How to format your references using the Genome Announcements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genome Announcements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowak MA. 2015. John Forbes Nash (1928-2015). Nature 522:420.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pardo M, Nurse P. 2003. Equatorial retention of the contractile actin ring by microtubules during cytokinesis. Science 300:1569–1574.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haas JS, Zavala B, Landisman CE. 2011. Activity-dependent long-term depression of electrical synapses. Science 334:389–393.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Isles AR, Baum MJ, Ma D, Keverne EB, Allen ND. 2001. Urinary odour preferences in mice. Nature 409:783–784.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic S. 2005. Advanced Wireless Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Oliveira LB. 2008. Analysis and Design of Quadrature Oscillators. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Schouten M, Papaloukas N, Bielefeld P, Fratantoni SA, Fitzsimons CP. 2016. Epigenetic Mechanisms Regulating the Transition from Embryonic Stem Cells Towards a Differentiated Neural Progeny, p. 151–173. In Steinhoff, G (ed.), Regenerative Medicine - from Protocol to Patient: 1. Biology of Tissue Regeneration. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genome Announcements.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2014. Humans Took Away Dogs’ Mathematical Abilities. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. The Effects of Changes in the Telecommunications Industry on FCC Operations. 122443. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Constantine S. 2013. Supportive services for transitional and emancipated youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik JF. 2016. The Next Hot Start-Up Benefit Could Be a 401(k). New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleGenome Announcements
AbbreviationGenome Announc.
ISSN (online)2169-8287

Other styles