How to format your references using the Journal of Regulatory Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Regulatory Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dixit, V. (2011). Jürg Tschopp (1951-2011). Nature, 472(7343), 296.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vollmer, S. V., & Palumbi, S. R. (2002). Hybridization and the evolution of reef coral diversity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5575), 2023–2025.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marty, B., Dewonck, S., & France-Lanord, C. (2003). Geochemical evidence for efficient aquifer isolation over geological timeframes. Nature, 425(6953), 55–58.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kandada, A. R. S., Grancini, G., Petrozza, A., Perissinotto, S., Fazzi, D., Raavi, S. S. K., & Lanzani, G. (2013). Ultrafast energy transfer in ultrathin organic donor/acceptor blend. Scientific reports, 3, 2073.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai, Q., Bai, Y., & Ruan, W. (2017). Advances in Pipes and Pipelines. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hashim, M. A. (Ed.). (2015). ICGSCE 2014: Proceedings of the International Conference on Global Sustainability and Chemical Engineering. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Blume, H.-P., Beyer, L., Pfisterer, U., & Felix-Henningsen, P. (2008). Soil Characteristicsand Pattern of the Nizzana Research Site. In S.-W. Breckle, A. Yair, & M. Veste (Eds.), Arid Dune Ecosystems: The Nizzana Sands in the Negev Desert (pp. 65–77). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Regulatory Economics.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016, September 21). Study Finds No Proof Fitness Trackers Help With Weight Loss. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Need for Additional Bilingual Education Teachers and the Availability of Training Programs To Prepare Them for Classroom Service (No. B-164031(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reid, L. N. (2012). The Unintended Consequences of Narrowing Secondary Curriculum in Response to Low Standardized Test Scores (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, April 10). Syndergaard Brings the Heat, and the Mets’ Bats End Their Chilly Start. New York Times, p. D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dixit 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Dixit 2011; Vollmer and Palumbi 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vollmer and Palumbi 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Kandada et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Regulatory Economics
AbbreviationJ. Regul. Econ.
ISSN (print)0922-680X
ISSN (online)1573-0468
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles