How to format your references using the Aquaculture Environment Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture Environment Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nosengo N (2003) Pollution fears put work at neutrino laboratory on hold. Nature 423:675.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huxley A & Green AG (2007) Physics. Electrons acquire a split personality in bismuth. Science 317:1694–1695.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ginsberg NS, Garner SR & Hau LV (2007) Coherent control of optical information with matter wave dynamics. Nature 445:623–626.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Boetius A, Ravenschlag K, Schubert CJ, Rickert D, Widdel F, Gieseke A, Amann R, Jørgensen BB, Witte U & Pfannkuche O (2000) A marine microbial consortium apparently mediating anaerobic oxidation of methane. Nature 407:623–626.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tsai CS (2006) Biomacromolecules. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Muga G, Ruschhaupt A & Campo A del eds. (2009) Time in Quantum Mechanics - Vol. 2. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kolaczyk ED & Csárdi G (2014) Descriptive Analysis of Network Graph Characteristics. In: Statistical Analysis of Network Data with R. Use R!, G. Csárdi (ed). Springer: New York, NY. pp. 43–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture Environment Interactions.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) New Theory Suggests Parallel Universes Interact With And Affect Our Own Universe. Available at: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Runway Safety: Progress on Reducing Runway Incursions Impeded by Leadership, Technology, and Other Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barrios G (2012) Outreach program to address the unmet needs of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) Richards-Ross Breaks American Drought In the Women’s 400. New York Times:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nosengo 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Nosengo 2003; Huxley & Green 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huxley & Green 2007)
  • Three authors: (Ginsberg, Garner & Hau 2007)
  • 99 or more authors: (Boetius, Ravenschlag, Schubert, Rickert, Widdel, Gieseke, Amann, Jørgensen, Witte & Pfannkuche 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture Environment Interactions
AbbreviationAquac. Environ. Interact.
ISSN (print)1869-215X
ISSN (online)1869-7534
ScopeAquatic Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology

Other styles