How to format your references using the Plant Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Motavalli J (2015) Technology: A solid future. Nature 526: S96-7
A journal article with 2 authors
Kiers ET, West SA (2015) Evolutionary biology. Evolving new organisms via symbiosis. Science 348: 392–394
A journal article with 3 authors
Fromm M, Nedoluha G, Charvát Z (2013) Comment on “Large volcanic aerosol load in the stratosphere linked to Asian monsoon transport.” Science 339: 647
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wilson CW, Nguyen CT, Chen M-H, Yang J-H, Gacayan R, Huang J, Chen J-N, Chuang P-T (2009) Fused has evolved divergent roles in vertebrate Hedgehog signalling and motile ciliogenesis. Nature 459: 98–102

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yan SY (2012) Computational Number Theory and Modern Cryptography. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Fusionopolis Walk, Singapore
An edited book
Peters M, ed (2009) Computational Fluid Dynamics for Sport Simulation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Lüttich K, Mossakowski T (2007) Reasoning Support for Casl with Automated Theorem Proving Systems. In JL Fiadeiro, P-Y Schobbens, eds, Recent Trends in Algebraic Development Techniques: 18th International Workshop, WADT 2006, La Roche en Ardenne, Belgium, June 1-3, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 74–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Physiology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Why Is The Sun’s Atmosphere So Much Hotter Than Its Surface? IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Utilization at Aberdeen Proving Ground’s ADP Installation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayberry DS (2017) Total Relaxation Center, LLC. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski SF (2013) Supervisors Of Gunman Were Told Of Issues. New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Motavalli, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kiers and West, 2015; Motavalli, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kiers and West, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Wilson et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Physiology
AbbreviationPlant Physiol.
ISSN (print)0032-0889
ISSN (online)1532-2548
ScopePlant Science

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