How to format your references using the Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berlin A. Microbiology. No barriers to cellulose breakdown. Science. 2013 Dec 20;342(6165):1454–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maxfield FR, Tabas I. Role of cholesterol and lipid organization in disease. Nature. 2005 Dec 1;438(7068):612–21.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shim JH, Haule K, Kotliar G. Fluctuating valence in a correlated solid and the anomalous properties of delta-plutonium. Nature. 2007 Mar 29;446(7135):513–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ghosh D, Griswold J, Erman M, Pangborn W. Structural basis for androgen specificity and oestrogen synthesis in human aromatase. Nature. 2009 Jan 8;457(7226):219–23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen N. Aerothermodynamics of Turbomachinery. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Graf S, Viswanathan M, editors. Formal Techniques for Distributed Objects, Components, and Systems: 35th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, FORTE 2015, Held as Part of the 10th International Federated Conference on Distributed Computing Techniques, DisCoTec 2015, Grenoble, France, June 2-4, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 9039).
A chapter in an edited book
Hughes GRV, Sangle S. Kidney. In: Hughes GRV, Sangle S, editors. Clinician’s Manual on Lupus. Tarporley: Springer Healthcare Ltd.; 2012. p. 23–5.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz S. Scientists Translate Monkey Sounds To English. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Federal Coordination for Responding to In-flight Security Threats Has Matured, but Procedures Can Be Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Jul. Report No.: GAO-07-891R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams S. A study of childhood eating habits in the United States and their association with race and gender [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. New Treasury Rules Ease 401(k) Annuity Purchase. New York Times. 2012 Feb 3;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berlin 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Maxfield and Tabas 2005; Berlin 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maxfield and Tabas 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Ghosh et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering
ISSN (print)1674-7755
Scope

Other styles