How to format your references using the Journal of Solar Energy Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Solar Energy Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewis, N. S., 2007, “Toward Cost-Effective Solar Energy Use,” Science, 315(5813), pp. 798–801.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lazio, T. J. W., and LaRosa, T. N., 2005, “Astronomy. At the Heart of the Milky Way,” Science, 307(5710), pp. 686–687.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, M.-H., Wan, L.-Z., and Zhang, Y.-Q., 2014, “A Novel Sodium N-Fatty Acyl Amino Acid Surfactant Using Silkworm Pupae as Stock Material,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 4428.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schwartz, T., Bartal, G., Fishman, S., and Segev, M., 2007, “Transport and Anderson Localization in Disordered Two-Dimensional Photonic Lattices,” Nature, 446(7131), pp. 52–55.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunnivant, F. M., 2004, Environmental Laboratory Exercises for Instrumental Analysis and Environmental Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bereković, M., Dimopoulos, N., and Wong, S., eds., 2008, Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling, and Simulation: 8th International Workshop, SAMOS 2008, Samos, Greece, July 21-24, 2008. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kemp, M. C., and Binh, T.-N., 2009, “On Trade Gains and International Disparities in Factor Proportions,” International Trade and Economic Dynamics: Essays in Memory of Koji Shimomura, T. Kamihigashi, and L. Zhao, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 13–18.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Solar Energy Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016, “How To Get Into The World’s Top University: Oxford Reveals Its Interview Questions,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996, Aviation Security: Technology’s Role in Addressing Vulnerabilities, T-RCED/NSIAD-96-262, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Witvorapong, N., 2011, “The Dynamics of Living Arrangements Among the Elderly,” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017, “Fixing What Ain’t Broken,” New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Solar Energy Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Sol. Energy Eng.
ISSN (print)0199-6231
ISSN (online)1528-8986
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles