How to format your references using the Journal of Regulatory Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Regulatory Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGaugh, S. (2007). Astronomy. Seeing through dark matter. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5838), 607–608.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chhangani, D., & Mishra, A. (2013). Mahogunin ring finger-1 (MGRN1) suppresses chaperone-associated misfolded protein aggregation and toxicity. Scientific reports, 3, 1972.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scarborough, C. L., Ferrari, J., & Godfray, H. C. J. (2005). Aphid protected from pathogen by endosymbiont. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5755), 1781.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
O’Brien, C. M., Fox, C. J., Planque, B., & Casey, J. (2000). Climate variability and North Sea cod. Nature, 404(6774), 142.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Labuszewski, J. W., Nyhoff, J. E., Co, R., & Peterson, P. E. (2010). The CME Group Risk Management Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fultz, B. (2013). Transmission Electron Microscopy and Diffractometry of Materials. (J. Howe, Ed.) (4th ed. 2013.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Clarke, A. (2007). Designing for Outside the Box. In M. Boulton, A. Clarke, S. Collison, J. Croft, D. Featherstone, I. Lloyd, et al. (Eds.), Web Standards Creativity: Innovations in Web Design with XHTML, CSS, and DOM Scripting (pp. 78–107). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Regulatory Economics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, October 25). The Five Craziest Exoplanets Ever Discovered. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Customs Service Modernization: Actions Needed to Correct Serious ACE Management and Technical Weaknesses (No. T-AIMD-99-141). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duberstein, J. N. (2010). The shape of the commons: Social networks and the conservation of small-scale fisheries in the northern Gulf of California, Mexico (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017, June 21). Rising Saudi Prince, 31, Advances to One Step From the Throne. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGaugh 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Chhangani and Mishra 2013; McGaugh 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chhangani and Mishra 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (O’Brien et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Regulatory Economics
AbbreviationJ. Regul. Econ.
ISSN (print)0922-680X
ISSN (online)1573-0468
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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