How to format your references using the Australian Planner citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Planner. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Danzon, Patricia M. 2007. “At What Price?” Nature 449 (7159): 176–179.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, Freda D., and David R. Kaplan. 2002. “Neurobiology. TRK Makes the Retrograde.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5559): 1471–1473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Muchnik, Lev, Sinan Aral, and Sean J. Taylor. 2013. “Social Influence Bias: A Randomized Experiment.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341 (6146): 647–651.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Li, Xiaozhen, Tie-Qiang Li, Niels Andreasen, Maria Kristoffersen Wiberg, Eric Westman, and Lars-Olof Wahlund. 2013. “Ratio of Aβ42/P-Tau181p in CSF Is Associated with Aberrant Default Mode Network in AD.” Scientific Reports 3: 1339.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wartenberg, Thomas E. 2013. A Sneetch Is a Sneetch and Other Philosophical Discoveries. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Mauskopf, Seymour, and Tad Schmaltz, eds. 2012. Integrating History and Philosophy of Science: Problems and Prospects. Vol. 263. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Johnson, Markes E., and B. Gudveig Baarli. 2012. “Development of Intertidal Biotas Through Phanerozoic Time.” In Earth and Life: Global Biodiversity, Extinction Intervals and Biogeographic Perturbations Through Time, edited by John A. Talent, 63–128. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Planner.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2016. “Artificial Sweeteners Increase Flies’ Appetites.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Aviation Competition: Issues Related to the Proposed United Airlines-US Airways Merger. GAO-01-212. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Faughn, Carley E. 2014. “Social and Physical Cognition in Chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes ): Preliminary Investigation of Domain-General versus Domain-Specific Intelligence.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, Mary J. O. 2015. “Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times.” New York Times, April 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Danzon 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Danzon 2007; Miller and Kaplan 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miller and Kaplan 2002)
  • Three authors: (Muchnik, Aral, and Taylor 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Planner
ISSN (print)0729-3682
ISSN (online)2150-6841
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

Other styles