How to format your references using the Journal of Regulatory Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Regulatory Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ledford, H. (2006). Liquid fuel synthesis: making it up as you go along. Nature, 444(7120), 677–678.
A journal article with 2 authors
Whetten, R. L., & Price, R. C. (2007). Chemistry. Nano-golden order. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5849), 407–408.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schoener, T. W., Losos, J. B., & Spiller, D. A. (2005). Island biogeography of populations: an introduced species transforms survival patterns. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5755), 1807–1809.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chow, A., Toomre, D., Garrett, W., & Mellman, I. (2002). Dendritic cell maturation triggers retrograde MHC class II transport from lysosomes to the plasma membrane. Nature, 418(6901), 988–994.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tolinski, M. (2011). Plastics and Sustainability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kim, S. S. (Ed.). (2013). Oocyte Biology in Fertility Preservation (Vol. 761). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Silverstein, M., & Abramson, A. (2008). How Baby-Boomers in the United States Anticipate Their Aging Future: Implications for the Silver Market. In F. Kohlbacher & C. Herstatt (Eds.), The Silver Market Phenomenon: Business Opportunities in an Era of Demographic Change (pp. 55–69). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Regulatory Economics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, July 26). Ancient Temples Reveal Earthquake History. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Space Projects: Astrophysics Facility Program Contains Cost and Technical Risks (No. NSIAD-94-80). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koner, K. M. (2012). The development and validation of an instrument to measure wind ensemble error detection skills among instrumental music educators (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J., & Stevenson, A. (2017, June 17). Whole Foods Finds an Unlikely Refuge. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ledford 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Ledford 2006; Whetten and Price 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Whetten and Price 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Chow et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Regulatory Economics
AbbreviationJ. Regul. Econ.
ISSN (print)0922-680X
ISSN (online)1573-0468
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles