How to format your references using the European Journal of Paediatric Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Paediatric Neurology (EJPN). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Cannatella DC. Comment on “Habitat split and the global decline of amphibians.” Science 2008;320(5878):874; author reply 874.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Minamino T., Namba K. Distinct roles of the FliI ATPase and proton motive force in bacterial flagellar protein export. Nature 2008;451(7177):485–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Li G-W., Oh E., Weissman JS. The anti-Shine-Dalgarno sequence drives translational pausing and codon choice in bacteria. Nature 2012;484(7395):538–41.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Usiello A., Baik JH., Rougé-Pont F., Picetti R., Dierich A., LeMeur M., et al. Distinct functions of the two isoforms of dopamine D2 receptors. Nature 2000;408(6809):199–203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hickey R. A Dictionary of Varieties of English. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Zereini F., Alt F. Palladium Emissions in the Environment: Analytical Methods, Environmental Assessment and Health Effects. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Eddie Ng YK., Liu N. A Development of Novel Integral Method for Prediction of Distorted Inlet Flow Propagation in Axial Compressor. In: Liu N, editor. Compressor Instability with Integral Methods. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 77–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Paediatric Neurology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Exposed: The Private Lives Of Hairy-Chested ‘Hoff Crabs.’ IFLScience. Available at https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/exposed-private-lives-hairy-chested-hoff-crabs/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Special Education: Clearer Guidance Would Enhance Implementation of Federal Disciplinary Provisions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Beck NA. Mobile Apps for Cognitive Restructuring: A Review and Comparative Analysis. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. In Defense of His Old School. New York Times 2009:SP10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Paediatric Neurology
AbbreviationEur. J. Paediatr. Neurol.
ISSN (print)1090-3798
ISSN (online)1532-2130
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles