How to format your references using the European Journal of Paediatric Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Paediatric Neurology (EJPN). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guenin LM. Essays on science and society. Morals and primordials. Science 2001;292(5522):1659–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Medina-Elizalde M., Rohling EJ. Collapse of Classic Maya civilization related to modest reduction in precipitation. Science 2012;335(6071):956–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Katsanis SH., Javitt G., Hudson K. Public health. A case study of personalized medicine. Science 2008;320(5872):53–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Song Y., Altarejos J., Goodarzi MO., Inoue H., Guo X., Berdeaux R., et al. CRTC3 links catecholamine signalling to energy balance. Nature 2010;468(7326):933–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jäger W., Marzahn G. Mauerwerk. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
Hall GB., Leahy MG. Open Source Approaches in Spatial Data Handling. vol. 2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Roht-Arriaza N. Reparations and Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. In: Sharp DN, editor. Justice and Economic Violence in Transition. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 109–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Paediatric Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Transylvanian Music Festival Offers Ticket Discount For Blood. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: Declining Budget and Tight Schedule Could Jeopardize Space Station Support. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newsom SM. Love and Creativity: A Shared Dynamic. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM. As Cheese or Chocolate, Comfort Comes Melted. New York Times 2013:LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Paediatric Neurology
AbbreviationEur. J. Paediatr. Neurol.
ISSN (print)1090-3798
ISSN (online)1532-2130
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles