How to format your references using the Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Cassou C. Intraseasonal interaction between the Madden-Julian Oscillation and the North Atlantic Oscillation. Nature. 2008 Sep;455(7212):523–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Kueh HY, Mitchison TJ. Structural plasticity in actin and tubulin polymer dynamics. Science. 2009 Aug;325(5943):960–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Makarieva AM, Gorshkov VG, Li B-L. Comment on “Energy uptake and allocation during ontogeny.” Science. 2009 Sep;325(5945):1206; author reply 1206.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Lata S, Schoehn G, Jain A, Pires R, Piehler J, Gottlinger HG, et al. Helical structures of ESCRT-III are disassembled by VPS4. Science. 2008 Sep;321(5894):1354–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Holzer SM. Statische Beurteilung Historischer Tragwerke. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
1
Franconi E, Kifer M, May W, editors. The Semantic Web: Research and Applications: 4th European Semantic Web Conference, ESWC 2007, Innsbruck, Austria, June 3-7, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Kim J-B, Sells P, Yang J. A Computational Implementation of Internally Headed Relative Clause Constructions. In: Salakoski T, Ginter F, Pyysalo S, Pahikkala T, editors. Advances in Natural Language Processing: 5th International Conference on NLP, FinTAL 2006 Turku, Finland, August 23-25, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006; pp 24–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Two-Headed Snake Discovered in Turkey [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Sep [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/two-headed-snake-discovered-turkey/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Review of the Administration of Research and Demonstration Grants by the Rehabilitation Services Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Chen MS. Emergency shelter for abused and neglected elders A grant proposal project. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times. 2017 Apr;C27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFetal Diagnosis and Therapy
AbbreviationFetal Diagn. Ther.
ISSN (print)1015-3837
ISSN (online)1421-9964
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Embryology
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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