How to format your references using the European Journal of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V., 2008. The art of self-defence. Nature 452, 498–500.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greene, C.H., Pershing, A.J., 2007. Oceans. Climate drives sea change. Science 315, 1084–1085.
A journal article with 3 authors
Greiner, M., Regal, C.A., Jin, D.S., 2003. Emergence of a molecular Bose-Einstein condensate from a Fermi gas. Nature 426, 537–540.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bose, A., Guilherme, A., Robida, S.I., Nicoloro, S.M.C., Zhou, Q.L., Jiang, Z.Y., Pomerleau, D.P., Czech, M.P., 2002. Glucose transporter recycling in response to insulin is facilitated by myosin Myo1c. Nature 420, 821–824.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bannwarth, H., 2005. Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps, Compressors and Systems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Carey, F.A., 2007. Advanced Organic Chemistry: Part B: Reactions and Synthesis, 5th ed, Advanced Organic Chemistry. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, L., Wong, P.K., 2006. Entrepreneurship Education—A Compendium of Related Issues, in: Parker, S. (Ed.), The Life Cycle of Entrepreneurial Ventures, International Handbook Series on Entrepreneurship. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 79–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. New Image Reveals Violent Collision of Galaxies [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Information Technology: Status and Challenges of Employee Exchange Program (No. GAO-07-216). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blalock, J.M., 2014. The Links at St Andrews, Scotland A phenomenological hermeneutic exploration of golf’s primordial place (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., 2017. ‘A Doll’s House, Part 2’ Is Closing on Broadway. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin, 2008; Greene and Pershing, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greene and Pershing, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Bose et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
AbbreviationEur. J. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0014-2999

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