How to format your references using the Journal of Solar Energy Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Solar Energy Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jha, A., 2001, “Mass-Spectrometry Experience Is in Demand,” Nature, 410(6824), pp. 129–130.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carbone, F. R., and Gebhardt, T., 2014, “Immunology. A Neighborhood Watch Upholds Local Immune Protection,” Science, 346(6205), pp. 40–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cottam, J., Paerels, F., and Mendez, M., 2002, “Gravitationally Redshifted Absorption Lines in the X-Ray Burst Spectra of a Neutron Star,” Nature, 420(6911), pp. 51–54.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ma, D., Zerangue, N., Lin, Y. F., Collins, A., Yu, M., Jan, Y. N., and Jan, L. Y., 2001, “Role of ER Export Signals in Controlling Surface Potassium Channel Numbers,” Science, 291(5502), pp. 316–319.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Kelly, M., and Ratitch, B., 2014, Clinical Trials with Missing Data, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Magni, L., Raimondo, D. M., and Allgöwer, F., eds., 2009, Nonlinear Model Predictive Control: Towards New Challenging Applications, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gil-Perotín, S., García-Verdugo, J. M., and Álvarez-Buylla, A., 2009, “Oncogenesis vs. Neurogenesis,” Identification and Characterization of Neural Progenitor Cells in the Adult Mammalian Brain, A. Alvarez-Buylla, and S. Gil-Perotín, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 63–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Solar Energy Engineering.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016, “Explainer: Where Did Zika Virus Come From And Why Is It A Problem In Brazil?,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987, Attack Warning: ADP and Communication Modernization Programs for Warning and Assessment, IMTEC-87-23FS, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ghadimian, V., 2017, “Renewable Energy Marketplace,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M., 2017, “Agents Describe Search For Chelsea Bomb Pieces,” New York Times, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Solar Energy Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Sol. Energy Eng.
ISSN (print)0199-6231
ISSN (online)1528-8986
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles