How to format your references using the Journal of Endocrinological Investigation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Endocrinological Investigation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boylan-Kolchin M (2014) Cosmology: A virtual Universe. Nature 509:170–171
A journal article with 2 authors
Rosenberg SM, Queitsch C (2014) Medicine. Combating evolution to fight disease. Science 343:1088–1089
A journal article with 3 authors
London AJ, Kimmelman J, Emborg ME (2010) Research ethics. Beyond access vs. protection in trials of innovative therapies. Science 328:829–830
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nedimović MR, Carbotte SM, Harding AJ, et al (2005) Frozen magma lenses below the oceanic crust. Nature 436:1149–1152

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruiz J-L (2017) Supra-Gingival Minimally Invasive Dentistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Cao L, Zhong J, Feng Y (2010) Advanced Data Mining and Applications: 6th International Conference, ADMA 2010, Chongqing, China, November 19-21, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Howie S, Plomp T (2005) International Comparative Studies of Education and Large-Scale Change. In: Bascia N, Cumming A, Datnow A, et al (eds) International Handbook of Educational Policy. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 75–99

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Endocrinological Investigation.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Fossil Clue Found To Epic Ancient Battle Between Huge Predators. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Critical Infrastructure Protection: Comments on the National Plan for Information Systems Protection. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krishnan R (2014) Generalized Conditional Matching Algorithm for Ordered and Unordered Sets. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2014) Creatures Great, Small and Imagined. New York Times CT9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
AbbreviationJ. Endocrinol. Invest.
ISSN (online)1720-8386
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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