How to format your references using the Journal of Solar Energy Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Solar Energy Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C., 2014, “Heritability: The Family Roots of Obesity,” Nature, 508(7496), pp. S58-60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, D., and Agha, L., 2015, “Research Funding. Big Names or Big Ideas: Do Peer-Review Panels Select the Best Science Proposals?,” Science, 348(6233), pp. 434–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vielle-Calzada, J. P., Baskar, R., and Grossniklaus, U., 2000, “Delayed Activation of the Paternal Genome during Seed Development,” Nature, 404(6773), pp. 91–94.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Georgiou, G., Tyagi, H. K., Mulder, P., Bauhuis, G. J., Schermer, J. J., and Rivas, J. G., 2014, “Photo-Generated THz Antennas,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 3584.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, W., and Wan, M., 2016, Milling Simulation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Keuper, F., Oecking, C., and Degenhardt, A., eds., 2011, Application Management: Challenges – Service Creation – Strategies, Gabler, Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Kersten, R., van Gastel, B., Drijvers, M., Smetsers, S., and van Eekelen, M., 2013, “Using Model-Checking to Reveal a Vulnerability of Tamper-Evident Pairing,” NASA Formal Methods: 5th International Symposium, NFM 2013, Moffett Field, CA, USA, May 14-16, 2013. Proceedings, G. Brat, N. Rungta, and A. Venet, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 63–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Solar Energy Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015, “Would You Wear An Engagement Ring Made Out Of Your Fiance’s Wisdom Tooth?,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009, District of Columbia Public Schools: Implementation and Sustainability of Reform Efforts Could Benefit From Enhanced Planning, GAO-09-902T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez Abadia, J. M., 2014, “French for Spanish Speakers: A Contrastive Study of English Monolingual, Bilingual, and Plurilingual Adult Learners of French,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017, “Astros Returning To Houston,” New York Times, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Solar Energy Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Sol. Energy Eng.
ISSN (print)0199-6231
ISSN (online)1528-8986
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles