How to format your references using the Journal of Science Education and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Science Education and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hackney DD (2007) Biochemistry. Processive motor movement. Science 316:58–59
A journal article with 2 authors
Winkowski DE, Knudsen EI (2006) Top-down gain control of the auditory space map by gaze control circuitry in the barn owl. Nature 439:336–339
A journal article with 3 authors
Helbing D, Farkas I, Vicsek T (2000) Simulating dynamical features of escape panic. Nature 407:487–490
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li H-J, Sun J-Z, Zhang Q-L, et al (2014) Neuroanatomical differences between men and women in help-seeking coping strategy. Sci Rep 4:5700

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Middleton D (2012) Non-Gaussian Statistical Communication Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Detyniecki M, García-Serrano A, Nürnberger A (eds) (2011) Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval. Understanding Media and Adapting to the User: 7th International Workshop, AMR 2009, Madrid, Spain, September 24-25, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Lone SH, Bhat KA, Khuroo MA (2015) Biological Profile of Artemisia amygdalina. In: Bhat KA, Khuroo MA (eds) Chemical and Pharmacological Perspective of Artemisia amygdalina. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 39–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Science Education and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) This Is What The Skeletons Of Famous Cartoon Characters Would Look Like. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/skeletons-famous-cartoon-characters/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Highway Safety: Effectiveness of State .08 Blood Alcohol Laws. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fleming TC (2015) The Academic Identity Experience of Liberal Arts Faculty in the Age of New Managerialism. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) A New Bag, A New Space. New York Times E9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hackney 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Winkowski and Knudsen 2006; Hackney 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Winkowski and Knudsen 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Science Education and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Sci. Educ. Technol.
ISSN (print)1059-0145
ISSN (online)1573-1839
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Education

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