How to format your references using the Plant Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneider WH (2013) Philanthropy: the difficult art of giving. Nature 497: 311–312
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng Z, Tsourkas A (2014) Monitoring phospholipase A₂ activity with Gd-encapsulated phospholipid liposomes. Sci Rep 4: 6958
A journal article with 3 authors
Song B-S, Noda S, Asano T (2003) Photonic devices based on in-plane hetero photonic crystals. Science 300: 1537
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Song C-L, Wang Y-L, Cheng P, Jiang Y-P, Li W, Zhang T, Li Z, He K, Wang L, Jia J-F, et al (2011) Direct observation of nodes and twofold symmetry in FeSe superconductor. Science 332: 1410–1413

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kompare D (2010) CSI. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Badrignans B, Danger JL, Fischer V, Gogniat G, Torres L, eds (2011) Security Trends for FPGAS: From Secured to Secure Reconfigurable Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Ecker W, Esen V, Steininger T, Velten M (2009) HW/SW Interface. In W Ecker, W Müller, R Dömer, eds, Hardware-dependent Software: Principles and Practice. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 95–149

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Physiology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Astronomers Spot Millions Of Stars Forming In Small Nearby Galaxy. IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) National Airspace System Modernization: Observations on Potential Funding Options for FAA and the Next Generation Airspace System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams C (2013) It’s not a beauty pageant!: An examination of leadership development through Alaska native pageants. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) Vanishing Patricians, and Then What? New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gouverneur, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Balter, 2001; Weintraub, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheng and Tsourkas, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chiritescu et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Physiology
AbbreviationPlant Physiol.
ISSN (print)0032-0889
ISSN (online)1532-2548
ScopePlant Science

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