How to format your references using the Aquaculture Environment Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture Environment Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Williams E (2011) Environmental effects of information and communications technologies. Nature 479:354–358.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clarke J, Wilhelm FK (2008) Superconducting quantum bits. Nature 453:1031–1042.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baarlink C, Wang H, Grosse R (2013) Nuclear actin network assembly by formins regulates the SRF coactivator MAL. Science 340:864–867.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou Y, Li S, Zhou W, Zu X, Gao F (2014) Evidencing the existence of intrinsic half-metallicity and ferromagnetism in zigzag gallium sulfide nanoribbons. Sci Rep 4:5773.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson SK, Handelsman MM (2009) Ethics for Psychotherapists and Counselors. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Catthoor F (2010) Ultra-Low Energy Domain-Specific Instruction-Set Processors. Raghavan P, Lambrechts A, Jayapala M, Kritikakou A, Absar J (eds) Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Powsner S (2015) Psychiatric Consultation in the Emergency Setting. In: Handbook of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry. Leigh H, Streltzer J (eds) Springer International Publishing, Cham, p 39–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture Environment Interactions.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Giant Slugs Are Breaking Into Bird Nests And Eating The Chicks. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Air Passenger Screening: Transportation Security Administration Needs to Improve Complaint Processes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maranhao B (2015) Efficient identification of disease causative mutations with next generation sequencing technologies. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kercher S (2017) At This Pawnshop, the Loan Is in the Bag. New York Times:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Williams 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Clarke & Wilhelm 2008, Williams 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clarke & Wilhelm 2008)
  • Three authors: (Baarlink et al. 2013)
  • 99 or more authors: (Zhou et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture Environment Interactions
AbbreviationAquac. Environ. Interact.
ISSN (print)1869-215X
ISSN (online)1869-7534
ScopeAquatic Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology

Other styles