How to format your references using the Journal of Religion and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Religion and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malescio, G. (2005). Predicting with unpredictability. Nature, 434(7037), 1073.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ryan, A. J., & Christensen, P. R. (2012). Coils and polygonal crust in the Athabasca Valles region, Mars, as evidence for a volcanic history. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6080), 449–452.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kennedy, S., Wang, D., & Ruvkun, G. (2004). A conserved siRNA-degrading RNase negatively regulates RNA interference in C. elegans. Nature, 427(6975), 645–649.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gagnon, E., Ranitovic, P., Tong, X.-M., Cocke, C. L., Murnane, M. M., Kapteyn, H. C., & Sandhu, A. S. (2007). Soft X-ray-driven femtosecond molecular dynamics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5843), 1374–1378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vignes, A. (2013). Extractive Metallurgy 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sumathi, S. (2007). Fundamentals of Relational Database Management Systems. (S. Esakkirajan, Ed.) (Vol. 47). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, B. (2012). A New Mobile P2P Network Node Selection Approach. In X. Qu & Y. Yang (Eds.), Information and Business Intelligence: International Conference, IBI 2011, Chongqing, China, December 23-25, 2011. Proceedings, Part I (pp. 20–25). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Religion and Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 1). Watch Hundreds Of Gnat Larvae Slither Together Like A Snake. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). VHA’s Management Improvement Initiative (No. HEHS-96-191R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shendge, P. N. (2017). Improvement in Estimation of Carrier Frequency Offset in Wireless Networks (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. A. (2004, August 6). 36 Hours | Portsmouth, N.H. New York Times, p. F5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Malescio 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Malescio 2005; Ryan and Christensen 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ryan and Christensen 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Gagnon et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Religion and Health
AbbreviationJ. Relig. Health
ISSN (print)0022-4197
ISSN (online)1573-6571
ScopeReligious studies
General Medicine
General Nursing

Other styles