How to format your references using the European Journal of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamond, J., 2001. Ecology. Dammed experiments! Science 294, 1847–1848.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, X., Huang, B., 2014. Computational study of in-plane phonon transport in Si thin films. Sci. Rep. 4, 6399.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shi, Y., Tyson, G.W., DeLong, E.F., 2009. Metatranscriptomics reveals unique microbial small RNAs in the ocean’s water column. Nature 459, 266–269.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Heathman, S., Haire, R.G., Le Bihan, T., Lindbaum, A., Idiri, M., Normile, P., Li, S., Ahuja, R., Johansson, B., Lander, G.H., 2005. A high-pressure structure in curium linked to magnetism. Science 309, 110–113.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zneimer, S.M., 2014. Cytogenetic Abnormalities. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken.
An edited book
Unger, H., Kyamaky, K., Kacprzyk, J. (Eds.), 2012. Autonomous Systems: Developments and Trends, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hunsucker, S.A., Mitchell, B.S., Spychala, J., 2007. Nucleotidases and Nucleoside Analog Cytotoxicity, in: Peters, G.J. (Ed.), Deoxynucleoside Analogs In Cancer Therapy, Cancer Drug Discovery and Development. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 81–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pharmacology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Could We Be Wrong About The Speed Of Light? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Social Security: Service to the Public--Accuracy of the 800 Phone Service (No. T-HRD-90-30). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moton, J.M., 2012. Investigation of low temperature solid oxide fuel cells for air-independent UUV applications (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Binder, S., 2017. A Disaster Wrapped In Victory. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diamond, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Diamond, 2001; Wang and Huang, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Huang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Heathman et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
AbbreviationEur. J. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0014-2999

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