How to format your references using the Journal of Regulatory Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Regulatory Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Orrit, M. (2003). Chemistry. The motions of an enzyme soloist. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5643), 239–240.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oh, D. Y., & Olefsky, J. M. (2010). Medicine. Wnt fans the flames in obesity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5990), 397–398.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuang, Y.-C., Wu, J.-Y., & Lin, M.-F. (2013). Electric field dependence of excitation spectra in AB-stacked bilayer graphene. Scientific reports, 3, 1368.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Soares, B. R., Souza, A. P. A., Prates, D. B., de Oliveira, C. I., Barral-Netto, M., Miranda, J. C., & Barral, A. (2013). Seroconversion of sentinel chickens as a biomarker for monitoring exposure to visceral leishmaniasis. Scientific reports, 3, 2352.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zauderer, E. (2006). Partial Differential Equations of Applied Mathematics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Díaz, P., Pipek, V., Ardito, C., Jensen, C., Aedo, I., & Boden, A. (Eds.). (2015). End-User Development: 5th International Symposium, IS-EUD 2015, Madrid, Spain, May 26-29, 2015. Proceedings (Vol. 9083). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Yoshioka, K., Tanaka, R., & Ehara, S. (2009). Noninvasive Diagnosis of the Artery of Adamkiewicz. In T. Kazui & S. Takamoto (Eds.), Advances in Understanding Aortic Diseases (pp. 15–20). Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Regulatory Economics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, October 31). Why Is Italy Experiencing So Many Earthquakes At The Moment? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Air Traffic Control: Complete and Enforced Architecture Needed for FAA Systems Modernization (No. AIMD-97-30). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bergh, P. A. (2009). Reconfiguring academic priorities: Through the eyes of Michigan community college Chief Academic Officers (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, May 30). JUSTICES’ RULING LIMITS LAWSUITS ON PAY DISPARITY. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Orrit 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Oh and Olefsky 2010; Orrit 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oh and Olefsky 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Soares et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Regulatory Economics
AbbreviationJ. Regul. Econ.
ISSN (print)0922-680X
ISSN (online)1573-0468
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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