How to format your references using the European Journal of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Howard, A., 2014. Building the bionic woman. Science 346, 274.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nesbit, J., Bradford, M., 2007. 2007 visualization challenge. Science 317, 1857.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giles, S., Friedman, M., Brazeau, M.D., 2015. Osteichthyan-like cranial conditions in an Early Devonian stem gnathostome. Nature 520, 82–85.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Almaas, E., Kovács, B., Vicsek, T., Oltvai, Z.N., Barabási, A.-L., 2004. Global organization of metabolic fluxes in the bacterium Escherichia coli. Nature 427, 839–843.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, M., Bieker, G., 2009. Mastering. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Lal, R., Kraybill, D., Hansen, D.O., Singh, B.R., Mosogoya, T., Eik, L.O. (Eds.), 2016. Climate Change and Multi-Dimensional Sustainability in African Agriculture: Climate Change and Sustainability in Agriculture. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Benz, W., 2006. Hyperbolic Geometry, Dimension-Free, in: Prékopa, A., Molnár, E. (Eds.), Non-Euclidean Geometries: János Bolyai Memorial Volume, Mathematics and Its Applications. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 97–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Cadaver Study Suggests Fist Fighting Could Have Played A Role In Hand Evolution [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Recommendation for Improving Testing of EF-111A Tactical Jamming System (No. PSAD-78-130). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weisblatt, B.H., 2010. The numinous on Russian soil: A depth psychological interpretation of religious experience in “The Brothers Karamazov” (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S.R., 2013. Bonjour, America! New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Howard, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Howard, 2014; Nesbit and Bradford, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nesbit and Bradford, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Almaas et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
AbbreviationEur. J. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0014-2999

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