How to format your references using the Journal of Sea Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sea Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stone, A.J., 2007. Chemistry. Water from first principles. Science 315, 1228–1229.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roll-Mecak, A., Vale, R.D., 2008. Structural basis of microtubule severing by the hereditary spastic paraplegia protein spastin. Nature 451, 363–367.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burke, M.D., Berger, E.M., Schreiber, S.L., 2003. Generating diverse skeletons of small molecules combinatorially. Science 302, 613–618.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hsu, Y.-C., Chern, J.J., Cai, Y., Liu, M., Choi, K.-W., 2007. Drosophila TCTP is essential for growth and proliferation through regulation of dRheb GTPase. Nature 445, 785–788.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nordenström, J., 2012. The Hunt for the Parathyroids. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Karafolas, S. (Ed.), 2016. Credit Cooperative Institutions in European Countries, Contributions to Economics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, A., Zhou, L., Wang, L., 2016. Cooperation Stimulation, in: Zhou, L., Wang, L. (Eds.), Security-Aware Device-to-Device Communications Underlaying Cellular Networks, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 51–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sea Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Gorgeous Auroras Anticipated Following Massive Solar Flare [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. General Aviation Safety: Additional FAA Efforts Could Help Identify and Mitigate Safety Risks (No. GAO-13-36). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duberstein, J.N., 2010. The shape of the commons: Social networks and the conservation of small-scale fisheries in the northern Gulf of California, Mexico (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
RICHARD BERNSTEIN; Sophia Kishkovsky contributed reporting from Moscow for this article, Judy Dempsey of The International Herald Tribune from Berlin, 2005. After Centuries of Enmity, Relations Between Poland and Russia Are as Bad as Ever. New York Times 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stone, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Roll-Mecak and Vale, 2008; Stone, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roll-Mecak and Vale, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Hsu et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sea Research
AbbreviationJ. Sea Res.
ISSN (print)1385-1101
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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