How to format your references using the Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A. CERN collider project back on track. Nature. 2002;420(6917):721.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thomas CD, Williamson M. Extinction and climate change. Nature. 2012 Feb 22;482(7386):E4-5; author reply E5-6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Noble MEM, Endicott JA, Johnson LN. Protein kinase inhibitors: insights into drug design from structure. Science. 2004 Mar 19;303(5665):1800–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hoffmann DL, Standish CD, García-Diez M, Pettitt PB, Milton JA, Zilhão J, et al. Response to Comment on “U-Th dating of carbonate crusts reveals Neandertal origin of Iberian cave art.” Science. 2018 Oct 12;362(6411).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fortey RA, Bruton DL. Lower Ordovician Trilobites of the Kirtonryggen Formation, Spitsbergen. Norway: The Lethaia Foundation; 2013.
An edited book
Bashiri A, Harlev A, Agarwal A, editors. Recurrent Pregnancy Loss: Evidence-Based Evaluation, Diagnosis and Treatment. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Aucher G. Principles of Knowledge, Belief and Conditional Belief. In: Rebuschi M, Batt M, Heinzmann G, Lihoreau F, Musiol M, Trognon A, editors. Interdisciplinary Works in Logic, Epistemology, Psychology and Linguistics: Dialogue, Rationality, and Formalism. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 97–134. (Logic, Argumentation & Reasoning).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew D. What Is The Dark Web And How Does It Work? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/what-is-the-dark-web-and-how-does-it-work/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Mediation Board: Strengthening Planning and Controls Could Better Facilitate Rail and Air Labor Relations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Dec. Report No.: GAO-14-5.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis SS. Identification of Stress-Responsive Genes in the Early Larval Stage of the Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. It Could Be Sharks Versus Sharks In This Rumble on the Waterfront. New York Times. 2003 Feb 23;146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2002, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thomas and Williamson 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Hoffmann et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering
ISSN (print)1674-7755
Scope

Other styles