How to format your references using the Journal of Endocrinological Investigation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Endocrinological Investigation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anandan J (2002) Quantum mechanics. Putting a spin on the Aharonov-Bohm oscillations. Science 297:1656–1657
A journal article with 2 authors
Hood L, Galas D (2003) The digital code of DNA. Nature 421:444–448
A journal article with 3 authors
Bouret SG, Draper SJ, Simerly RB (2004) Trophic action of leptin on hypothalamic neurons that regulate feeding. Science 304:108–110
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kamata K, Yonehara K, Sumida Y, et al (2003) Efficient epoxidation of olefins with >/=99% selectivity and use of hydrogen peroxide. Science 300:964–966

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aquino JA (2017) The International Family Guide to US University Admissions. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Michelsen J (2012) Service Virtualization: Reality is Overrated. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Paull L, Saeedi G. S, Seto M, Li H (2011) A Multi-agent Framework with MOOS-IvP for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles with Sidescan Sonar Sensors. In: Kamel M, Karray F, Gueaieb W, Khamis A (eds) Autonomous and Intelligent Systems: Second International Conference, AIS 2011, Burnaby, BC, Canada, June 22-24, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 41–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Endocrinological Investigation.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Is Nuclear Power Zero-Emission? No, But It Isn’t High-Emission Either. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) NASA: Medium Launch Transition Strategy Leverages Ongoing Investments but Is Not Without Risk. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sarantopoulos ND (2008) The relationship between values and leadership styles of nonprofit leaders. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) SHADOWS OF DOUBT. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
AbbreviationJ. Endocrinol. Invest.
ISSN (online)1720-8386
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles