How to format your references using the Aquaculture Environment Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture Environment Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage N (2015) Mobile data: Made to measure. Nature 527:S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore JN, Simmons SF (2013) Geophysics. More power from below. Science 340:933–934.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmauss C, Lee-McDermott Z, Medina LR (2014) Trans-generational effects of early life stress: the role of maternal behavior. Sci Rep 4:4873.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tonolini F, Chan S, Agnew M, Lindsay A, Leach J (2014) Reconstructing high-dimensional two-photon entangled states via compressive sensing. Sci Rep 4:6542.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rassool GH (2010) Addiction for Nurses. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Salo A, Keisler J, Morton A (eds) (2011) Portfolio Decision Analysis: Improved Methods for Resource Allocation. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Humphrey MA, Burkart AR (2010) Infrastructure Development Through Civil Nuclear Cooperation. In: Nuclear Power and Energy Security. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, Apikyan SA, Diamond DJ (eds) Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, p 23–26

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture Environment Interactions.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) How To Stop A Zombie Apocalypse – With Science. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Business Systems Modernization: IRS Needs to Complete Recent Efforts to Develop Policies and Procedures to Guide Requirements Development and Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cheung LC (2017) Mixture models for left- and interval-censored data and concordance indices for composite survival outcomes. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM (2013) Local Bakeries Prepare for Holiday Overdrive. New York Times:LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Moore & Simmons 2013, Savage 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moore & Simmons 2013)
  • Three authors: (Schmauss et al. 2014)
  • 99 or more authors: (Tonolini et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture Environment Interactions
AbbreviationAquac. Environ. Interact.
ISSN (print)1869-215X
ISSN (online)1869-7534
ScopeAquatic Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology

Other styles