How to format your references using the Journal of Separation Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Separation Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Toggweiler, J. R., Climate change. Shifting westerlies. Science 2009, 323, 1434–1435.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meziane-Cherif, D., Courvalin, P., Antibiotic resistance: to the rescue of old drugs. Nature 2014, 510, 477–478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalab, P., Weis, K., Heald, R., Visualization of a Ran-GTP gradient in interphase and mitotic Xenopus egg extracts. Science 2002, 295, 2452–2456.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, X., Ge, M., Zhang, Y., Wang, R., Xu, P., Wickert, J., Schuh, H., New approach for earthquake/tsunami monitoring using dense GPS networks. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2682.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paolella, M. S., Fundamental Probability. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK 2006.
An edited book
Jatowt, A., Lim, E.-P., Ding, Y., Miura, A., Tezuka, T., Dias, G., Tanaka, K., Flanagin, A., Dai, B. T. (Eds.), Social Informatics: 5th International Conference, SocInfo 2013, Kyoto, Japan, November 25-27, 2013, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiao, J., in: Liu, B.-L., Lee, S.-J., Wang, L., Xu, Y., Li, X. (Eds.), Contemporary Logistics in China: Assimilation and Innovation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 2014, pp. 85–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Separation Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S., Gene That Sends Roots Downwards Could Save Barley From Drought, (last time accessed: October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, NASA: Lack of Disciplined Cost-Estimating Processes Hinders Effective Program Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, C., Evolutionary Changes in Development Associated with a Transition in Larval Nutritional Mode in Spiralians, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Separation Science
AbbreviationJ. Sep. Sci.
ISSN (print)1615-9306
ISSN (online)1615-9314
ScopeFiltration and Separation
Analytical Chemistry

Other styles