How to format your references using the Journal of Religion and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Religion and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bizzarro, M. (2014). Planetary science. Probing the solar system’s prenatal history. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6197), 620–621.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nadeau, R. M., & Dolenc, D. (2005). Nonvolcanic tremors deep beneath the San Andreas Fault. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5708), 389.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang, Y., Kirmizialtin, S., & Sanchez, I. C. (2014). Dynamic void distribution in myoglobin and five mutants. Scientific reports, 4, 4011.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Putterman, S., Evans, P. G., Vazquez, G., & Weninger, K. (2001). Is there a simple theory of sonoluminescence? Nature, 409(6822), 782–783.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
de Almeida, J. P. M., & Maunder, E. A. W. (2017). Equilibrium Finite Element Formulations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Awad, A. I., & Hassaballah, M. (Eds.). (2016). Image Feature Detectors and Descriptors: Foundations and Applications (1st ed. 2016., Vol. 630). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Al-Shaer, E., & Rahman, M. A. (2016). Security Analytics for EMS Modules. In M. A. Rahman (Ed.), Security and Resiliency Analytics for Smart Grids: Static and Dynamic Approaches (pp. 61–103). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Religion and Health.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, August 19). Even Thermodynamics Gets Weird At An Atomic Level. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Pipeline Safety and Security: Improved Workforce Planning and Communication Needed (No. GAO-02-785). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yi, M. (2015). Interrater reliability between novice and expert functional movement screen raters (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, November 28). Court Explores Complexities In Job Discrimination Case. New York Times, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bizzarro 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bizzarro 2014; Nadeau and Dolenc 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nadeau and Dolenc 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Putterman et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Religion and Health
AbbreviationJ. Relig. Health
ISSN (print)0022-4197
ISSN (online)1573-6571
ScopeReligious studies
General Medicine
General Nursing

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