How to format your references using the Plant Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Socha JJ (2002) Gliding flight in the paradise tree snake. Nature 418: 603–604
A journal article with 2 authors
Alsdorf DE, Lettenmaier DP (2003) Geophysics. Tracking fresh water from space. Science 301: 1491–1494
A journal article with 3 authors
Salter MG, Franklin KA, Whitelam GC (2003) Gating of the rapid shade-avoidance response by the circadian clock in plants. Nature 426: 680–683
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Block BA, Jonsen ID, Jorgensen SJ, Winship AJ, Shaffer SA, Bograd SJ, Hazen EL, Foley DG, Breed GA, Harrison A-L, et al (2011) Tracking apex marine predator movements in a dynamic ocean. Nature 475: 86–90

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McDonnell G, Sheard D (2012) A Practical Guide to Decontamination in Healthcare. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Martens UM, ed (2010) Small Molecules in Oncology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Delicata R, Schneider S (2006) A Formal Approach for Reasoning About a Class of Diffie-Hellman Protocols. In T Dimitrakos, F Martinelli, PYA Ryan, S Schneider, eds, Formal Aspects in Security and Trust: Thrid International Workshop, FAST 2005, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, July 18-19, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 34–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Physiology.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Stunning Video Depicts Cassini Spacecraft’s Dramatic End. IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Computer Misuse by the Sigma Corporation, a NASA Contractor. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Montano M (2010) Supporting juvenile offenders reentering the community: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) Just Call Them Edwardian. New York Times E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Socha, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Socha, 2002; Alsdorf and Lettenmaier, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alsdorf and Lettenmaier, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Block et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Physiology
AbbreviationPlant Physiol.
ISSN (print)0032-0889
ISSN (online)1532-2548
ScopePlant Science

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