How to format your references using the Australian Planner citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Planner. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stokstad, E. 2000. “PALEONTOLOGY: Fossils Made to Order, Any Size.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 288 (5472): 1729.
A journal article with 2 authors
King-Jones, Kirst, and Carl S. Thummel. 2005. “Developmental Biology. Less Steroids Make Bigger Flies.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5748): 630–631.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coumou, Dim, Jascha Lehmann, and Johanna Beckmann. 2015. “Climate Change. The Weakening Summer Circulation in the Northern Hemisphere Mid-Latitudes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6232): 324–327.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Adams, William M., Dan Brockington, Jane Dyson, and Bhaskar Vira. 2003. “Managing Tragedies: Understanding Conflict over Common Pool Resources.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5652): 1915–1916.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Démoulin, Bernard, and Philippe Besnier. 2011. Electromagnetic Reverberation Chambers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Masoudi-Nejad, Ali. 2013. Next Generation Sequencing and Sequence Assembly: Methodologies and Algorithms. Edited by Zahra Narimani and Nazanin Hosseinkhan. Vol. 4. SpringerBriefs in Systems Biology. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cummins, Robert A. 2013. “Subjective Well-Being, Homeostatically Protected Mood and Depression: A Synthesis.” In The Exploration of Happiness: Present and Future Perspectives, edited by Antonella Delle Fave, 77–95. Happiness Studies Book Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Planner.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Check Out This Awesome View From a Blue Whale’s Back.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Information Technology Reform: Progress Made but Future Cloud Computing Efforts Should Be Better Planned. GAO-12-756. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kyriacou, Andreas. 2011. “A Method of Verification of the Total Treatment Time for the APBI (Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation) Devices: Contura Multilumen Balloon and SAVI Applicator.” Doctoral dissertation, Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schlossberg, Tatiana, and Hiroko Tabuchi. 2017. “Settlements for Company Sins Can No Longer Aid Other Projects.” New York Times, June 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stokstad 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Stokstad 2000; King-Jones and Thummel 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (King-Jones and Thummel 2005)
  • Three authors: (Coumou, Lehmann, and Beckmann 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Adams et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Planner
ISSN (print)0729-3682
ISSN (online)2150-6841
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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