How to format your references using the Journal of Religion and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Religion and Health (J Relig Health). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, G. E., Jr. (2001). Surface science. How minerals react with water. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5540), 67–69.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cooper, M. A., & Shlaes, D. (2011). Fix the antibiotics pipeline. Nature, 472(7341), 32.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhalla, U. S., Ram, P. T., & Iyengar, R. (2002). MAP kinase phosphatase as a locus of flexibility in a mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling network. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5583), 1018–1023.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Intlekofer, A. M., Shih, A. H., Wang, B., Nazir, A., Rustenburg, A. S., Albanese, S. K., et al. (2018). Acquired resistance to IDH inhibition through trans or cis dimer-interface mutations. Nature, 559(7712), 125–129.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Manuele, F. A. (2007). Advanced Safety Management Focusing on Z10 and Serious Injury Prevention. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Evans, R. (2012). Complex Classroom Encounters: A South African Perspective. (A. Cleghorn, Ed.). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Panakhyo, M., & Jacobi, K. (2016). Limited Circumstances: Creating a Better Understanding of Prehistoric Peoples Through the Reanalysis of Collections of Commingled Human Remains. In A. J. Osterholtz (Ed.), Theoretical Approaches to Analysis and Interpretation of Commingled Human Remains (pp. 75–96). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Religion and Health.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, April 21). The Bizarre Life Of The Vampire Squid From Hell. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Higher Education: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Trends and the Role of Federal Programs (No. GAO-06-702T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey, K. M. (2017). A Phenomenological Study of How Biblical Spiritual Disciplines Influence Women’s Character and Leadership Practices in Christian Faith-based Institutions in Higher Education in North America (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2008, July 6). Grown in New Jersey (Mostly). New York Times, p. NJ8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Austin 2014; Eyre-Walker 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cooper and Shlaes 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Mellander et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Religion and Health
AbbreviationJ. Relig. Health
ISSN (print)0022-4197
ISSN (online)1573-6571
ScopeReligious studies
General Medicine
General Nursing

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