How to format your references using the Australian Planner citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Planner. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leary, R. H. 2001. “Energy Landscapes. Flirting with Catastrophe.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5537): 2013–2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer, Margaret A., and Solange Filoso. 2009. “Restoration of Ecosystem Services for Environmental Markets.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325 (5940): 575–576.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seymour, Roger S., Craig R. White, and Marc Gibernau. 2003. “Environmental Biology: Heat Reward for Insect Pollinators.” Nature 426 (6964): 243–244.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hermosura, M. C., H. Takeuchi, A. Fleig, A. M. Riley, B. V. Potter, M. Hirata, and R. Penner. 2000. “InsP4 Facilitates Store-Operated Calcium Influx by Inhibition of InsP3 5-Phosphatase.” Nature 408 (6813): 735–740.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pan, Yi, Jianxin Wang, and Min Li. 2013. Algorithmic and Artificial Intelligence Methods for Protein Bioinformatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Marx, Dániel, and Peter Rossmanith, eds. 2012. Parameterized and Exact Computation: 6th International Symposium, IPEC 2011, Saarbrücken, Germany, September 6-8, 2011. Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 7112. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kubicek, Herbert, Ralf Cimander, and Hans Jochen Scholl. 2011. “Selection and Classification of Case Studies.” In Organizational Interoperability in E-Government: Lessons from 77 European Good-Practice Cases, edited by Ralf Cimander and Hans Jochen Scholl, 65–70. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Planner.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “How To Make Sure You’ll Have Tall, Healthy Kids.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. UMTA’s Research and Development Program Should Pay Closer Attention to Transit Industry Needs. CED-82-17. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, Benjamin. 2013. “Analysis of Hydraulic and Financial Operations of a Recycled Water System: A Case Study of the Orange County Water District’s Green Acres Project.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, David. 2003. “It’s 8 O’Clock. Time for the Penguin to Explode.” New York Times, December 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leary 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Leary 2001; Palmer and Filoso 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palmer and Filoso 2009)
  • Three authors: (Seymour, White, and Gibernau 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hermosura et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Planner
ISSN (print)0729-3682
ISSN (online)2150-6841
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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