How to format your references using the Journal of Religious Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Religious Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hand, E. (2009). Cash crisis could ground NASA rocket. Nature, 461(7261), 153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Catania, K. C., & Remple, F. E. (2005). Asymptotic prey profitability drives star-nosed moles to the foraging speed limit. Nature, 433(7025), 519–522.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schätz, T., Schramm, U., & Habs, D. (2001). Crystalline ion beams. Nature, 412(6848), 717–720.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yokoyama, Y., Esat, T. M., Thompson, W. G., Thomas, A. L., Webster, J. M., Miyairi, Y., et al. (2018). Rapid glaciation and a two-step sea level plunge into the Last Glacial Maximum. Nature, 559(7715), 603–607.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zanotto, E. D. (2013). Crystals in Glass. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Stenström, P. (Ed.). (2011). Transactions on High-Performance Embedded Architectures and Compilers IV (Vol. 6760). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Magnussen, R. A., Ozturk, M., & Demey, G. (2014). Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Surgical Technique. In P. Neyret & G. Demey (Eds.), Surgery of the Knee (pp. 31–61). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Religious Education.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, February 7). Explore The Amazon With This Stunning 360° Virtual Reality Video. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). NASA: Shuttle Fleet’s Safe Return to Flight Is Key to Space Station Progress (No. GAO-04-201T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyle, C. N. (2013). Support program for transition age youth: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Krauss, C. (2015, August 14). Breakdown at BP Refinery Strains Midwest Gas Prices. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hand 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Catania and Remple 2005; Hand 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Catania and Remple 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Yokoyama et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Religious Education
AbbreviationJ. Relig. Educ.
ISSN (print)1442-018X
ISSN (online)2199-4625

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