How to format your references using the European Journal of Paediatric Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Paediatric Neurology (EJPN). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pennisi E. Neuroscience. Monarchs check clock to chart migration route. Science 2003;300(5623):1216–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lopatin AV., Averianov AO. An aegialodontid upper molar and the evolution of mammal dentition. Science 2006;313(5790):1092.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hu DL., Chan B., Bush JWM. The hydrodynamics of water strider locomotion. Nature 2003;424(6949):663–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Sogabe T., Shoji Y., Ohba M., Yoshida K., Tamaki R., Hong H-F., et al. Intermediate-band dynamics of quantum dots solar cell in concentrator photovoltaic modules. Sci Rep 2014;4:4792.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Abdullaeva Z. Nano- and Biomaterials. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Chockler H., Hu AJ. Hardware and Software: Verification and Testing: 4th International Haifa Verification Conference, HVC 2008, Haifa, Israel, October 27-30, 2008. Proceedings. vol. 5394. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dias JM., do Céu Marques M. A Multiobjective Approach for a Dynamic Simple Plant Location Problem under Uncertainty. In: Murgante B, Misra S, Rocha AMAC, Torre C, Rocha JG, Falcão MI et al., editors. Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2014: 14th International Conference, Guimarães, Portugal, June 30 – July 3, 2014, Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 60–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Paediatric Neurology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Record Breaking Female Shark Stores Sperm For Almost 4 Years. IFLScience. Available at https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/record-breaking-female-shark-stores-sperm-almost-4-years/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Cost to Operate After Assembly is Uncertain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wulfsberg JC. Singing Turkish, performing Turkishness: Message and audience in the song competition of the International Turkish Olympiad. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Risen J., Fink S. Trump’s Talk on Torture Adds to Global Anxiety. New York Times 2017:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Paediatric Neurology
AbbreviationEur. J. Paediatr. Neurol.
ISSN (print)1090-3798
ISSN (online)1532-2130
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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