How to format your references using the Journal of Endocrinological Investigation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Endocrinological Investigation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stein LY (2015) Microbiology: Cyanate fuels the nitrogen cycle. Nature 524:43–44
A journal article with 2 authors
Raiborg C, Stenmark H (2009) The ESCRT machinery in endosomal sorting of ubiquitylated membrane proteins. Nature 458:445–452
A journal article with 3 authors
Charnoz S, Salmon J, Crida A (2010) The recent formation of Saturn’s moonlets from viscous spreading of the main rings. Nature 465:752–754
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bearhop S, Fiedler W, Furness RW, et al (2005) Assortative mating as a mechanism for rapid evolution of a migratory divide. Science 310:502–504

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shelton T (2013) Business Models for the Social Mobile Cloud. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey
An edited book
Belzung C, Wigmore P (2013) Neurogenesis and Neural Plasticity. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Jackson T, Salamat B, Homescu A, et al (2011) Compiler-Generated Software Diversity. In: Jajodia S, Ghosh AK, Swarup V, et al (eds) Moving Target Defense: Creating Asymmetric Uncertainty for Cyber Threats. Springer, New York, NY, pp 77–98

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Endocrinological Investigation.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) The Ganges And Yamuna Rivers Given Same Legal Rights As Humans. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Problems in Providing Education Overseas for Dependents of U.S. Personnel. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tetley J (2009) An investigation of self-authorship, hope, and meaning in life among second-year college students. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J (2017) Twilight of a Difficult Man. New York Times MB1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
AbbreviationJ. Endocrinol. Invest.
ISSN (online)1720-8386
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles