How to format your references using the Journal of Soil and Water Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Soil and Water Conservation (JSWC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carslaw, K. 2009. Atmospheric physics: Cosmic rays, clouds and climate. Nature 460(7253):332–333.
A journal article with 2 authors
Damasio, A., and K. Meyer. 2008. Behind the looking-glass. Nature 454(7201):167–168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shekhawat, G., S.-H. Tark, and V. P. Dravid. 2006. MOSFET-Embedded microcantilevers for measuring deflection in biomolecular sensors. Science (New York, N.Y.) 311(5767):1592–1595.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Johnston, A. M., J. A. Raven, J. Beardall, and R. C. Leegood. 2001. Carbon fixation. Photosynthesis in a marine diatom. Nature 412(6842):40–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sturges, R. H., Jr. 2014. Practical Field Robotics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Harriss-White, B., ed. 2016. Middle India and Urban-Rural Development: Four Decades of Change. 1st ed. 2016. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Khare, S., P. Katre, and S. Galande. 2016. Epigenetic Regulation of Islet Development and Regeneration. In Pancreatic Islet Biology, ed. A. A. Hardikar, 83–109. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Soil and Water Conservation.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2015, October 22. This Woman Can Smell Parkinson’s Disease. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Federal Lands: Enhanced Planning Could Assist Agencies in Managing Increased Use of Off-Highway Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wonnacott, C. J. 2017. Ambiguity in Theory and Neutrality in Practice: The Allied Intervention and the American Expeditionary Force in Siberia. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., and J. Coscarelli. 2017, May 2. Fyre Festival Organizers Face Wrath of Attendees. New York Times (May 2, 2017):B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carslaw 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Damasio and Meyer 2008, Carslaw 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Damasio and Meyer 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Johnston et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Soil and Water Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Soil Water Conserv.
ISSN (print)0022-4561
ISSN (online)1941-3300
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Water Science and Technology

Other styles