How to format your references using the Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kruzic, Jamie J. 2009. “Materials Science. Predicting Fatigue Failures.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325 (5937): 156–158.
A journal article with 2 authors
Čorić, Ilija, and Benjamin List. 2012. “Asymmetric Spiroacetalization Catalysed by Confined Brønsted Acids.” Nature 483 (7389): 315–319.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weis, P., T. Driesner, and C. A. Heinrich. 2012. “Porphyry-Copper Ore Shells Form at Stable Pressure-Temperature Fronts within Dynamic Fluid Plumes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 (6114): 1613–1616.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Stevens, J. A., R. J. Ivison, J. S. Dunlop, Ian R. Smail, W. J. Percival, D. H. Hughes, H. J. A. Röttgering, W. J. M. Van Breugel, and M. Reuland. 2003. “The Formation of Cluster Elliptical Galaxies as Revealed by Extensive Star Formation.” Nature 425 (6955): 264–267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hein, Hubert, and Wolfgang Kunze. 2005. Umweltanalytik Mit Spektrometrie Und Chromatographie. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Zeng, Rui, ed. 2016. Graphics-Sequenced Interpretation of ECG. 1st ed. 2016. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zrodnikov, Anatoly, Valeriy Korobeynikov, Alexander Chebeskov, and Boris Tikhomirov. 2006. “MULTI-ATTRIBUTE ANALYSIS OF NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE RESISTANCE TO NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROLIFERATION.” In Countering Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism, edited by Samuel Apikyan and David Diamond, 63–84. NATO Security through Science Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. “Racism And Sexism Could Be ‘Unlearnt’ During Sleep.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Indian Affairs: Key Actions Needed to Ensure Safety and Health at Indian School Facilities. GAO-16-391T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ashirgade, Akshay. 2010. “Mechanistic Study of the Rubber-Brass Adhesion Interphase.” Doctoral dissertation, Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Biillard, Mary. 2010. “Listen Up, but Good.” New York Times, May 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kruzic 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kruzic 2009; Čorić and List 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Čorić and List 2012)
  • Three authors: (Weis, Driesner, and Heinrich 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Stevens et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeorisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards
ISSN (print)1749-9518
ISSN (online)1749-9526
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Civil and Structural Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Building and Construction

Other styles