How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematical Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematical Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kielpinski, D. (2015). Quantum physics: Quantum sound waves stick together. Nature, 527(7576), 45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haushofer, J., & Fehr, E. (2014). On the psychology of poverty. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6186), 862–867.
A journal article with 3 authors
Faupl, P., Richter, W., & Urbanek, C. (2003). Geochronology: dating of the Herto hominin fossils. Nature, 426(6967), 621–622; discussion 622.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Adamantidis, A. R., Zhang, F., Aravanis, A. M., Deisseroth, K., & de Lecea, L. (2007). Neural substrates of awakening probed with optogenetic control of hypocretin neurons. Nature, 450(7168), 420–424.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matignon, R. (2007). Data Mining Using SAS® Enterprise MinerTM. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Carr, B. I. (Ed.). (2010). Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnosis and Treatment. Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Ziembowicz, M. (2013). Novelty Recognition Models. In A. Nowak, K. Winkowska-Nowak, & D. Brée (Eds.), Complex Human Dynamics: From Mind to Societies (pp. 49–65). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematical Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 30). Only One Person In History Has Ever Been Cured Of HIV. How Did It Happen? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Space Operations: Listing of NASA Scientific Missions, 1980-2000 (IMTEC-89-46FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mardakhanian, A. (2015). Blended CME, Inc. A business plan [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. (2017, June 25). Activist Fund Pushes Nestlé For Shake-Up. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kielpinski, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Haushofer & Fehr, 2014; Kielpinski, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haushofer & Fehr, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Faupl et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Adamantidis et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematical Behavior
ISSN (print)0732-3123
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Applied Psychology

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