How to format your references using the Environmental Pollution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Pollution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morris, P., 2013. Joseph E. Murray (1919-2012). Nature 493, 164.
A journal article with 2 authors
Loring, J.F., Campbell, C., 2006. Science and law. Intellectual property and human embryonic stem cell research. Science 311, 1716–1717.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whitfield, C.W., Cziko, A.-M., Robinson, G.E., 2003. Gene expression profiles in the brain predict behavior in individual honey bees. Science 302, 296–299.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pan, H., Chu, D., Liu, B., Shi, X., Guo, L., Xie, W., Carrière, Y., Li, X., Zhang, Y., 2013. Differential effects of an exotic plant virus on its two closely related vectors. Sci. Rep. 3, 2230.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stahl, S., 2011. Real Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Calvary, G., Pribeanu, C., Santucci, G., Vanderdonckt, J. (Eds.), 2007. Computer-Aided Design of User Interfaces V. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Novak, J.M., Armstrong, D.E., Browne, B., 2014. Leading Others, in: Armstrong, D.E., Browne, B. (Eds.), Leading For Educational Lives: Inviting and Sustaining Imaginative Acts of Hope in a Connected World. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 69–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Pollution.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Female Capuchin Picks her Nose – Using a Stick [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. [Response to Request for Views on Application of P.L. 99-177 to Teacher Loan Cancellations] (No. B-221498.20). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schwartz, K.A., 2010. Dynamics of Teacher Self-Efficacy: Middle School Reading and Language Arts Teacher Responses on a Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J., 2017. A Deep Dive for Living Treasure. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morris, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Loring and Campbell, 2006; Morris, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Loring and Campbell, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Pan et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Pollution
AbbreviationEnviron. Pollut.
ISSN (print)0269-7491
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

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