How to format your references using the European Journal of Paediatric Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Paediatric Neurology (EJPN). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Carmody J. What if...? Nature 2000;406(6794):349.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Cloetingh S., Haq BU. Sea level change. Inherited landscapes and sea level change. Science 2015;347(6220):1258375.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hanna RA., Campbell RL., Davies PL. Calcium-bound structure of calpain and its mechanism of inhibition by calpastatin. Nature 2008;456(7220):409–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zhang A-M., Xia T-L., Liu K., Tong W., Yang Z-R., Zhang Q-M. Superconductivity at 44 K in K intercalated FeSe system with excess Fe. Sci Rep 2013;3:1216.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bragg SM. The Controller’s Function. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Kountchev R., Iantovics B. Advances in Intelligent Analysis of Medical Data and Decision Support Systems. vol. 473. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Thotahewa KMS., Redouté J-M., Yuce MR. Hardware Architectures for IR-UWB-Based Transceivers. In: Redouté J-M, and Yuce MR, editors. Ultra Wideband Wireless Body Area Networks. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 67–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Paediatric Neurology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Brain Synapses Last as Long as Memories Do. IFLScience. Available at https://www.iflscience.com/brain/brain-synapses-last-long-memories-do/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Charter Schools: Oversight Practices in the District of Columbia. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Johnson L. The Relationship between Mock Jurors’ Locus of Control, Belief in a Just World, and an NGRI Verdict. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
MacFARQUHAR N., Nechepurenko I. In Over 100 Cities, Protesters Heed Anti-Kremlin Cry. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Paediatric Neurology
AbbreviationEur. J. Paediatr. Neurol.
ISSN (print)1090-3798
ISSN (online)1532-2130
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles