How to format your references using the NeuroReport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NeuroReport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parson WW. Biophysics. Long live electronic coherence! Science 2007; 316 (5830): 1438–1439.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zou L, Elledge SJ. Sensing DNA damage through ATRIP recognition of RPA-ssDNA complexes. Science 2003; 300 (5625): 1542–1548.
A journal article with 3 authors
McGuire JJ, Boettcher MS, Jordan TH. Foreshock sequences and short-term earthquake predictability on East Pacific Rise transform faults. Nature 2005; 434 (7032): 457–461.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee H-N, Paeng K, Swallen SF, Ediger MD. Direct measurement of molecular mobility in actively deformed polymer glasses. Science 2009; 323 (5911): 231–234.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopp V. Grundlagen der Life Sciences. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2000.
An edited book
Granneman S. Mac OS X Snow Leopard for Power Users. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Gore RM. Gastrointestinal. In: Eisenberg RL, Margulis AR (eds). The Right Imaging Study: A Guide for Physicians. New York, NY: Springer; 2008. pp. 173–272.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NeuroReport.

Blog post
Andrew E. Madagascar’s Unique ‘Spiny Forest’ Is Fast Being Turned Into Charcoal. IFLScience 2016;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Qualifying for Federal Funding of Tribally Controlled Community Colleges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warrick AD. “Deep” South: Mammoth Cave, Kentucky, and Environmental Knowledge, 1800-1974. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF. Ready for Their Close-Up, a Couple Consults. New York Times 2005; 14LI12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1; 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroReport
ISSN (print)0959-4965
ISSN (online)1473-558X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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