How to format your references using the Gastrointestinal Intervention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gastrointestinal Intervention (GII). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wilczek F. Setting standards. Nature. 2002;415(6869):265.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kim W-Y., Snider WD. Neuroscience. Overcoming inhibitions. Science. 2008;322(5903):869–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Tuomisto H., Ruokolainen K., Yli-Halla M. Dispersal, environment, and floristic variation of western Amazonian forests. Science. 2003;299(5604):241–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Oliver KM., Degnan PH., Hunter MS., Moran NA. Bacteriophages encode factors required for protection in a symbiotic mutualism. Science. 2009;325(5943):992–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Knudsen S. Guide to Analysis of DNA Microarray Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Duffy VG. Digital Human Modeling. Applications in Health, Safety, Ergonomics and Risk Management: Human Modeling: 6th International Conference, DHM 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Part I. vol. 9184. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Blankertz B., Tangermann M., Popescu F., Krauledat M., Fazli S., Dónaczy M., et al. The Berlin Brain-Computer Interface. In: Zurada JM, Yen GG, and Wang J, editors. Computational Intelligence: Research Frontiers: IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, WCCI 2008, Hong Kong, China, June 1-6, 2008, Plenary/Invited Lectures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 79–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gastrointestinal Intervention.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Bats Use Polarized Light To Calibrate Internal Compass. IFLScience. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/bats-use-polarized-light-calibrate-internal-compass/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Cloud Computing: Additional Opportunities and Savings Need to Be Pursued. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ciolek R. A Mixed Method Study on the Missouri Beginning Teachers Assistance Program and Teacher Retention in Saint Louis School Districts. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. Russian Local Elections Draw Charges of Fraud. New York Times. 2015:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGastrointestinal Intervention
ISSN (print)2213-1795
ISSN (online)2213-1809
ScopeGastroenterology
Hepatology
Oncology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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