How to format your references using the Journal of Religious Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Religious Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paulus, M. P. (2007). Decision-making dysfunctions in psychiatry--altered homeostatic processing? Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5850), 602–606.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jin, H.-J., & Kaplan, D. L. (2003). Mechanism of silk processing in insects and spiders. Nature, 424(6952), 1057–1061.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller, C. J., Nichol, R. C., & Batuski, D. J. (2001). Acoustic oscillations in the early universe and today. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5525), 2302–2303.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xiao-Hong, Z., Lan-Hua, L., Wei-Qi, X., Bao-Dong, S., Jian-Wu, S., Miao, H., & Han-Chang, S. (2014). A reusable evanescent wave immunosensor for highly sensitive detection of bisphenol A in water samples. Scientific reports, 4, 4572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Caferro, W. (2010). Contesting the Renaissance. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Alani, H., Kagal, L., Fokoue, A., Groth, P., Biemann, C., Parreira, J. X., et al. (Eds.). (2013). The Semantic Web – ISWC 2013: 12th International Semantic Web Conference, Sydney, NSW, Australia, October 21-25, 2013, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 8219). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Eddaly, M., Jarboui, B., Siarry, P., & Rebaï, A. (2009). An Estimation of Distribution Algorithm for Flowshop Scheduling with Limited Buffers. In R. Chiong & S. Dhakal (Eds.), Natural Intelligence for Scheduling, Planning and Packing Problems (pp. 89–110). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Religious Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, September 13). Cancer Patient Receives 3D-Printed Titanium Ribcage. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Information Technology: Challenges Remain for VA’s Sharing of Electronic Health Records with DOD (No. GAO-09-427T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Banks, G. M. (2009). The revolution will not be gender-ized (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, September 7). Company Town. New York Times, p. C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paulus 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Jin and Kaplan 2003; Paulus 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jin and Kaplan 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Xiao-Hong et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Religious Education
AbbreviationJ. Relig. Educ.
ISSN (print)1442-018X
ISSN (online)2199-4625

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