How to format your references using the Journal of Sea Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sea Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levinger, N.E., 2002. Chemistry. Water in confinement. Science 298, 1722–1723.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bergink, S., Jentsch, S., 2009. Principles of ubiquitin and SUMO modifications in DNA repair. Nature 458, 461–467.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, Z.X., Cifelli, R.L., Kielan-Jaworowska, Z., 2001. Dual origin of tribosphenic mammals. Nature 409, 53–57.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yaveroğlu, Ö.N., Malod-Dognin, N., Davis, D., Levnajic, Z., Janjic, V., Karapandza, R., Stojmirovic, A., Pržulj, N., 2014. Revealing the hidden language of complex networks. Sci. Rep. 4, 4547.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ciana, P., 2011. New Frontiers in Technical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Shih, H., 2013. English Writings of Hu Shih: Chinese Philosophy and Intellectual History (Volume 2), China Academic Library. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fertő, I., Podruzsik, S., 2016. Intra-industry Trade in the Beer Industry within the Enlarged European Union, in: Cabras, I., Higgins, D., Preece, D. (Eds.), Brewing, Beer and Pubs: A Global Perspective. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 74–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sea Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Mysterious X-Rays Could Mark Enormous Star Graveyard Surrounding Our Galaxy’s Supermassive Black Hole [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Revisions Needed in Financial Management Policies of the Federal Government’s Automatic Data Processing Fund (No. B-115369). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ho, T., 2012. The influence of physical activity and unsafe neighborhoods on the development of gestational diabetes among women in California (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2007. New Libraries That Don’t Just Go by the Book. New York Times WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levinger, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bergink and Jentsch, 2009; Levinger, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bergink and Jentsch, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Yaveroğlu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sea Research
AbbreviationJ. Sea Res.
ISSN (print)1385-1101
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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