How to format your references using the The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A (2011) Dementia: a problem for our age. Nature 475: S2-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
MacLean RC, Gudelj I (2006) Resource competition and social conflict in experimental populations of yeast. Nature 441: 498–501.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clem RL, Celikel T, Barth AL (2008) Ongoing in vivo experience triggers synaptic metaplasticity in the neocortex. Science 319: 101–104.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Moslehi R, Mills JL, Signore C, Kumar A, Ambroggio X, Dzutsev A (2013) Integrative transcriptome analysis reveals dysregulation of canonical cancer molecular pathways in placenta leading to preeclampsia. Sci Rep 3: 2407.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abraham A (2012) The Trend Following Bible. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Leal DL, Trejo SJ (Eds) (2011) Latinos and the Economy: Integration and Impact in Schools, Labor Markets, and Beyond. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Goss C, Moretti F (2011) Providing Information and Involving the Patient in the Therapeutic Process. In M Rimondini (Ed), Communication in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (pp 71–105). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Does The ‘G-Spot’ Exist? IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/does-g-spot-exist/ (last accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Highway Public-Private Partnerships: More Rigorous Up-Front Analysis Could Better Secure Potential Benefits and Protect the Public Interest ( No. GAO-08-44). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen SA (2014) Dispersed Social Work: Understanding Social Presence and Organizational Identification Through the Use of New Communication Technologies (Doctoral dissertation). Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly D (1996) Books in Brief: FICTION. New York Times 718.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2011; MacLean and Gudelj, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (MacLean and Gudelj, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Moslehi et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
ISSN (print)0022-3018
ISSN (online)1539-736X
Scope

Other styles