How to format your references using the Journal of Soil and Water Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Soil and Water Conservation (JSWC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Couzin-Frankel, J. 2015. Clinical trials. Researchers seek clear reasons when clinical trials end early. Science (New York, N.Y.) 349(6245):222.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wood, B. J., and A. N. Halliday. 2010. The lead isotopic age of the Earth can be explained by core formation alone. Nature 465(7299):767–770.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, S.-C., Y.-C. Lo, and H. Wu. 2010. Helical assembly in the MyD88-IRAK4-IRAK2 complex in TLR/IL-1R signalling. Nature 465(7300):885–890.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thomas, P. C., M. C. Malin, K. S. Edgett, M. H. Carr, W. K. Hartmann, A. P. Ingersoll, P. B. James, L. A. Soderblom, J. Veverka, and R. Sullivan. 2000. North-south geological differences between the residual polar caps on Mars. Nature 404(6774):161–164.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Christophers, B. 2013. Banking Across Boundaries. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Konsorski-Lang, S., and M. Hampe, eds. 2010. The Design of Material, Organism, and Minds: Different Understandings of Design. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gjedde, A., W. R. Bauer, and D. F. Wong. 2011. Blood–Brain Transfer and Metabolism of Oxygen. In Neurokinetics: The Dynamics of Neurobiology in Vivo, ed. W. R. Bauer and D. F. Wong, 153–176. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Soil and Water Conservation.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2017, February 17. Oxygen Levels In The Ocean Have Dropped Due To Climate Change. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Impacts of Education Reform. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, V. 2010. The relationship between visit to a doctor and the health behaviors of children. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. 2017, July 9. As Injury Carousel Spins, the Mets Keep Reeling. New York Times (July 9, 2017):SP4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hawkins 2015).
This sentence cites two references (MacWilliams 2003, Allen 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wood and Halliday 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Cook et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Soil and Water Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Soil Water Conserv.
ISSN (print)0022-4561
ISSN (online)1941-3300
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Water Science and Technology

Other styles