How to format your references using the Journal of Science Education and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Science Education and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Van Noorden R (2012) Production: Beyond sticky tape. Nature 483:S32-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Zeng L, Song R (2013) Controlling chloride ions diffusion in concrete. Sci Rep 3:3359
A journal article with 3 authors
Solomon BR, Hyder MN, Varanasi KK (2014) Separating oil-water nanoemulsions using flux-enhanced hierarchical membranes. Sci Rep 4:5504
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Quintana FJ, Basso AS, Iglesias AH, et al (2008) Control of T(reg) and T(H)17 cell differentiation by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Nature 453:65–71

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mishra AR (2010) Cellular Technologies for Emerging Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Samorì P (ed) (2008) STM and AFM Studies on (Bio)molecular Systems: Unravelling the Nanoworld. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Solano-Aragón C, Castillo O (2015) Optimization of Benchmark Mathematical Functions Using the Firefly Algorithm with Dynamic Parameters. In: Castillo O, Melin P (eds) Fuzzy Logic Augmentation of Nature-Inspired Optimization Metaheuristics: Theory and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 81–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Science Education and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Is The Solid Crust In North America Really So Stable? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Transportation Infrastructure: Major Program Revisions Present Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woo C (2008) Cross-Cultural Encounter and the Novel: Nation, Identity, and Genre in Nineteenth-Century British Literature. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2008) Thinking Big On Making Little Cakes. New York Times NJ12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Van Noorden 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Van Noorden 2012; Zeng and Song 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zeng and Song 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Quintana et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Science Education and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Sci. Educ. Technol.
ISSN (print)1059-0145
ISSN (online)1573-1839
ScopeGeneral Engineering

Other styles