How to format your references using the Australian Planner citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Planner. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thomas, Clare. 2011. “Cardiovascular Biology.” Nature 473 (7347): 297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Savill, J., and V. Fadok. 2000. “Corpse Clearance Defines the Meaning of Cell Death.” Nature 407 (6805): 784–788.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyce, Daniel G., Marlon R. Lewis, and Boris Worm. 2010. “Global Phytoplankton Decline over the Past Century.” Nature 466 (7306): 591–596.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mitrović, V. F., E. E. Sigmund, M. Eschrig, H. N. Bachman, W. P. Halperin, A. P. Reyes, P. Kuhns, and W. G. Moulton. 2001. “Spatially Resolved Electronic Structure inside and Outside the Vortex Cores of a High-Temperature Superconductor.” Nature 413 (6855): 501–504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wassenaar, Trudy M. 2011. Bacteria. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Woyshner, Christine, ed. 2014. Leaders in Social Education: Intellectual Self-Portraits. Leaders in Educational Studies. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Eschauzier, Christian, Pim de Voogt, Heinz-Jürgen Brauch, and Frank Thomas Lange. 2012. “Polyfluorinated Chemicals in European Surface Waters, Ground- and Drinking Waters.” In Polyfluorinated Chemicals and Transformation Products, edited by Thomas P. Knepper and Frank T. Lange, 73–102. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Planner.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2015. “Morocco Will Have 24/7 Solar Power By 2017.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. ADP System: Patent Office’s Contract Renegotiation Behind Schedule. IMTEC-87-35. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lutchman, Chitram. 2008. “Leadership Impact on Turnover among Power Engineers in the Oil Sands of Alberta.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, Michael. 2017. “On Gun Ownership, and Attitudes, in America.” New York Times, June 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thomas 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Thomas 2011; Savill and Fadok 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Savill and Fadok 2000)
  • Three authors: (Boyce, Lewis, and Worm 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Mitrović et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Planner
ISSN (print)0729-3682
ISSN (online)2150-6841
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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