How to format your references using the Journal of Religious Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Religious Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight, J. (2001). Study says authors are averse to declaring conflicts of interest. Nature, 411(6833), 3–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schappacher, M., & Deffieux, A. (2008). Synthesis of macrocyclic copolymer brushes and their self-assembly into supramolecular tubes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5869), 1512–1515.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, F., Tillberg, P. W., & Boyden, E. S. (2015). Optical imaging. Expansion microscopy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6221), 543–548.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ajayan, P. M., Terrones, M., de la Guardia, A., Huc, V., Grobert, N., Wei, B. Q., et al. (2002). Nanotubes in a flash--ignition and reconstruction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5568), 705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ciobanu, C. V., Wang, C.-Z., & Ho, K.-M. (2013). Atomic Structure Prediction of Nanostructures, Clusters and Surfaces. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Andresen, M., & Nowak, C. (Eds.). (2015). Human Resource Management Practices: Assessing Added Value. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Smirnov, A., Kashevnik, A., Shilov, N., Oliver, I., Balandin, S., & Boldyrev, S. (2009). Anonymous Agent Coordination in Smart Spaces: State-of-the-Art. In S. Balandin, D. Moltchanov, & Y. Koucheryavy (Eds.), Smart Spaces and Next Generation Wired/Wireless Networking: 9th International Conference, NEW2AN 2009 and Second Conference on Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2009, St. Petersburg, Russia, September 15-18, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 42–51). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Religious Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 12). Chinese Families To Sue Over Lead Poisoning In Landmark Case. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Tax System Modernization: Status of On-Line Files Initiative and Telecommunications Planning (No. IMTEC-91-41FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peto, J. (2009). A defense of Donald Davidson’s dissolution to the problem of global skepticism (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., & Schmitt, E. (2017, July 8). State Crumbling, ISIS Is Reclaiming Insurgent Roots. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knight 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Knight 2001; Schappacher and Deffieux 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schappacher and Deffieux 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Ajayan et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Religious Education
AbbreviationJ. Relig. Educ.
ISSN (print)1442-018X
ISSN (online)2199-4625

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