How to format your references using the Journal of Religion and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Religion and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wible, B. (2014). Climate policy. IPCC lessons from Berlin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6192), 34.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morris, R. G. M., & Takeuchi, T. (2012). Neuroscience. The imaginary mind of a mouse. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6075), 1455–1456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lower, S. K., Hochella, M. F., Jr, & Beveridge, T. J. (2001). Bacterial recognition of mineral surfaces: nanoscale interactions between Shewanella and alpha-FeOOH. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5520), 1360–1363.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chan, C. X., Bernard, G., Poirion, O., Hogan, J. M., & Ragan, M. A. (2014). Inferring phylogenies of evolving sequences without multiple sequence alignment. Scientific reports, 4, 6504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dudbridge, M. (2016). Handbook of Seal Integrity in the Food Industry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fayad, M., & Johnson, B. R. (Eds.). (2016). 3D Imaging in Endodontics: A New Era in Diagnosis and Treatment. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Stern, F., Sadat-Hosseini, H., Mousaviraad, M., & Bhushan, S. (2014). Evaluation of Seakeeping Predictions. In L. Larsson, F. Stern, & M. Visonneau (Eds.), Numerical Ship Hydrodynamics: An assessment of the Gothenburg 2010 Workshop (pp. 141–202). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Religion and Health.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, November 25). Astronomical Union Formally Approves Names Of 227 Stars. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Federal Regulatory Efforts to Ensure Financial Institution Systems Are Year 2000 Compliant (No. T-AIMD-98-116). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGary, J. (2012). Gender and the poverty-conflict trap (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2016, August 16). Olympian’s Mother Leaves a Suitcase at Check-In, and It Is Destroyed. New York Times, p. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wible 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Morris and Takeuchi 2012; Wible 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morris and Takeuchi 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Chan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Religion and Health
AbbreviationJ. Relig. Health
ISSN (print)0022-4197
ISSN (online)1573-6571
ScopeReligious studies
General Medicine
General Nursing

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