How to format your references using the Australian Planner citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Planner. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coscia, Michele. 2014. “Average Is Boring: How Similarity Kills a Meme’s Success.” Scientific Reports 4 (September): 6477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brooks, T., and M. L. Smith. 2001. “Ecology. Caribbean Catastrophes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5546): 1469–1471.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burke, Marshall, Solomon M. Hsiang, and Edward Miguel. 2015. “Global Non-Linear Effect of Temperature on Economic Production.” Nature 527 (7577): 235–239.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yang-Hartwich, Yang, Marta Gurrea-Soteras, Natalia Sumi, Won Duk Joo, Jennie C. Holmberg, Vinicius Craveiro, Ayesha B. Alvero, and Gil Mor. 2014. “Ovulation and Extra-Ovarian Origin of Ovarian Cancer.” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 6116.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wood, Tony, Matthew Anderson, and Foresight Analytics. 2010. The Commercial Real Estate Tsunami. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kireyev, Dmitriy, and Judy Hung, eds. 2016. Cardiac Imaging in Clinical Practice. 1st ed. 2016. In Clinical Practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Notari, Michele P., Michael Hielscher, and Mark King. 2016. “Educational Apps Ontology.” In Mobile Learning Design: Theories and Application, edited by Daniel Churchill, Jie Lu, Thomas K. F. Chiu, and Bob Fox, 83–96. Lecture Notes in Educational Technology. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Planner.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “Light From 12 BILLION Year Old Explosion Reaches Earth.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Lack of Accountability for Computer Equipment Leaves These Assets Vulnerable to Loss or Misappropriation. GAO-04-520R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pyzdrowski, John E. 2017. “Experiences of Advisors/Mentors in Developing Leadership Emergence in a Post Conflict, Marginalized Society: A Phenomenological Study.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, George. 2014. “A Tumor, the Embryo’s Evil Twin.” New York Times, March 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coscia 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Coscia 2014; Brooks and Smith 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brooks and Smith 2001)
  • Three authors: (Burke, Hsiang, and Miguel 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yang-Hartwich et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Planner
ISSN (print)0729-3682
ISSN (online)2150-6841
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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