How to format your references using the European Journal of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bouwmeester, D., 2014. Quantum mechanics. The quantum nondemolition derby. Science 344, 1224–1226.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, B., Cao, C., 2015. Policy: Four gaps in China’s new environmental law. Nature 517, 433–434.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bluestone, J.A., Herold, K., Eisenbarth, G., 2010. Genetics, pathogenesis and clinical interventions in type 1 diabetes. Nature 464, 1293–1300.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zaratiegui, M., Castel, S.E., Irvine, D.V., Kloc, A., Ren, J., Li, F., de Castro, E., Marín, L., Chang, A.-Y., Goto, D., Cande, W.Z., Antequera, F., Arcangioli, B., Martienssen, R.A., 2011. RNAi promotes heterochromatic silencing through replication-coupled release of RNA Pol II. Nature 479, 135–138.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sierra, M.A., de la Torre, M.C., Cossío, F.P., 2013. More Dead Ends and Detours. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Safford-Ramus, K., 2016. The Troika of Adult Learners, Lifelong Learning, and Mathematics: Learning from Research, Current Paradoxes, Tensions and Promotional Strategies, ICME-13 Topical Surveys. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Oughton, D.H., 2016. Societal and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Perception, in: Shigemura, J., Chhem, R.K. (Eds.), Mental Health and Social Issues Following a Nuclear Accident: The Case of Fukushima. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pharmacology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. The First Stars In The Universe Formed Later Than We Thought [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Student Testing: Issues Related to Voluntary National Mathematics and Reading Tests (No. HEHS-98-163). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lyzlov, A., 2017. In Vivo Efficacy of Lanthanum Carbonate on Intestinal Phosphorus Absorption in Stage Five Chronic Kidney Disease Patients Undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bouwmeester, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bouwmeester, 2014; Zhang and Cao, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Cao, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zaratiegui et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
AbbreviationEur. J. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0014-2999

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