How to format your references using the Journal of Soil and Water Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Soil and Water Conservation (JSWC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Osborne, I. S. 2001. The attraction of magnetism. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294(5546):1483.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thébault, E., and C. Fontaine. 2010. Stability of ecological communities and the architecture of mutualistic and trophic networks. Science (New York, N.Y.) 329(5993):853–856.
A journal article with 3 authors
Faller, M., M. Niederweis, and G. E. Schulz. 2004. The structure of a mycobacterial outer-membrane channel. Science (New York, N.Y.) 303(5661):1189–1192.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jiang, Y. J., B. L. Aerne, L. Smithers, C. Haddon, D. Ish-Horowicz, and J. Lewis. 2000. Notch signalling and the synchronization of the somite segmentation clock. Nature 408(6811):475–479.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hayward, A., and F. Weare. 2010. Steel Detailers’ Manual. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Neto, M. A. 2015. Engineering Computation of Structures: The Finite Element Method. (A. Amaro, L. Roseiro, J. Cirne, and R. Leal, Eds.) 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Madan, V. 2009. Environmental Risk Factors for Non-Melanoma Skin Cancers. In Non-Surgical Treatment of Keratinocyte Skin Cancer, ed. G. B. E. Jemec, L. Kemeny, and D. Miech, 39–50. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Soil and Water Conservation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, June 23. New Guinea Flatworm, one of the Worst Known Invasive Species, Found in US. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Need for Full Cost Reporting and Participating Agreement on SEASAT-A Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frieberg, A. 2008. The Project of Reconciliation: Journalists and religious activists in Polish -German relations, 1956–1972. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. 1993, December 26. PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times (December 26, 1993):139.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Osborne 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Osborne 2001, Thébault and Fontaine 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thébault and Fontaine 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Soil and Water Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Soil Water Conserv.
ISSN (print)0022-4561
ISSN (online)1941-3300
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Water Science and Technology

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