How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematical Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematical Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McFarland, E. (2012). Chemistry. Unconventional chemistry for unconventional natural gas. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6105), 340–342.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelley, L. A., & Endler, J. A. (2012). Illusions promote mating success in great bowerbirds. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6066), 335–338.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santer, B. D., Wigley, T. M. L., & Taylor, K. E. (2011). The reproducibility of observational estimates of surface and atmospheric temperature change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6060), 1232–1233.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cope, G. A., Suh, G. S. B., Aravind, L., Schwarz, S. E., Zipursky, S. L., Koonin, E. V., & Deshaies, R. J. (2002). Role of predicted metalloprotease motif of Jab1/Csn5 in cleavage of Nedd8 from Cul1. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5593), 608–611.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harrison, A. (2016). The Life of D. H. Lawrence. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Avgerou, C., Smith, M. L., & Besselaar, P. van der (Eds.). (2008). Social Dimensions Of Information And Communication Technology Policy: Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Human Choice and Computers (HCC8), IFIP TC 9, Pretoria, South Africa, September 25-26, 2008 (Vol. 282). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Kumar, U., Roland, A., & Burbidge, S. A. (2006). Understanding and Treating Alzheimer’s Disease. In S. I. S. Rattan & M. Kassem (Eds.), Prevention and Treatment of Age-related Diseases (pp. 49–70). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematical Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 16). Deadly Nepal Earthquake Caused Mount Everest to Shift Three Centimeters. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). HUD Urban Studies Fellowship Program (No. 092422). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murphy-Perez, E. (2013). Vapor-Liquid-Solid (VLS) Grown Silica Nanowires as the Interface for Biorecognition Molecules in Biosensors (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M. (2017, August 10). Sales Drop at Macy’s Punishes Its Stock. New York Times, p. B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McFarland, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kelley & Endler, 2012; McFarland, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kelley & Endler, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Santer, Wigley, & Taylor, 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cope et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematical Behavior
ISSN (print)0732-3123
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Applied Psychology

Other styles