How to format your references using the Environmental Pollution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Pollution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bender, M.L., 2000. OCEANOGRAPHY: Tracer from the Sky. Science 288, 1977–1978.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gorin, D.J., Toste, F.D., 2007. Relativistic effects in homogeneous gold catalysis. Nature 446, 395–403.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roselló-Díez, A., Ros, M.A., Torres, M., 2011. Diffusible signals, not autonomous mechanisms, determine the main proximodistal limb subdivision. Science 332, 1086–1088.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kinoshita, T., Doi, M., Suetsugu, N., Kagawa, T., Wada, M., Shimazaki, K., 2001. Phot1 and phot2 mediate blue light regulation of stomatal opening. Nature 414, 656–660.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levin, M.A., Kalal, T.T., 2005. Improving Product Reliability. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Christmann, A., 2008. Support Vector Machines, Information Science and Statistics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Brennan, M.F., Antonescu, C.R., Alektiar, K.M., Maki, R.G., 2016. Liposarcoma, in: Antonescu, C.R., Alektiar, K.M., Maki, R.G. (Eds.), Management of Soft Tissue Sarcoma. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 105–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Pollution.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Astronaut Photographs Explosions Over Israel And Gaza From Space [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Questions Remain on the Costs, Uses, and Risks of the Redesigned Space Station (No. T-NSIAD-91-26). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Le, D., 2015. L.A. Children’s Music Therapy Center, LLC (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D.A., 2004. 36 Hours | Portsmouth, N.H. New York Times F5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bender, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bender, 2000; Gorin and Toste, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gorin and Toste, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kinoshita et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Pollution
AbbreviationEnviron. Pollut.
ISSN (print)0269-7491
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

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