How to format your references using the Journal of Endocrinological Investigation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Endocrinological Investigation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sargent M (2008) Obituary: Willis E. Lamb Jr (1913-2008). Nature 453:867
A journal article with 2 authors
Okamoto S, Millis AJ (2004) Electronic reconstruction at an interface between a Mott insulator and a band insulator. Nature 428:630–633
A journal article with 3 authors
Geremia JM, Stockton JK, Mabuchi H (2004) Real-time quantum feedback control of atomic spin-squeezing. Science 304:270–273
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Daley AC, Budd GE, Caron J-B, et al (2009) The Burgess Shale anomalocaridid Hurdia and its significance for early euarthropod evolution. Science 323:1597–1600

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Webb RC (2005) Tele-Visionaries. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Zsolnai L (2005) Spirituality and Ethics in Management. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Paz EB, Ceccarelli M, Otero JE, Sanz JLM (2010) The Machine Renaissance. In: Ceccarelli M, Echávarri Otero J, Muñoz Sanz JL (eds) A Brief Illustrated History of Machines and Mechanisms. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 91–115

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Endocrinological Investigation.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) We May Have Just A Year To Prepare For A Supervolcanic Eruption. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) Preparing, Documenting, and Referencing Lotus Spreadsheets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stanton B (2009) On location: Race and family in the poetry of Sonia Sanchez, June Jordan, and Cathy Song. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Youth Retreats as Women’s Draw Highlights an Age of Thirtysomethings. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
AbbreviationJ. Endocrinol. Invest.
ISSN (online)1720-8386
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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