How to format your references using the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 H. Hoag, “Southern light,” Nature 447(7146), 882 (2007).
A journal article with 2 authors
1 J.M. Blondin, and A. Mezzacappa, “Pulsar spins from an instability in the accretion shock of supernovae,” Nature 445(7123), 58–60 (2007).
A journal article with 3 authors
1 K.M. Esvelt, J.C. Carlson, and D.R. Liu, “A system for the continuous directed evolution of biomolecules,” Nature 472(7344), 499–503 (2011).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1 C. Wang, S. Xiao, Y. Li, H. Zhong, X. Li, and F. Peng, “Methane formation and consumption processes in Xiangxi Bay of the Three Gorges Reservoir,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4449 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 C. Wren, Concise Guide to Pediatric Arrhythmias (Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2011).
An edited book
1 N. Chriss, Representation Theory and Complex Geometry, 1st ed. (Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, 2010).
A chapter in an edited book
1 B.M. Sundaram, and H.V. Tippur, in Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Volume 1: Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, edited by B. Song, L. Lamberson, D. Casem, and J. Kimberley (Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016), pp. 25–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy.

Blog post
1 E. Andrew, “Watch The Earth Open And Close During Japan’s 2011 Earthquake,” IFLScience, (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 Government Accountability Office, Explosives Detection Canines: TSA Has Enhanced Its Canine Program, but Opportunities May Exist to Reduce Costs (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 K.L. Smith, Initial Construct Validation of the Color Figure Mazes Test, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 G. Johnson, “Gamblers, Scientists and the Hot Hand,” New York Times, SR4 (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy
AbbreviationJ. Renew. Sustain. Energy
ISSN (online)1941-7012
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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