How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematical Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematical Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abreu, A. (2012). Harnessing new scientific capacity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6087), 1397.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kimura, S., & Yoshioka, K. (2014). Parathyroid hormone and parathyroid hormone type-1 receptor accelerate myocyte differentiation. Scientific Reports, 4, 5066.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wiedemann, N., Meisinger, C., & Pfanner, N. (2009). Cell biology. Connecting organelles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5939), 403–404.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Impellizzeri, C. M. V., McKean, J. P., Castangia, P., Roy, A. L., Henkel, C., Brunthaler, A., & Wucknitz, O. (2008). A gravitationally lensed water maser in the early Universe. Nature, 456(7224), 927–929.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peter, M., & Scheer, C. (2015). Holzbau-Taschenbuch. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Das, V. V., Ariwa, E., & Rahayu, S. B. (Eds.). (2012). Signal Processing and Information Technology: First International Joint Conference, SPIT 2011 and IPC 2011, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, December 1-2, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 62). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Arnold, V. I., Kozlov, V. V., & Neishtadt, A. I. (2006). Integrable Systems and Integration Methods. In V. V. Kozlov & A. I. Neishtadt (Eds.), Mathematical Aspects of Classical and Celestial Mechanics: Third Edition (pp. 171–206). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematical Behavior.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, March 16). Two New Species Of Adorable Clown Frogs Discovered In The Amazon. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Business Modernization: NASA’s Challenges in Managing Its Integrated Financial Management Program (GAO-04-255). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collins, K. (2014). Learning to live in the layers: Traveling soul’s way through poetry [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2012, March 1). Almost Ready to Fly. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abreu, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Abreu, 2012; Kimura & Yoshioka, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kimura & Yoshioka, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Wiedemann et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Impellizzeri et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematical Behavior
ISSN (print)0732-3123
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Applied Psychology

Other styles