How to format your references using the Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Temple S. The development of neural stem cells. Nature. 2001;414:112–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Johnston KP, Shah PS. Materials science. Making nanoscale materials with supercritical fluids. Science. 2004;303:482–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Basole A, White LE, Fitzpatrick D. Mapping multiple features in the population response of visual cortex. Nature. 2003;423:986–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yoshida T, Jones LE, Ellner SP, Fussmann GF, Hairston NG Jr. Rapid evolution drives ecological dynamics in a predator-prey system. Nature. 2003;424:303–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Yao Y, Liu S. Ultrasonic Technology for Desiccant Regeneration. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Briscoe J. Nanostructured Piezoelectric Energy Harvesters. Dunn S, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Riedl R, Léger P-M. Topics in NeuroIS and a Taxonomy of Neuroscience Theories in NeuroIS. In: Léger P-M, editor. Fundamentals of NeuroIS: Information Systems and the Brain. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. p. 73–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. #ILookLikeAnEngineer Shines A Welcome Light On Industry’s Diversity. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak Faces Challenges in Improving Its Financial Condition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Oct. Report No.: T-RCED-00-30.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pan A. The Mental Health and Well-Being of College Students in Cambodia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hartman S. Keepers of the Spanish Flame. New York Times. 2015 Dec 6;MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
AbbreviationMatern. Health Neonatol. Perinatol.
ISSN (online)2054-958X

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