How to format your references using the Genome Announcements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genome Announcements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rockström J. 2015. A “perfect” agreement in Paris is not essential. Nature 527:411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kimble J, Page DC. 2007. The mysteries of sexual identity. The germ cell’s perspective. Science 316:400–401.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sampson SD, Carrano MT, Forster CA. 2001. A bizarre predatory dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar. Nature 409:504–506.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xu S, Yang Y, Dong L, Qiu W, Yang L, Wang X, Liu L. 2014. Construction and characteristics of an E-cadherin-related three-dimensional suspension growth model of ovarian cancer. Sci Rep 4:5646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lane D. 2011. The Chief Information Officer’s Body of Knowledge. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
2016. Trends and Challenges in Science and Higher Education: Building Capacity in Latin America1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Suhardi IA, Loviscach J. 2009. How to Steer Characters in Group Games, p. 48–58. In Pan, Z, Cheok, AD, Müller, W, Rhalibi, AE (eds.), Transactions on Edutainment II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genome Announcements.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Diesel Fumes And Your Health: VW Cover-Up Shows We Need To Test Local Cars. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. District of Columbia: Extent to Which Schools Receive Available Federal Education Grants. T-HEHS-98-239. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cacciola JA. 2010. A quantitative study on retaining leadership talent within a naval aviation squadron. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. 2017. Strange Weather. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleGenome Announcements
AbbreviationGenome Announc.
ISSN (online)2169-8287

Other styles