How to format your references using the European Journal of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whates, I., 2007. A piratical sabbatical. Nature 448, 224.
A journal article with 2 authors
Castaneda, J., Matzuk, M.M., 2015. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY. Toward a rapid and reversible male pill. Science 350, 385–386.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xing, M., Li, X., Zhang, J., 2014. Synergistic effect on the visible light activity of Ti3+ doped TiO2 nanorods/boron doped graphene composite. Sci. Rep. 4, 5493.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Doiron-Leyraud, N., Walker, I.R., Taillefer, L., Steiner, M.J., Julian, S.R., Lonzarich, G.G., 2003. Fermi-liquid breakdown in the paramagnetic phase of a pure metal. Nature 425, 595–599.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena, F.B., 2008. Color Atlas of Local and Systemic Signs of Cardiovascular Disease. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Somasundaram, I. (Ed.), 2014. Stem Cell Therapy for Organ Failure. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, Y.K., Knežević, M., Verbauwhede, I.M.R., 2010. Hardware design for Hash functions, in: Verbauwhede, I.M.R. (Ed.), Secure Integrated Circuits and Systems, Integrated Circuits and Systems. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 79–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Sexism In Science: One Step Back, Two Steps Forward [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. ADP Modernization: IRS’ Automated Examination System--Troubled Past, Uncertain Future (No. IMTEC-89-54). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yaudes, K.L., 2017. Change Your Category, Change Your Mind: The Mutability of Folk Models of Mental Health Disorders (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., Belson, K., 2012. Two Sprinters Agree to Runoff For Olympic Spot. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Whates, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Castaneda and Matzuk, 2015; Whates, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Castaneda and Matzuk, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Doiron-Leyraud et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
AbbreviationEur. J. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0014-2999

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