How to format your references using the Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Powell K. Glittering prizes. Nature. 2004;428:676–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kovács IA, Barabási A-L. Network science: Destruction perfected. Nature. 2015;524:38–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zeng C, Liu X, Wang G. Electrically tunable graphene plasmonic quasicrystal metasurfaces for transformation optics. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5763.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schultz T, Samoylova E, Radloff W, Hertel IV, Sobolewski AL, Domcke W. Efficient deactivation of a model base pair via excited-state hydrogen transfer. Science. 2004;306:1765–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Vallin RW. The Elements of Cantor Sets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Lyubimov D. Micromechanisms of Friction and Wear: Introduction to Relativistic Tribology. Dolgopolov K, Pinchuk L, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Reinaldo F, Camacho R, Reis LP, Magalhães DR. Fine-Tune Artificial Neural Networks Automatically. In: Mastorakis N, Mladenov V, Kontargyri VT, editors. Proceedings of the European Computing Conference: Volume 1. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009. p. 39–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Multitasking Alters Your Gray Matter. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: Actions Needed to Better Position NASA to Sustain Its Workforce Through Retirement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Mar. Report No.: GAO-05-230.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mihalas ST. Positive protective factors as moderators in the relationship between relational victimization and depression in minority adolescents [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Leland J. Chess Tournament Kicks Off With V.I.P. Treatment. New York Times. 2016 Nov 12;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
AbbreviationMatern. Health Neonatol. Perinatol.
ISSN (online)2054-958X

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