How to format your references using the Journal of Sexual Aggression citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sexual Aggression. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gilbertson, S. R. (2012). Chemistry. Relay reactions that trap organometallic intermediates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6113), 1432–1433.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vaughn, D., & Strathmann, R. R. (2008). Predators induce cloning in echinoderm larvae. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5869), 1503.
A journal article with 3 authors
Field, J., Cronin, A., & Bridge, C. (2006). Future fitness and helping in social queues. Nature, 441(7090), 214–217.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kuo, Y.-H., Lee, Y. K., Ge, Y., Ren, S., Roth, J. E., Kamins, T. I., Miller, D. A. B., & Harris, J. S. (2005). Strong quantum-confined Stark effect in germanium quantum-well structures on silicon. Nature, 437(7063), 1334–1336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grant, G. (2012). Ecosystem Services Come to Town. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Berry, R., & Adamson, B. (Eds.). (2011). Assessment Reform in Education: Policy and Practice (Vol. 14). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Świtoński, A., Piórkowski, B., Josiński, H., Wojciechowski, K., & Drabik, A. (2015). Recognition of Human Gestures Represented by Depth Camera Motion Sequences. In D. Barbucha, N. T. Nguyen, & J. Batubara (Eds.), New Trends in Intelligent Information and Database Systems (pp. 33–42). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sexual Aggression.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 12). Explainer: Why Rosetta Comet Mission is Such a Big Deal. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Medical ADP Systems: Composite Health Care System Is Not Ready to Be Deployed (IMTEC-92-54). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DiPasquale, V. L. (2010). A phenomenological study of industry professionals’ perceptions of ethics in the title insurance industry [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, June 3). How Do Kenyan 10K Runners Get to London? Through Raindrops in Oregon. New York Times, SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gilbertson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gilbertson, 2012; Vaughn & Strathmann, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vaughn & Strathmann, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Field et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kuo et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sexual Aggression
AbbreviationJ. Sex. Aggress.
ISSN (print)1355-2600
ISSN (online)1742-6545
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience

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