How to format your references using the Journal of Religious Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Religious Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zubairy, M. S. (2007). Physics. Factoring numbers with waves. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5824), 554–555.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yao, T., & Cohen, R. E. (2002). A cryptic protease couples deubiquitination and degradation by the proteasome. Nature, 419(6905), 403–407.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ozaki, M., Kato, J.-I., & Kawata, S. (2011). Surface-plasmon holography with white-light illumination. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6026), 218–220.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Peñuelas, J., Farré-Armengol, G., Llusia, J., Gargallo-Garriga, A., Rico, L., Sardans, J., et al. (2014). Removal of floral microbiota reduces floral terpene emissions. Scientific reports, 4, 6727.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Neil, P. V. (2008). Beginning Partial Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Karshenboim, S. G. (Ed.). (2008). Precision Physics of Simple Atoms and Molecules (Vol. 745). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Velarde, M. G., Ebeling, W., & Chetverikov, A. P. (2013). Soliton-Mediated Electron Transfer and Electric Transport Arising from Coupling Electron Quantum Mechanics to Nonlinear Elasticity in Anharmonic Crystal Lattices. In M. Wiercigroch & G. Rega (Eds.), IUTAM Symposium on Nonlinear Dynamics for Advanced Technologies and Engineering Design: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on Nonlinear Dynamics for Advanced Technologies and Engineering Design, held Aberdeen, UK, 27-30 July 2010 (pp. 47–62). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Religious Education.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, February 10). Travel Through The Solar System At The Speed Of Light. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). FAA’s Implementation of a Performance Standard for Passenger Screening Process (No. T-RCED-88-4). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kamph, M. (2017). Examining Commodity, Agency, and Value: Prehistoric French Replicas, Casts, and “Frauds” within the National Museum of Natural History’s Collection (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L. F. (2006, May 21). Where Stars Are Born and Flops Revealed. New York Times, p. 14LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shi 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Chambers 2004; Kling 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yao and Cohen 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Müller et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Religious Education
AbbreviationJ. Relig. Educ.
ISSN (print)1442-018X
ISSN (online)2199-4625

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