How to format your references using the European Journal of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tobalske, B.W., 2009. Evolution. Symmetry in turns. Science 324, 190–191.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yagi, M., Oikawa, S., 2014. Ontogenetic phase shifts in metabolism in a flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. Sci. Rep. 4, 7135.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kusky, T.M., Li, J.H., Tucker, R.D., 2001. The Archean Dongwanzi ophiolite complex, North China craton: 2.505-billion-year-old oceanic crust and mantle. Science 292, 1142–1145.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lu, C., Hu, N., Yang, M., Xia, S., Wang, H., Wang, J., Xia, Z., Liu, J.-M., 2014. High magnetic field phase diagram in electron-doped manganites La(0.4)Ca(0.6)Mn(1-y)Cr(y)O3. Sci. Rep. 4, 4902.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahonen, T.T., 2006. m-Profits. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hull, E., 2005. Requirements Engineering, Second Edition. ed. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Fridkin, V., Ducharme, S., 2014. Ferroelectric Nanocrystals and Nanodomains, in: Ducharme, S. (Ed.), Ferroelectricity at the Nanoscale: Basics and Applications, NanoScience and Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 67–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Driverless Cars Let Loose In Fake Michigan Streets [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Telecommunications: Telephone Slamming and Its Harmful Effects (No. OSI-98-10). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newfang, D.A., 2017. A Historical Assessment of Asbestos Exposure, Abatement Methods and Containment Efficacy During Asbestos Containing Material Removal Activities at a Large Federal Facility (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Shear, M.D., 2017. Trump to Release Kennedy Killing Papers. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tobalske, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Tobalske, 2009; Yagi and Oikawa, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yagi and Oikawa, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
AbbreviationEur. J. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0014-2999

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