How to format your references using the Gastrointestinal Intervention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gastrointestinal Intervention (GII). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Mungiu-Pippidi A. Corruption: Good governance powers innovation. Nature. 2015;518(7539):295–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Chen P-C., Xu Z-K. Mineral-coated polymer membranes with superhydrophilicity and underwater superoleophobicity for effective oil/water separation. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2776.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Son MY., Lee J-K., Kang YC. Fabrication and electrochemical performance of 0.6Li2MnO3-0.4Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O2 microspheres by two-step spray-drying process. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5752.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Piel FB., Howes RE., Patil AP., Nyangiri OA., Gething PW., Bhatt S., et al. The distribution of haemoglobin C and its prevalence in newborns in Africa. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1671.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Pohanish RP., Greene SA. Wiley Guide to Chemical Incompatibilities. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Piasecka L., Adams-Tukiendorf M., Wilk P. New Media and Perennial Problems in Foreign Language Learning and Teaching. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Csajbók ZE., Mihálydeák T. From Vagueness to Rough Sets in Partial Approximation Spaces. In: Kryszkiewicz M, Cornelis C, Ciucci D, Medina-Moreno J, Motoda H, and Raś ZW, editors. Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems Paradigms: Second International Conference, RSEISP 2014, Held as Part of JRS 2014, Granada and Madrid, Spain, July 9-13, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 42–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gastrointestinal Intervention.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. North America’s Oldest Horned Dinosaur Would Fit Snuggly in Your Arms. IFLScience. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/north-americas-oldest-horned-dinosaur-fits-nicely-your-arms/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Court Challenges to FCC’s Universal Service Order and Federal Support for Telecommunications for Schools and Libraries. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sarkar D. Nanopass compiler infrastructure. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rothenberg B. No. 1, but Not at the Top of Their Games. New York Times. 2017:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGastrointestinal Intervention
ISSN (print)2213-1795
ISSN (online)2213-1809
ScopeGastroenterology
Hepatology
Oncology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles