How to format your references using the European Journal of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel, J.M., 2005. Clues to the functions of mammalian sleep. Nature 437, 1264–1271.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alkhatib, A., Nayfeh, A., 2013. A complete physical germanium-on-silicon quantum dot self-assembly process. Sci. Rep. 3, 2099.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, C., Wang, P., Makse, H.A., 2008. A phase diagram for jammed matter. Nature 453, 629–632.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Choe, K.-M., Werner, T., Stöven, S., Hultmark, D., Anderson, K.V., 2002. Requirement for a peptidoglycan recognition protein (PGRP) in Relish activation and antibacterial immune responses in Drosophila. Science 296, 359–362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, S.M., 2009. Controllership. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lebedev, V., Shiltsev, V. (Eds.), 2014. Accelerator Physics at the Tevatron Collider, Particle Acceleration and Detection. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Fukumoto, S., Yamada, A., Iwamoto, T., Nakamura, T., 2010. Dental epithelium proliferation and differentiation regulated by ameloblastin, in: Sasano, T., Suzuki, O. (Eds.), Interface Oral Health Science 2009. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 33–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pharmacology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Astronomers Watch The Same Star Explode Over And Over Again Thanks To Gravitational Lensing [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Abstinence Education: Efforts to Assess the Accuracy and Effectiveness of Federally Funded Programs (No. GAO-07-87). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zamora, L., 2017. Azura digital health: Scheduling application and prescription service for women’s health (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2007. Village Wants Restaurant Wastewater Degreased. New York Times 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buston, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Begelman, 2009; Martin, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alkhatib and Nayfeh, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Jackson et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
AbbreviationEur. J. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0014-2999

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