How to format your references using the Journal of Scheduling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Scheduling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fryzuk, M. D. (2013). Chemistry. More can be better in N2 activation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6140), 1530–1531.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coley, P. D., & Kursar, T. A. (2014). Ecology. On tropical forests and their pests. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6166), 35–36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pauly, D., Hilborn, R., & Branch, T. A. (2013). Fisheries: Does catch reflect abundance? Nature, 494(7437), 303–306.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Farrell, S. A., Webb, N. A., Barret, D., Godet, O., & Rodrigues, J. M. (2009). An intermediate-mass black hole of over 500 solar masses in the galaxy ESO 243-49. Nature, 460(7251), 73–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lovejoy, D. A. (2005). Neuroendocrinology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wu, H. (Ed.). (2007). TNF Receptor Associated Factors (TRAFs) (Vol. 597). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kitraki, E. (2014). BPA Effects In Vivo: Evidence from Animal Studies. In T. Eliades & G. Eliades (Eds.), Plastics in Dentistry and Estrogenicity: A Guide to Safe Practice (pp. 89–114). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Scheduling.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, May 28). Mystery Disease Driving Turtles To Extinction. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). DOD Business Transformation: Air Force’s Current Approach Increases Risk That Asset Visibility Goals and Transformation Priorities Will Not Be Achieved (No. GAO-08-866). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Neil, D. M. (2013). Climate frequencies of the early Holocene from Foy Lake, Montana (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Swanson, A. (2017, October 20). Internal Discord Hinders Trump’s Trade Agenda. New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fryzuk 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Coley and Kursar 2014; Fryzuk 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Coley and Kursar 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Farrell et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Scheduling
AbbreviationJ. Sched.
ISSN (print)1094-6136
ISSN (online)1099-1425
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Management Science and Operations Research
General Engineering

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