How to format your references using the Journal of Research in Personality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Research in Personality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pearson, H. (2003). Mystery virus slow to yield its identity as patient numbers rise. Nature, 422(6930), 364.
A journal article with 2 authors
Després, J.-P., & Lemieux, I. (2006). Abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome. Nature, 444(7121), 881–887.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fish, J., Raule, N., & Attardi, G. (2004). Discovery of a major D-loop replication origin reveals two modes of human mtDNA synthesis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5704), 2098–2101.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wild, E. M., Teschler-Nicola, M., Kutschera, W., Steier, P., Trinkaus, E., & Wanek, W. (2005). Direct dating of Early Upper Palaeolithic human remains from Mladec. Nature, 435(7040), 332–335.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena, F. B. (2008). Color Atlas of Local and Systemic Signs of Cardiovascular Disease. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Chan, T. S., & Cui, G. (Eds.). (2016). Asian Businesses in a Turbulent Environment: Uncertainty and Coping Strategies. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Al-Jumaili, M. I., Rauhala, V., Jonsson, K., Karim, R., & Parida, A. (2014). Aspects of Data Quality in eMaintenance: A Case Study of Process Industry in Northern Europe. In J. Lee, J. Ni, J. Sarangapani, & J. Mathew (Eds.), Engineering Asset Management 2011: Proceedings of the Sixth World Congress on Engineering Asset Management (pp. 41–51). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Research in Personality.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, May 2). Arabic Records Found Of Supernova In 1006. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Public Transit: Information on Job Access and Reverse Commute Activities after 2012 Statutory Changes (No. GAO-17-483). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oduntan, A. (2017). The Rheological Study of the Effects of Surfactant and Hydrophilic Bentonite Nano clay on Oil in Water Emulsions for Enhanced Oil Recovery (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tomasky, M. (2017, May 20). Paul Ryan’s Discontent. New York Times, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pearson, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Després & Lemieux, 2006; Pearson, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Després & Lemieux, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Fish, Raule, & Attardi, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wild et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Research in Personality
AbbreviationJ. Res. Pers.
ISSN (print)0092-6566
ScopeGeneral Psychology
Social Psychology

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