How to format your references using the Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paulsson J. Summing up the noise in gene networks. Nature. 2004 Jan 29;427(6973):415–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haran B, Poliakoff M. SPORE series winner. The periodic table of videos. Science. 2011 May 27;332(6033):1046–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cho Y, Lee JB, Hong J. Controlled release of an anti-cancer drug from DNA structured nano-films. Sci Rep. 2014 Feb 12;4:4078.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gostissa M, Yan CT, Bianco JM, Cogné M, Pinaud E, Alt FW. Long-range oncogenic activation of Igh-c-myc translocations by the Igh 3’ regulatory region. Nature. 2009 Dec 10;462(7274):803–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pierce DR. Project Scheduling and Management for Construction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Russo J, editor. Environment and Breast Cancer. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Monnet C, Klug C, De Baets K. Evolutionary Patterns of Ammonoids: Phenotypic Trends, Convergence, and Parallel Evolution. In: Klug C, Korn D, De Baets K, Kruta I, Mapes RH, editors. Ammonoid Paleobiology: From macroevolution to paleogeography. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 95–142. (Topics in Geobiology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E. Air Pollution Causes More Than 3 Million Premature Deaths A Year Worldwide [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/air-pollution-causes-more-3-million-premature-deaths-year-worldwide/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airport Funding: FAA’s and Industry’s Cost Estimates for Airport Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017 Mar. Report No.: GAO-17-504T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyd JL. Interactive simulations: Improving learning retention in knowledge-based online training courses [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Kremlin Opposes K.G.B. Statue. New York Times. 2002 Sep 20;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paulsson 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Paulsson 2004; Haran and Poliakoff 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haran and Poliakoff 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Gostissa et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering
ISSN (print)1674-7755
Scope

Other styles