How to format your references using the Journal of Separation Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Separation Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloom, P., Behavior. Can a dog learn a word? Science 2004, 304, 1605–1606.
A journal article with 2 authors
Monsonego, A., Weiner, H. L., Immunotherapeutic approaches to Alzheimer’s disease. Science 2003, 302, 834–838.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gilestro, G. F., Tononi, G., Cirelli, C., Widespread changes in synaptic markers as a function of sleep and wakefulness in Drosophila. Science 2009, 324, 109–112.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhao, Y., Araki, S., Wu, J., Teramoto, T., Chang, Y.-F., Nakano, M., Abdelfattah, A. S., Fujiwara, M., Ishihara, T., Nagai, T., Campbell, R. E., An expanded palette of genetically encoded Ca2+ indicators. Science 2011, 333, 1888–1891.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinstein, S., The Complete Guide to Fundraising Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ 2009.
An edited book
Plugge, E., The Definitive Guide to MongoDB: The NoSQL Database for Cloud and Desktop Computing. Apress, Berkeley, CA 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Onori, S., Serrao, L., Rizzoni, G., in: Serrao, L., Rizzoni, G. (Eds.), Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Energy Management Strategies. Springer, London 2016, pp. 51–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Separation Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S., Stunning Fossils Rewrite Evolutionary History of Life on Earth, (last time accessed: October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs to Implement an Effective Testing Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seegmiller Renner, A., Empathy Development Through Role Modeling: A Qualitative Study of Instructor Experiences, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., Looking Good, Shooting Ugly. New York Times 2013, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Separation Science
AbbreviationJ. Sep. Sci.
ISSN (print)1615-9306
ISSN (online)1615-9314
ScopeFiltration and Separation
Analytical Chemistry

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