How to format your references using the Journal of Scheduling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Scheduling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marks, T. J. (2007). Retrospective: Frank Albert Cotton (1930-2007). Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5822), 214.
A journal article with 2 authors
Szule, J. A., & Coorssen, J. R. (2004). Comment on “Transmembrane segments of syntaxin line the fusion pore of Ca2+-triggered exocytosis.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5697), 813; author reply 813.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mabe, S., Nagamune, T., & Kawahara, M. (2014). Detecting protein-protein interactions based on kinase-mediated growth induction of mammalian cells. Scientific reports, 4, 6127.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sañudo-Wilhelmy, S. A., Tovar-Sanchez, A., Fu, F.-X., Capone, D. G., Carpenter, E. J., & Hutchins, D. A. (2004). The impact of surface-adsorbed phosphorus on phytoplankton Redfield stoichiometry. Nature, 432(7019), 897–901.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cabaniss, D. L., Cherry, S., Douglas, C. J., & Schwartz, A. (2010). Psychodynamic Psychotherapy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Szczuka, M., Kryszkiewicz, M., Ramanna, S., Jensen, R., & Hu, Q. (Eds.). (2010). Rough Sets and Current Trends in Computing: 7th International Conference, RSCTC 2010, Warsaw, Poland, June 28-30,2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6086). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bachrach, D. G., Ogilvie, J., Rapp, A., & Calamusa, J. (2016). Reward Programs: Loyalty at the Store Level. In J. Ogilvie, A. Rapp, & J. Calamusa (Eds.), More Than a Showroom: Strategies for Winning Back Online Shoppers (pp. 57–74). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Scheduling.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 21). Man Suffering From Headaches Turns Out To Have A Rare Species Of TAPEWORM Living In His Brain. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Government Financial Vulnerability: 14 Areas Needing Special Review (No. OCG-90-1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al-Qazzaz, A. L. (2013). A kinetic study of the radiolytic degradation of phthalates in aqueous solutions (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2013, September 2). A Roof Is Planned, but It’s a Waiting Game for Fans and Players. New York Times, p. D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marks 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Marks 2007; Szule and Coorssen 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szule and Coorssen 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Sañudo-Wilhelmy et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Scheduling
AbbreviationJ. Sched.
ISSN (print)1094-6136
ISSN (online)1099-1425
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Management Science and Operations Research
General Engineering

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