How to format your references using the Journal of Regulatory Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Regulatory Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Matyjaszewski, K. (2011). Chemistry. Architecturally complex polymers with controlled heterogeneity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6046), 1104–1105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Imura, T., & Tomonaga, M. (2013). A ground-like surface facilitates visual search in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Scientific reports, 3, 2343.
A journal article with 3 authors
McQuibban, G. A., Saurya, S., & Freeman, M. (2003). Mitochondrial membrane remodelling regulated by a conserved rhomboid protease. Nature, 423(6939), 537–541.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Real, R., Peter, M., Trabalza, A., Khan, S., Smith, M. A., Dopp, J., et al. (2018). In vivo modeling of human neuron dynamics and Down syndrome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 362(6416).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kulkarni, S., & Harman, G. (2011). An Elementary Introduction to Statistical Learning Theory: Kulkarni/Statistical Learning Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jackowski, K., Burduk, R., Walkowiak, K., Wozniak, M., & Yin, H. (Eds.). (2015). Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning – IDEAL 2015: 16th International Conference, Wroclaw, Poland, October 14-16, 2015, Proceedings (Vol. 9375). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nath, V., & Levinson, S. E. (2014). Computer Vision. In S. E. Levinson (Ed.), Autonomous Robotics and Deep Learning (pp. 31–38). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Regulatory Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 18). New Cases Rise, But Death Rates Decline – How Cancer Became About Quality Of Life. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Aircraft Noise: Eight Airports’ Efforts to Mitigate Noise (No. RCED-89-189). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fuller, J. B. (2015). The Woodsman’s Son (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2016, December 2). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, p. MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Matyjaszewski 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Imura and Tomonaga 2013; Matyjaszewski 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Imura and Tomonaga 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Real et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Regulatory Economics
AbbreviationJ. Regul. Econ.
ISSN (print)0922-680X
ISSN (online)1573-0468
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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