How to format your references using the Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Parada LV. Public health: Life lessons. Nature. 2011;480:S11-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rainey PB, Rainey K. Evolution of cooperation and conflict in experimental bacterial populations. Nature. 2003;425:72–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Oh JS, Susor A, Conti M. Protein tyrosine kinase Wee1B is essential for metaphase II exit in mouse oocytes. Science. 2011;332:462–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Norell M, Ji Q, Gao K, Yuan C, Zhao Y, Wang L. Palaeontology: “modern” feathers on a non-avian dinosaur. Nature. 2002;416:36–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Stocker AA. Analog VLSI Circuits for the Perception of Visual Motion. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Jawahar CV, Shan S, editors. Computer Vision - ACCV 2014 Workshops: Singapore, Singapore, November 1-2, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Part III. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Miyazaki K, Takekuma S-I. On the equivalence between the rejective core and the dividend equilibrium: a note. In: Kusuoka S, Maruyama T, editors. Advances in Mathematical Economics Volume 16. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2012. p. 111–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Study Provides Insight Into The Recovery Of Consciousness After Anesthesia. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Competition in the Mobile Communications Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Oct. Report No.: T-RCED-96-20.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cervantes-Kelly MD. Translation and interpretation as a means to improve bilingual high school students’ English and Spanish academic language proficiency [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B, Spencer H, Ember S. Magazine Loses Suit Charging Defamation. New York Times. 2016 Nov 4;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
AbbreviationMatern. Health Neonatol. Perinatol.
ISSN (online)2054-958X

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