How to format your references using the Australian Planner citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Planner. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Travesset, Alex. 2011. “Materials Science. Self-Assembly Enters the Design Era.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 (6053): 183–184.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frank, Thomas, and Rainer W. Friedrich. 2015. “Neurobiology: Individuality Sniffed out in Flies.” Nature 526 (7572): 200–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bose, Himangshu S., Vishwanath R. Lingappa, and Walter L. Miller. 2002. “Rapid Regulation of Steroidogenesis by Mitochondrial Protein Import.” Nature 417 (6884): 87–91.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cha, Tai-Lung, Binhua P. Zhou, Weiya Xia, Yadi Wu, Cheng-Chieh Yang, Chun-Te Chen, Bo Ping, Arie P. Otte, and Mien-Chie Hung. 2005. “Akt-Mediated Phosphorylation of EZH2 Suppresses Methylation of Lysine 27 in Histone H3.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5746): 306–310.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lamperti, John W. 1996. Probability: A Survey of the Mathematical Theory. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Priami, Corrado, ed. 2008. Transactions on Computational Systems Biology IX. Vol. 5121. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Woolley, Jennifer L. 2014. “Opportunities for Social Value Creation Across Supply Chain Interactions.” In Emerging Research Directions in Social Entrepreneurship, edited by Larry Pate and Charles Wankel, 51–66. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Planner.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “7 Myths About How To Stay In Shape.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Internet Infrastructure: Challenges in Developing a Public/Private Recovery Plan. GAO-08-212T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, Ruth E. 2012. “Examining the Relationship between Self-Initiated Expatriation and Cross-Cultural Adjustment among Expatriate Spouses within Nonprofit Organizations: A Quantitative Causal-Comparative Study.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hay, George. 2011. “Measuring Risks at Europe’s Banks.” New York Times, November 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Travesset 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Travesset 2011; Frank and Friedrich 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frank and Friedrich 2015)
  • Three authors: (Bose, Lingappa, and Miller 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Cha et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Planner
ISSN (print)0729-3682
ISSN (online)2150-6841
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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