How to format your references using the Genome Announcements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genome Announcements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Price RM. 2012. IBI* series winner. How we got here: an inquiry-based activity about human evolution. Science 338:1554–1555.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldhaber-Gordon I, Goldhaber-Gordon D. 2005. Schrödinger’s mousetrap. Part 6. Nature 433:805.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pozzi F, Di Matteo T, Aste T. 2013. Spread of risk across financial markets: better to invest in the peripheries. Sci Rep 3:1665.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kapoor A, Goldberg MS, Cumberland LK, Ratnakumar K, Segura MF, Emanuel PO, Menendez S, Vardabasso C, Leroy G, Vidal CI, Polsky D, Osman I, Garcia BA, Hernando E, Bernstein E. 2010. The histone variant macroH2A suppresses melanoma progression through regulation of CDK8. Nature 468:1105–1109.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akers RM. 2016. Lactation and the Mammary Gland. Blackwell Publishing Company, Ames, Iowa.
An edited book
2011. Phosphorus Compounds: Advanced Tools in Catalysis and Material Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Alper AB. 2014. Pathogenesis of Diabetic Nephropathy: Hemodynamic Alterations/Renin Angiotensin System, p. 29–38. In Lerma, EV, Batuman, V (eds.), Diabetes and Kidney Disease. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genome Announcements.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2016. Tall People Are Better Hunters In The Dark. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Supplemental Student Loans: Legislative Changes Have Sharply Reduced Loan Volume. HRD-90-149FS. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peng E. 2017. Teaching and Coaching Brazilian Jiujitsu: An Instructional Manual. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. 2007. Supreme Court Ruling Limits State Control of Big Banks. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleGenome Announcements
AbbreviationGenome Announc.
ISSN (online)2169-8287

Other styles