How to format your references using the Aquaculture Environment Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture Environment Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quadir IZ (2012) Education. Entrepreneurship training for the developing world. Science 335:1445–1446.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nori F, Tonomura A (2006) Applied physics. Helical spin order on the move. Science 311:344–345.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gollihar J, Levy M, Ellington AD (2014) Biochemistry. Many paths to the origin of life. Science 343:259–260.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hafez IH, Berber MR, Fujigaya T, Nakashima N (2014) Enhancement of platinum mass activity on the surface of polymer-wrapped carbon nanotube-based fuel cell electrocatalysts. Sci Rep 4:6295.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dye FJ (2017) Dictionary of Stem Cells, Regenerative Medicine, and Translational Medicine. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Kazakov D, Smadja G (eds) (2005) Particle Physics and Cosmology: The Interface: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Particle Physics and Cosmology: The Interface Cargèse, France 4–16 August 2003. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Rappolee DA, Armant DR (2009) Cell Signaling. In: Bioinformatics for Systems Biology. Krawetz S (ed) Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, p 89–104

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture Environment Interactions.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Astronomers Have Found The Roundest Object In The Universe. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Statutory Copyright Licensing: Implications of a Phaseout on Access to Television Programming and Consumer Prices Are Unclear. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bernstine JT (2015) Experiences of Students Transferring from Community and Technical Colleges to a Private Nonprofit University. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) An Obvious Case For Instant Replay. New York Times:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Quadir 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Nori & Tonomura 2006, Quadir 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nori & Tonomura 2006)
  • Three authors: (Gollihar et al. 2014)
  • 99 or more authors: (Hafez et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture Environment Interactions
AbbreviationAquac. Environ. Interact.
ISSN (print)1869-215X
ISSN (online)1869-7534
ScopeAquatic Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology

Other styles