How to format your references using the Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Blanke SR: Cell biology. Expanding functionality within the looking-glass universe. Science 2009;325:1505–1506.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Zuber MT, Garrick-Bethell I: Planetary science. What do we need to know to land on the Moon again? Science 2005;310:983–985.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Maret S, Bergin EA, Lada CJ: A low fraction of nitrogen in molecular form in a dark cloud. Nature 2006;442:425–427.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Orlando DA, Lin CY, Bernard A, Wang JY, Socolar JES, Iversen ES, et al.: Global control of cell-cycle transcription by coupled CDK and network oscillators. Nature 2008;453:944–947.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Bernatz RA: Fourier Series and Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
1
Stephanidis C (ed): HCI International 2014 - Posters’ Extended Abstracts: International Conference, HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014. Proceedings, Part II. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Ilg P, Odenbach S: Ferrofluid Structure and Rheology; in Odenbach S (ed): Colloidal Magnetic Fluids: Basics, Development and Application of Ferrofluids. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2009, pp 1–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy.

Blog post
1
Andrew E: The Pressure’s On To Save Our Rarest Primate. IFLScience 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/pressures-save-our-rarest-primate/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office: Troops to Teachers: Program Helped Address Teacher Shortages. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Hylton JK: Scatter; Or, A Series or Minor Inconveniences 2016;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Dinardo K: Jim Gaffigan, on Traveling With Young Children. New York Times 2015;TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFetal Diagnosis and Therapy
AbbreviationFetal Diagn. Ther.
ISSN (print)1015-3837
ISSN (online)1421-9964
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Embryology
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles