How to format your references using the Journal of Endocrinological Investigation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Endocrinological Investigation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger K (2003) Location, location, location. Nature 421:766–767
A journal article with 2 authors
Alonso D, Pascual M (2006) Comment on “A keystone mutualism drives pattern in a power function.” Science 313:1739; author reply 1739
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta G, Jalil MBA, Liang G (2014) Effect of band-alignment operation on carrier transport in Bi2Se3 topological insulator. Sci Rep 4:6220
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yip CK, Kimbrough TG, Felise HB, et al (2005) Structural characterization of the molecular platform for type III secretion system assembly. Nature 435:702–707

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maji P, Pal SK (2012) Rough-Fuzzy Pattern Recognition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Stenström P, Dubois M, Katevenis M, et al (2008) High Performance Embedded Architectures and Compilers: Third International Conference, HiPEAC 2008, Göteborg, Sweden, January 27-29, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Son S, Sim KM (2009) Relaxed Time Slot Negotiation for Grid Resource Allocation. In: Ślęzak D, Kim T-H, Yau SS, et al (eds) Grid and Distributed Computing: International Conference, GDC 2009, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conferences, FGIT 2009, Jeju Island, Korea, December 10-12, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 25–32

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Endocrinological Investigation.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Sex Offending May Be In The Genes But Knowing That Won’t Prevent It. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Success of the Programed School Input Program Justifies Expansion. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lavin EE (2015) Discourse in monolingual and bilingual non-trial hearings. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M (2017) Theater Jobs Skew White And Male, Study Finds. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
AbbreviationJ. Endocrinol. Invest.
ISSN (online)1720-8386
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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