How to format your references using the Journal of Sexual Aggression citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sexual Aggression. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Viseu, A. (2015). Integration of social science into research is crucial. Nature, 525(7569), 291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Montpetit, B., & Weis, K. (2012). Cell biology. An alternative route for nuclear mRNP export by membrane budding. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6083), 809–810.
A journal article with 3 authors
Silbergeld, E., Lerman, S., & Hushka, L. (2004). Ethics. Human health research ethics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5686), 949.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cao, R., Wang, L., Wang, H., Xia, L., Erdjument-Bromage, H., Tempst, P., Jones, R. S., & Zhang, Y. (2002). Role of histone H3 lysine 27 methylation in Polycomb-group silencing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5595), 1039–1043.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hanby, M. (2013). No God, No Science? Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Mitra, A. P., & Sharma, C. (Eds.). (2010). Global Environmental Changes in South Asia: A Regional Perspective. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lin, S., & Huang, Z. (2016). Systematic Analyses of Substructures. In Z. Huang (Ed.), Comparative Design of Structures: Concepts and Methodologies (pp. 115–199). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sexual Aggression.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, September 26). We Now Sort Of Know Why SpaceX’s Rocket Exploded. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Manufacturing Extension Partnership: Most Federal Spending Directly Supports Work with Manufacturers, but Distribution Could Be Improved (GAO-14-317). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams-Newball, T. I. (2014). Domain, Community and Practice: An Empirical Investigation of the Relationship Between Communities of Practice and Professional Identity Among Veterinarians [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, October 29). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; As Race Looks Tighter, Theme Is Truth and Trust. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Viseu, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Montpetit & Weis, 2012; Viseu, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Montpetit & Weis, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Silbergeld et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cao et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sexual Aggression
AbbreviationJ. Sex. Aggress.
ISSN (print)1355-2600
ISSN (online)1742-6545
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience

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