.
ISSN (print)0199-6231
ISSN (online)1528-8986
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles