How to format your references using the Genome Announcements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genome Announcements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mirkin SM. 2007. Expandable DNA repeats and human disease. Nature 447:932–940.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stone R, Lavine M. 2014. Robots. The social life of robots. Introduction. Science 346:178–179.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin H-K, Bergmann S, Pandolfi PP. 2004. Cytoplasmic PML function in TGF-beta signalling. Nature 431:205–211.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang H-F, Wu Z-X, Tang M, Lai Y-C. 2014. Effects of behavioral response and vaccination policy on epidemic spreading--an approach based on evolutionary-game dynamics. Sci Rep 4:5666.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight JG. 2005. Environmental Analysis and Technology for the Refining Industry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
2007. Building Supply Chain Excellence in Emerging Economies. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Langbein J. 2009. The Transnationalization of Change in Economic Institutions: The Case of Industrial Standards Regulations in Ukraine, p. 107–133. In Bruszt, L, Holzhacker, R (eds.), The Transnationalization of Economies, States, and Civil Societies: New Challenges for Governance in Europe. Springer US, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genome Announcements.

Blog post
Fang J. 2015. Leafcutter Ants Fight Fungus Infections with Antimicrobials. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. The Guaranteed Student Loan Information System Needs a Thorough Redesign To Account for the Expenditure of Billions. HRD-81-139. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guillory MK. 2017. An Analysis of Corporal Punishment Practices in the State of Tennessee. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ. 2017. ADP Says Activist Investor Seeks Half Of Its Board Seats and a New C.E.O. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleGenome Announcements
AbbreviationGenome Announc.
ISSN (online)2169-8287

Other styles