How to format your references using the Acta Analytica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Analytica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morrow, R. (2008). Engineering. Wi-Fi-Fo-Fum. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5879), 1018–1019.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eichelkraut, T., & Szameit, A. (2015). Photonics: Random sudoku light. Nature, 526(7575), 643–644.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tilmann, F., Ni, J., & INDEPTH III Seismic Team. (2003). Seismic imaging of the downwelling Indian lithosphere beneath central Tibet. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5624), 1424–1427.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, H.-T., Chen, Z., Vicsek, T., Feng, G., Sun, L., Su, R., & Zhou, T. (2014). Route-dependent switch between hierarchical and egalitarian strategies in pigeon flocks. Scientific reports, 4, 5805.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Serval, J.-F., & Tranié, J.-P. (2014). The Monetary System. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Turner, P., & Harviainen, J. T. (Eds.). (2016). Digital Make-Believe. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Jacobs-Lorena, M. (2006). Genetic approaches for malaria control. In C. Louis (Ed.), Bridging laboratory and field research for genetic control of disease vectors (pp. 53–65). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Analytica.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, March 6). Post-Menopausal Killer Whales Lead the Pod. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Aviation Security: Improved Controls Needed To Prevent Unauthorized Access at Key Airports (No. RCED-88-86). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Knight, A. K. (2017). Beyond Leveraged Purchasing: Using Strengthened Buyer/Supplier Relationships to Accomplish Sustainable Strategic Sourcing and Smarter Single Source Acquisitions (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K., & Pilon, M. (2012, June 29). After Tying in 100, Advancing in 200. New York Times, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morrow 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Eichelkraut and Szameit 2015; Morrow 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eichelkraut and Szameit 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Analytica
AbbreviationActa Anal.
ISSN (print)0353-5150
ISSN (online)1874-6349

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