How to format your references using the Journal of Soil and Water Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Soil and Water Conservation (JSWC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mango, S. E. 2011. Ageing: generations of longevity. Nature 479(7373):302–303.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cobey, S., and M. Lipsitch. 2012. Niche and neutral effects of acquired immunity permit coexistence of pneumococcal serotypes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335(6074):1376–1380.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu, J., W.-H. Li, and C.-I. Wu. 2003. Comment on “Chromosomal speciation and molecular divergence-accelerated evolution in rearranged chromosomes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302(5647):988; author reply 988.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Burgdorf, S., A. Kautz, V. Böhnert, P. A. Knolle, and C. Kurts. 2007. Distinct pathways of antigen uptake and intracellular routing in CD4 and CD8 T cell activation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316(5824):612–616.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Metzger, R. M. 2012. The Physical Chemist’s Toolbox. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Böckh, P. von. 2012. Heat Transfer: Basics and Practice. (T. Wetzel, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Barras, B., C. Tankink, and E. Tassi. 2015. Asynchronous Processing of Coq Documents: From the Kernel up to the User Interface. In Interactive Theorem Proving: 6th International Conference, ITP 2015, Nanjing, China, August 24-27, 2015, Proceedings, ed. C. Urban and X. Zhang, 51–66. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Soil and Water Conservation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, July 14. Tiny Beating Hearts Grown In The Lab. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Commercial Space Transportation: Development of the Commercial Space Launch Industry Presents Safety Oversight Challenges for FAA and Raises Issues Affecting Federal Roles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray, R. W. 2010. The Florida Migrant Education Program: An analysis of programmatic and expenditure practices. Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2006, May 16. Justices Uphold State Rules In Decision on Dam Licenses. New York Times (May 16, 2006):A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mango 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Mango 2011, Cobey and Lipsitch 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cobey and Lipsitch 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Burgdorf et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Soil and Water Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Soil Water Conserv.
ISSN (print)0022-4561
ISSN (online)1941-3300
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Water Science and Technology

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