How to format your references using the Journal of Research in Personality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Research in Personality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain, S. (2015). A potted history. Nature, 525(7570), S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arokiaraj, M. C., & Palacios, I. F. (2014). Finite element modeling of a novel self-expanding endovascular stent method in treatment of aortic aneurysms. Scientific Reports, 4, 3630.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reiner, J. W., Walker, F. J., & Ahn, C. H. (2009). Materials science. Atomically engineered oxide interfaces. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5917), 1018–1019.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhu, Y., Murali, S., Stoller, M. D., Ganesh, K. J., Cai, W., Ferreira, P. J., Pirkle, A., Wallace, R. M., Cychosz, K. A., Thommes, M., Su, D., Stach, E. A., & Ruoff, R. S. (2011). Carbon-based supercapacitors produced by activation of graphene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6037), 1537–1541.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Donham, K. J., & Thelin, A. (2016). Agricultural Medicine. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kuhn, D. (2005). Generalized Bounds for Convex Multistage Stochastic Programs (M. Beckmann, H. P. Künzi, G. Fandel, W. Trockel, A. Basile, A. Drexl, H. Dawid, K. Inderfurth, W. Kürsten, & U. Schittko, Eds.; Vol. 548). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Seeram, E., & Sil, J. (2013). Computed Tomography: Physical Principles, Instrumentation, and Quality Control. In D. W. Jones, P. Hogg, & E. Seeram (Eds.), Practical SPECT/CT in Nuclear Medicine (pp. 77–107). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Research in Personality.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, May 30). Supercharged Vancomycin Kills Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Broadcast and Cable Television: Requirements for Identifying Sponsored Programming Should Be Clarified (GAO-13-237). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ayres, R. (2017). Optimization of a Novel Oxy-Michael Ugi-Smiles Reaction [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gregory Mankiw, N., & Summers, L. H. (2015, October 24). Uniting Behind a Divisive Health Tax. New York Times, BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pain, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Arokiaraj & Palacios, 2014; Pain, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arokiaraj & Palacios, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Reiner et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhu et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Research in Personality
AbbreviationJ. Res. Pers.
ISSN (print)0092-6566
ScopeGeneral Psychology
Social Psychology

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