How to format your references using the Journal of Sea Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sea Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kassen, R., 2011. If you want to win the game, you must join in. Nature 480, 153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ackland, G.J., Butler, D., 2001. Pack formation in cycling and orienteering. Nature 413, 127.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kumarevel, T., Mizuno, H., Kumar, P.K.R., 2005. Structural basis of HutP-mediated anti-termination and roles of the Mg2+ ion and L-histidine ligand. Nature 434, 183–191.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wainger, B.J., DeGennaro, M., Santoro, B., Siegelbaum, S.A., Tibbs, G.R., 2001. Molecular mechanism of cAMP modulation of HCN pacemaker channels. Nature 411, 805–810.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tissue, B.M., 2013. Basics of Analytical Chemistry and Chemical Equilibria. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Brasier, A.R. (Ed.), 2014. Heterogeneity in Asthma, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Neergheen-Bhujun, V.S., Kang, K.S., Aruoma, O.I., Bahorun, T., 2012. Dietary Biofactors in the Management of Cancer: Myth or Reality?, in: Shankar, S., Srivastava, R.K. (Eds.), Nutrition, Diet and Cancer. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 109–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sea Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. A Clue To How Supermassive Black Holes Heat Up Galaxies And Kill Stars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. NASA Contract Management: Improving the Use of DCAA’s Auditing Services (No. NSIAD-94-229). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hollenbeck, J.L., 2017. The Challenge of U.S. West Coast Earthquake Response: Federal Urban Search and Rescue (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2008. Boris Fyodorov, 50, Dies; Guided Reforms in Russia. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kassen, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ackland and Butler, 2001; Kassen, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ackland and Butler, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wainger et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sea Research
AbbreviationJ. Sea Res.
ISSN (print)1385-1101
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles