How to format your references using the Environmental Pollution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Pollution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alberts, B., 2003. DNA replication and recombination. Nature 421, 431–435.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hayden, L.A., Watson, E.B., 2007. A diffusion mechanism for core-mantle interaction. Nature 450, 709–711.
A journal article with 3 authors
King, M.C., Lusk, C.P., Blobel, G., 2006. Karyopherin-mediated import of integral inner nuclear membrane proteins. Nature 442, 1003–1007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pennycook, T.J., Jones, L., Pettersson, H., Coelho, J., Canavan, M., Mendoza-Sanchez, B., Nicolosi, V., Nellist, P.D., 2014. Atomic scale dynamics of a solid state chemical reaction directly determined by annular dark-field electron microscopy. Sci. Rep. 4, 7555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saguet, P., 2013. Numerical Analysis in Electromagnetics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Sutton, M.A., Mason, K.E., Sheppard, L.J., Sverdrup, H., Haeuber, R., Hicks, W.K. (Eds.), 2014. Nitrogen Deposition, Critical Loads and Biodiversity. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Tomalty, R., Mallach, A., 2015. Differences in Livability and Sustainability, in: Mallach, A. (Ed.), America’s Urban Future: Lessons from North of the Border. Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC, pp. 51–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Pollution.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Chimps Found Drinking Booze In The Wild [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Biotechnology: Information on Prices of Genetically Modified Seeds in the United States and Argentina (No. T-RCED/NSIAD-00-228). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, S.-C., 2008. Defiant institutionalization: Democratization and social movements in South Korea, 1984–2002 (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gavin, J., 2017. Politics, Passion and No Shirking on Practice. New York Times C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alberts, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Alberts, 2003; Hayden and Watson, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hayden and Watson, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Pennycook et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Pollution
AbbreviationEnviron. Pollut.
ISSN (print)0269-7491
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

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