How to format your references using the Journal of Sexual Aggression citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sexual Aggression. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yang, L. H. (2004). Periodical cicadas as resource pulses in North American forests. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5701), 1565–1567.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pitaevskii, L., & Stringari, S. (2002). Ultracold matter. The quest for superfluidity in Fermi gases. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5601), 2144–2146.
A journal article with 3 authors
Krüger, M., Schenk, M., & Hommelhoff, P. (2011). Attosecond control of electrons emitted from a nanoscale metal tip. Nature, 475(7354), 78–81.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Krepkiy, D., Mihailescu, M., Freites, J. A., Schow, E. V., Worcester, D. L., Gawrisch, K., Tobias, D. J., White, S. H., & Swartz, K. J. (2009). Structure and hydration of membranes embedded with voltage-sensing domains. Nature, 462(7272), 473–479.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Remy, J.-G., & Letamendia, C. (2014). LTE Services. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
d’Avila Garcez, A. S. (2009). Neural-Symbolic Cognitive Reasoning (L. C. Lamb & D. M. Gabbay, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Daneshvar, R., & Shih, L. (2012). Virtual Spring-Based 3D Multi-Agent Group Coordination. In A. A. Minai, D. Braha, & Y. Bar-Yam (Eds.), Unifying Themes in Complex Systems VII: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Complex Systems (pp. 36–43). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sexual Aggression.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 16). Huge Crater Mysteriously Appears In Siberia. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Federal Communications Commission: Facilitate the Development and Use of the Universal Licensing System in the Wireless Telecommunications Services (OGC-99-25). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khojandi, N. (2017). Investigating Secondary Infections and their Impact on Host Fitness in the Dictyostelium-Burkholderia Symbiosis System [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017, September 6). ‘A Doll’s House, Part 2’ Is Closing on Broadway. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yang, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Pitaevskii & Stringari, 2002; Yang, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pitaevskii & Stringari, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Krüger et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Krepkiy et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sexual Aggression
AbbreviationJ. Sex. Aggress.
ISSN (print)1355-2600
ISSN (online)1742-6545
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience

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