How to format your references using the Environmental Pollution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Pollution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hustad, P.D., 2009. Frontiers in olefin polymerization: reinventing the world’s most common synthetic polymers. Science 325, 704–707.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laurance, W.F., Balmford, A., 2013. Land use: A global map for road building. Nature 495, 308–309.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, W., Wen, X., Wang, Z.L., 2013. Taxel-addressable matrix of vertical-nanowire piezotronic transistors for active and adaptive tactile imaging. Science 340, 952–957.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schroder, A., Aeppli, G., Coldea, R., Adams, M., Stockert, O., v. Lohneysen H, Bucher, E., Ramazashvili, R., Coleman, P., 2000. Onset of antiferromagnetism in heavy-fermion metals. Nature 407, 351–355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coulson, J., 2014. Sustainable Use of Wood in Construction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Morello, L., 2011. The Automotive Body: Volume II: System Design, Mechanical Engineering Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Meena, A., El Mansori, M., 2016. Integrated Casting-Heat Treatment Process Route for Near Net Shape ADI Casting Production, in: Tiryakioğlu, M., Campbell, J., Byczynski, G. (Eds.), Shape Casting: 5th International Symposium 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 35–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Pollution.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Mind-Controlled Prosthetic Leg Unveiled [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Air Traffic Control: Justifications for Capital Investments Need Strengthening (No. RCED-93-55). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Foster, H.C., 2017. The effect of droplet size and sprayer type on physical drift (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2007. Five Smart Moves and Five Big Mistakes. New York Times F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hustad, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Hustad, 2009; Laurance and Balmford, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Laurance and Balmford, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Schroder et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Pollution
AbbreviationEnviron. Pollut.
ISSN (print)0269-7491
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

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