How to format your references using the Journal of Scheduling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Scheduling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldstein, R. H. (2001). Paleoenvironment. Clues from fluid inclusions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5544), 1009–1011.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grant, P. R., & Grant, B. R. (2014). Evolutionary biology: speciation undone. Nature, 507(7491), 178–179.
A journal article with 3 authors
Drell, S. D., Shultz, G. P., & Andreasen, S. P. (2012). Nuclear safety. A safer nuclear enterprise. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6086), 1236.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Johnson, D. S., Mortazavi, A., Myers, R. M., & Wold, B. (2007). Genome-wide mapping of in vivo protein-DNA interactions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5830), 1497–1502.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, J., Gaare, M., Holguín, J., Bailey, N., & Pratley, T. (2016). Professional Clojure. Indianapolis, IN, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mozafari, M. R. (Ed.). (2006). Nanocarrier Technologies: Frontiers of Nanotherapy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Smith, D. R. (2011). Asian Honeybees and Mitochondrial DNA. In H. R. Hepburn & S. E. Radloff (Eds.), Honeybees of Asia (pp. 69–93). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Scheduling.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 16). Researchers Have Developed A Stretchable Loudspeaker. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). FTS2001: Transition Challenges Jeopardize Program Goals (No. GAO-01-289). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shafran, R. F. (2017). Leading Organizational Change: A Phenomenological Study of the Nonlinear Strategies Used by Female Leaders in Global Companies (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kanter, J. (2017, January 4). As E.U.’s Roster Swells, So Does Linguistic Burden. New York Times, p. A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldstein 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Goldstein 2001; Grant and Grant 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grant and Grant 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Johnson et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Scheduling
AbbreviationJ. Sched.
ISSN (print)1094-6136
ISSN (online)1099-1425
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Management Science and Operations Research
General Engineering

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