How to format your references using the Journal of Scheduling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Scheduling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lloyd, D. R. (2003). Comment on “Salt-pump mechanism for contaminant intrusion into coastal aquifers.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5646), 784; author reply 784.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ratnieks, F. L. W., & Wenseleers, T. (2005). Evolution. Policing insect societies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5706), 54–56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, A. K., Anderson, D. M., & Overpeck, J. T. (2003). Abrupt changes in the Asian southwest monsoon during the Holocene and their links to the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature, 421(6921), 354–357.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Smith, D. E., Tans, S. J., Smith, S. B., Grimes, S., Anderson, D. L., & Bustamante, C. (2001). The bacteriophage straight phi29 portal motor can package DNA against a large internal force. Nature, 413(6857), 748–752.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steenbarger, B. N. (2015). Trading Psychology 2.0. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Monvel, A. B. de, & Bovier, A. (Eds.). (2009). Spin Glasses: Statics and Dynamics: Summer School, Paris 2007 (Vol. 62). Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Michielsen, K., De Raedt, H., & De Raedt, K. (2006). Deterministic Event-based Simulation of Universal Quantum Computation. In D. P. Landau, S. P. Lewis, & H.-B. Schüttler (Eds.), Computer Simulation Studies in Condensed-Matter Physics XVIII: Proceedings of the Eighteenth Workshop Athens, GA, USA, March 7–11, 2005 (pp. 32–36). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Scheduling.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, February 25). Fleeting Beauty of the Jewels of the Sea. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Hispanic Dropouts and Federal Programs (No. PEMD-94-18R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrews, M. (2014). Health literacy competencies for health professionals: A Delphi study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, May 27). Pick a Pocket, Any Pocket. New York Times, p. E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lloyd 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Lloyd 2003; Ratnieks and Wenseleers 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ratnieks and Wenseleers 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Scheduling
AbbreviationJ. Sched.
ISSN (print)1094-6136
ISSN (online)1099-1425
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Management Science and Operations Research
General Engineering

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