How to format your references using the Journal of Scheduling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Scheduling (J Sched). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fortey, R. A. (2002). Evolution: retrospective. Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002). Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5575), 1984.
A journal article with 2 authors
Teotónio, H., & Rose, M. R. (2000). Variation in the reversibility of evolution. Nature, 408(6811), 463–466.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmidt, D., Jiang, Q.-X., & MacKinnon, R. (2006). Phospholipids and the origin of cationic gating charges in voltage sensors. Nature, 444(7120), 775–779.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Piperno, D. R., Weiss, E., Holst, I., & Nadel, D. (2004). Processing of wild cereal grains in the Upper Palaeolithic revealed by starch grain analysis. Nature, 430(7000), 670–673.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coleman, D. D., Westcott, D. A., & Harkins, B. E. (2016). CWSP®: Certified Wireless Security Professional Study Guide CWSP-205. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lobo, F. G., Lima, C. F., & Michalewicz, Z. (Eds.). (2007). Parameter Setting in Evolutionary Algorithms (Vol. 54). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Srivastava, A., & Klassen, E. P. (2016). Functional Data and Elastic Registration. In E. P. Klassen (Ed.), Functional and Shape Data Analysis (pp. 73–123). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Scheduling.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 3). Cold Light: Astronomers Go To The Ends Of The Earth To See Cosmic Carbon. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Higher Education: Tuition Continues to Rise, but Patterns Vary by Institution Type, Enrollment, and Educational Expenditures (No. GAO-08-245). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belcher, J. T. (2009). Optimism, psychological well-being, and quality of life in females with Fibromyalgia Syndrome (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2012, May 22). New York Investigates Insurer Payments to Banks. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fortey 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Fortey 2002, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Teotónio and Rose 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Piperno et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Scheduling
AbbreviationJ. Sched.
ISSN (print)1094-6136
ISSN (online)1099-1425
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Management Science and Operations Research
General Engineering

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