How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematical Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematical Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Finkel, A. (2014). Perspective: powering up citations. Nature, 511(7510), S77.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trumbore, S. E., & Czimczik, C. I. (2008). Geology. An uncertain future for soil carbon. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5895), 1455–1456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gibbs, M. J., Armstrong, J. S., & Gibbs, A. J. (2001). Recombination in the hemagglutinin gene of the 1918 “Spanish flu.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5536), 1842–1845.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Oe, Y., Tominaga-Yoshino, K., Hasegawa, S., & Ogura, A. (2013). Dendritic spine dynamics in synaptogenesis after repeated LTP inductions: dependence on pre-existing spine density. Scientific Reports, 3, 1957.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gray, K. A., & Paschkewitz, J. J. (2016). Next Generation HALT and HASS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Tannier, E. (Ed.). (2010). Comparative Genomics: International Workshop, RECOMB-CG 2010, Ottawa, Canada, October 9-11, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6398). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nica, D. V., Bordean, D.-M., Borozan, A. B., Gergen, I., Bura, M., & Banatean-Dunea, I. (2013). Use of Land Snails (Pulmonata) for Monitoring Copper Pollution in Terrestrial Ecosystems. In D. M. Whitacre (Ed.), Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology (pp. 95–137). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematical Behavior.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, October 24). This Hopping Robot Is As Cool As The Desert Rodent That Inspired It. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Educational Testing: The Canadian Experience With Standards, Examinations, and Assessments (PEMD-93-11). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herron, J. (2017). The Use of Evidence Based Interventions in the Classroom for Students with Disabilities [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016, December 20). Pearl Jam, Shakur and Baez to Join Rock Hall of Fame. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Finkel, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Finkel, 2014; Trumbore & Czimczik, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trumbore & Czimczik, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Gibbs et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Oe et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematical Behavior
ISSN (print)0732-3123
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Applied Psychology

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