How to format your references using the Journal of Sexual Aggression citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sexual Aggression. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Telford, M. J. (2013). Evolution. The animal tree of life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6121), 764–766.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lankau, R. A., & Strauss, S. Y. (2007). Mutual feedbacks maintain both genetic and species diversity in a plant community. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5844), 1561–1563.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buszczak, M., Paterno, S., & Spradling, A. C. (2009). Drosophila stem cells share a common requirement for the histone H2B ubiquitin protease scrawny. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5911), 248–251.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chang, C., Wu, M., He, D., Pei, Y., Wu, C.-F., Wu, X., … Zhao, L.-D. (2018). 3D charge and 2D phonon transports leading to high out-of-plane ZT in n-type SnSe crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 360(6390), 778–783.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Elliott, C. H., & Smith, L. L. (2010). Overcoming Anxiety for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Abraham, A., Hassanien, A.-E., & Sná¿el, V. (Eds.). (2010). Computational Social Network Analysis: Trends, Tools and Research Advances. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nishida, Y. (2016). Osteosarcoma in the Elderly: Clinical Features and Outcome. In T. Ueda & A. Kawai (Eds.), Osteosarcoma (pp. 59–71). Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sexual Aggression.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 12). Here’s What 1930s Fashion Designers Thought We’d Be Wearing In The Year 2000. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Contract Planning and Oversight Practices Were Ineffective Given the Challenges and Risks (No. GAO-14-824T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delmont, L. O. (2012). Wings pumping, wings stilled (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, September 7). Boris Without Beatrice. New York Times, p. C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Telford, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Lankau & Strauss, 2007; Telford, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lankau & Strauss, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Buszczak, Paterno, & Spradling, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sexual Aggression
AbbreviationJ. Sex. Aggress.
ISSN (print)1355-2600
ISSN (online)1742-6545
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience

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