How to format your references using the European Journal of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Psaltis, D., 2002. Coherent optical information systems. Science 298, 1359–1363.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sato, M., Toda, T., 2007. Alp7/TACC is a crucial target in Ran-GTPase-dependent spindle formation in fission yeast. Nature 447, 334–337.
A journal article with 3 authors
Galy, V., Peucker-Ehrenbrink, B., Eglinton, T., 2015. Global carbon export from the terrestrial biosphere controlled by erosion. Nature 521, 204–207.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
DeMaria, C.D., Soong, T.W., Alseikhan, B.A., Alvania, R.S., Yue, D.T., 2001. Calmodulin bifurcates the local Ca2+ signal that modulates P/Q-type Ca2+ channels. Nature 411, 484–489.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rogstad, D.H., Mileant, A., Pham, T.T., 2005. Antenna Arraying Techniques in the Deep Space Network. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Razdan, S. (Ed.), 2016. Urinary Continence and Sexual Function After Robotic Radical Prostatectomy. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Breitner, J., Graf, J., Hecker, M., Mohr, M., Snelting, G., 2016. On Improvements of Low-Deterministic Security, in: Piessens, F., Viganò, L. (Eds.), Principles of Security and Trust: 5th International Conference, POST 2016, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2016, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, April 2–8, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 68–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. The UAE Wants To Build A City On Mars By 2117 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Immigration and Naturalization Service’s Survey of Illegal Aliens and Alien Documentation, Identification and Telecommunication System (No. 108959). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Avila, B., 2013. Comparison of paternal and maternal involvement in a government funded home-based intervention program: A multivariate analysis of parent gender, child gender and age of the child (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. Gallery of Horrors. New York Times BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Psaltis, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Psaltis, 2002; Sato and Toda, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sato and Toda, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (DeMaria et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
AbbreviationEur. J. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0014-2999

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