How to format your references using the Coral Reefs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Coral Reefs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brandeker A (2014) Astronomy. A different class of planets. Science 343:1440–1441
A journal article with 2 authors
Fehr E, Fischbacher U (2003) The nature of human altruism. Nature 425:785–791
A journal article with 3 authors
David SS, O’Shea VL, Kundu S (2007) Base-excision repair of oxidative DNA damage. Nature 447:941–950
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Segarra M, Aburto MR, Cop F, Llaó-Cid C, Härtl R, Damm M, Bethani I, Parrilla M, Husainie D, Schänzer A, Schlierbach H, Acker T, Mohr L, Torres-Masjoan L, Ritter M, Acker-Palmer A (2018) Endothelial Dab1 signaling orchestrates neuro-glia-vessel communication in the central nervous system. Science 361:

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prutchi D, Prutchi SR (2012) Exploring Quantum Physics Through Hands-On Projects. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Thiene G (2016) Sudden Cardiac Death in the Young and Athletes: Text Atlas of Pathology and Clinical Correlates. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Ju Y (2011) Evaluation of Electrical Properties. In: Saka M. (eds) Metallic Micro and Nano Materials: Fabrication with Atomic Diffusion. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 143–172

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Coral Reefs.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) UN Declares That Internet Restrictions Violate Human Rights. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/un-declares-that-internet-restrictions-violate-human-rights/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Poor Design and Management Hamper Army’s Basic Skills Education Program.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carver JR (2009) CMO: Chief Marketing Officer or chief “marginalized” officer. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis G (2012) Opera of the Soul, Sparsely Staged. New York Times 0

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brandeker 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Fehr and Fischbacher 2003; Brandeker 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fehr and Fischbacher 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Segarra et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleCoral Reefs
AbbreviationCoral Reefs
ISSN (print)0722-4028
ISSN (online)1432-0975
ScopeAquatic Science

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