How to format your references using the Journal of Religious Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Religious Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maddox, B. (2003). The double helix and the “wronged heroine.” Nature, 421(6921), 407–408.
A journal article with 2 authors
Canadell, J. G., & Raupach, M. R. (2008). Managing forests for climate change mitigation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5882), 1456–1457.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Y., Magan, J. J., & Blau, W. J. (2014). A general strategy for hybrid thin film fabrication and transfer onto arbitrary substrates. Scientific reports, 4, 4822.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tzur, A., Kafri, R., LeBleu, V. S., Lahav, G., & Kirschner, M. W. (2009). Cell growth and size homeostasis in proliferating animal cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5937), 167–171.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, P., & Burger, J. (2009). Configuring SAP® ERP Financials and Controlling. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Busch, P. (2016). Quantum Measurement. (P. Lahti, J.-P. Pellonpää, & K. Ylinen, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gouyon, J.-B. (2016). ‘You Can’t Make a Film About Mice Just by Going Out into a Meadow and Looking at Mice’: Staging as Knowledge Production in Natural History Film-making. In M. Willis (Ed.), Staging Science: Scientific Performance on Street, Stage and Screen (pp. 83–103). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Religious Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 31). Scientists Translate Penguin Calls. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Payments for Independent Research and Development and Bid and Proposal Costs (No. B-167034). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tuquero, J. M. (2010). A meta-ethnographic synthesis of support services for adult learners in distance learning programs (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, August 10). Film Series. New York Times, p. C20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maddox 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Canadell and Raupach 2008; Maddox 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Canadell and Raupach 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Tzur et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Religious Education
AbbreviationJ. Relig. Educ.
ISSN (print)1442-018X
ISSN (online)2199-4625

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