How to format your references using the Journal of Soil and Water Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Soil and Water Conservation (JSWC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zahnle, K. 2001. Decline and fall of the empire. Nature 412(6843):209–213.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stewart, J. R., and C. B. Stringer. 2012. Human evolution out of Africa: the role of refugia and climate change. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335(6074):1317–1321.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hori, S., T. Nomura, and S. Sakaguchi. 2003. Control of regulatory T cell development by the transcription factor Foxp3. Science (New York, N.Y.) 299(5609):1057–1061.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kelly, B. C., M. G. Ikonomou, J. D. Blair, A. E. Morin, and F. A. P. C. Gobas. 2007. Food web-specific biomagnification of persistent organic pollutants. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317(5835):236–239.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hammes, G. G. 2005. Spectroscopy for the Biological Sciences. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kolossa, D., and R. Häb-Umbach, eds. 2011. Robust Speech Recognition of Uncertain or Missing Data: Theory and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schaffer, S., E. Kearney, S. C. Voelpel, and R. Koester. 2012. Managing demographic change and diversity in organizations: how feedback from coworkers moderates the relationship between age and innovative work behavior. In Managing Diversity in Organizations, ed. B. Beham, C. Straub, and J. Schwalbach, 45–68. Wiesbaden: Gabler Verlag.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Soil and Water Conservation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014, December 11. Two Species of Blind ‘Pseudoscorpions’ Discovered In Grand Canyon Cave. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. School Facilities: Profiles of School Condition by State. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vundavilli, R. 2014. Bubble Removal in Microfluidic Devices Using Nanofibrous Membranes. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. 2005, March 24. Arts, Briefly; Bolshoi Opens Controversial Opera. New York Times (March 24, 2005):E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zahnle 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Zahnle 2001, Stewart and Stringer 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stewart and Stringer 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kelly et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Soil and Water Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Soil Water Conserv.
ISSN (print)0022-4561
ISSN (online)1941-3300
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Water Science and Technology

Other styles