How to format your references using the European Journal of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Becker, T., 2010. Geophysics. Fine-scale modeling of global plate tectonics. Science 329, 1020–1021.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsuchiya, T., Eulgem, T., 2013. Mutations in EDM2 selectively affect silencing states of transposons and induce plant developmental plasticity. Sci. Rep. 3, 1701.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fiske, S.T., Harris, L.T., Cuddy, A.J.C., 2004. Social psychology. Why ordinary people torture enemy prisoners. Science 306, 1482–1483.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hellebrand, E., Snow, J.E., Dick, H.J., Hofmann, A.W., 2001. Coupled major and trace elements as indicators of the extent of melting in mid-ocean-ridge peridotites. Nature 410, 677–681.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gros, D., Lannoo, K., 2004. The Euro Capital Market. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Tan, Y., Shi, Y., Chai, Y., Wang, G. (Eds.), 2011. Advances in Swarm Intelligence: Second International Conference, ICSI 2011, Chongqing, China, June 12-15, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Serradell, E., Özuysal, M., Lepetit, V., Fua, P., Moreno-Noguer, F., 2010. Combining Geometric and Appearance Priors for Robust Homography Estimation, in: Daniilidis, K., Maragos, P., Paragios, N. (Eds.), Computer Vision – ECCV 2010: 11th European Conference on Computer Vision, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, September 5-11, 2010, Proceedings, Part III, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 58–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Camera Develops Pictures With Algorithms, Not Lenses [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Review of Accounts, CAB Through June 30, 1971 (No. 092436). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gindin, M., 2012. Identification and Characterization of Putative Secreted Proteins from the Adult-Stage Hookworm, Ancylostoma caninum (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2006. For $37.5 Million, the Piano Man’s Estate. New York Times 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Becker, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Becker, 2010; Tsuchiya and Eulgem, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tsuchiya and Eulgem, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hellebrand et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
AbbreviationEur. J. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0014-2999

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