How to format your references using the Aquaculture Environment Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture Environment Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leutgeb S (2008) Neuroscience. Detailed differences. Science 319:1623–1624.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhu L, Wang J (2014) Arbitrary manipulation of spatial amplitude and phase using phase-only spatial light modulators. Sci Rep 4:7441.
A journal article with 3 authors
Galbraith CG, Yamada KM, Galbraith JA (2007) Polymerizing actin fibers position integrins primed to probe for adhesion sites. Science 315:992–995.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ostapcuk V, Mohn F, Carl SH, Basters A, Hess D, Iesmantavicius V, Lampersberger L, Flemr M, Pandey A, Thomä NH, Betschinger J, Bühler M (2018) Activity-dependent neuroprotective protein recruits HP1 and CHD4 to control lineage-specifying genes. Nature 557:739–743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Helsel DR (2011) Statistics for Censored Environmental Data Using Minitab® and R. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mahmood Z (ed) (2014) Cloud Computing: Challenges, Limitations and R&D Solutions. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Gulko E, Miller T, Brook A (2016) Technical Considerations in Percutaneous Placement of Spinal Cord Stimulation Devices. In: Spinal Canal Stenosis. Manfrè L (ed) Springer International Publishing, Cham, p 87–93

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture Environment Interactions.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Black Hole Spinning at Half Light Speed. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Biotechnology: Information on Prices of Genetically Modified Seeds in the United States and Argentina. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weber TR (2010) Tailored charged particle beams from single-component plasmas. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2015) Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times:C29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leutgeb 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Leutgeb 2008, Zhu & Wang 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhu & Wang 2014)
  • Three authors: (Galbraith et al. 2007)
  • 99 or more authors: (Ostapcuk et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture Environment Interactions
AbbreviationAquac. Environ. Interact.
ISSN (print)1869-215X
ISSN (online)1869-7534
ScopeAquatic Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology

Other styles