How to format your references using the Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. It could be worse. Nature. 2003 Oct 16;425(6959):745.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng Z, Tsourkas A. Monitoring phospholipase A₂ activity with Gd-encapsulated phospholipid liposomes. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 7;4:6958.
A journal article with 3 authors
Biertümpfel C, Yang W, Suck D. Crystal structure of T4 endonuclease VII resolving a Holliday junction. Nature. 2007 Oct 4;449(7162):616–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hornekaer L, Baurichter A, Petrunin VV, Field D, Luntz AC. Importance of surface morphology in interstellar H2 formation. Science. 2003 Dec 12;302(5652):1943–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGeough JA. The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Seiler F, Igra O, editors. Hypervelocity Launchers. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. (Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library; vol. 10).
A chapter in an edited book
Villalobos FJ, Fereres E, Testi L. Wind and Turbulent Transport. In: Villalobos FJ, Fereres E, editors. Principles of Agronomy for Sustainable Agriculture. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 52 Of The Most Common Myths and Misconceptions Debunked In One Infographic [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/52-common-myths-and-misconceptions-debunked/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Improved Accounting Control Over Equipment at the Kennedy Space Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970 Aug. Report No.: B-169658.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caballero Suarez OL. Effects of ion correlations in high density plasmas: Neutrino scattering and transport properties in supernovae and neutron star crusts [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Shear MD. How I Learned Comey Was Out. New York Times. 2017 May 11;A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2003; Cheng and Tsourkas 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheng and Tsourkas 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Hornekaer et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering
ISSN (print)1674-7755
Scope

Other styles