How to format your references using the Journal of Religious Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Religious Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Agre, P. (2010). The family naturalist. Nature, 467(7317), S11.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fu, H., & Cohen, R. E. (2000). Polarization rotation mechanism for ultrahigh electromechanical response in single-crystal piezoelectrics. Nature, 403(6767), 281–283.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bacci, A., Huguenard, J. R., & Prince, D. A. (2004). Long-lasting self-inhibition of neocortical interneurons mediated by endocannabinoids. Nature, 431(7006), 312–316.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, Z., Xiao, F., Xi, J., Sun, T., Xiao, S., Wang, H., et al. (2014). Encapsulating Pd nanoparticles in double-shelled graphene@carbon hollow spheres for excellent chemical catalytic property. Scientific reports, 4, 4053.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parashar, R. K. (2008). Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Synthesis. West Sussex, United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wood, H. M., & Wood, D. (Eds.). (2015). Transition and Lifelong Care in Congenital Urology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Arnaiz, A., Iung, B., Al-Najjar, B., Jantunen, E., Holmberg, K., Naks, T., & Baglee, D. (2010). A New Integrated E-maintenance Concept. In K. Holmberg, A. Adgar, A. Arnaiz, E. Jantunen, J. Mascolo, & S. Mekid (Eds.), E-maintenance (pp. 61–82). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Religious Education.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, October 9). Stephen Hawking Warns Us About Artificial Intelligence. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Governmentwide Initiatives: Critical Issues Facing the Post-FTS 2000 Program (No. T-AIMD-95-108). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saguilig, L. G. (2017). A Clinical Decision Support System for the Prevention of Genetic-Related Heart Disease (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2001, October 8). Salvage Teams Begin to Raise Russian Sub. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Agre 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Agre 2010; Fu and Cohen 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fu and Cohen 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Religious Education
AbbreviationJ. Relig. Educ.
ISSN (print)1442-018X
ISSN (online)2199-4625

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