How to format your references using the Econometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, P. Photocopiers for DNA. Nature 2005, 435, 237.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trumbore, S.E.; Czimczik, C.I. Geology. An uncertain future for soil carbon. Science 2008, 321, 1455–1456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Philips, J.A.; Rubin, E.J.; Perrimon, N. Drosophila RNAi screen reveals CD36 family member required for mycobacterial infection. Science 2005, 309, 1251–1253.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ule, A.; Schram, A.; Riedl, A.; Cason, T.N. Indirect punishment and generosity toward strangers. Science 2009, 326, 1701–1704.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benslama, M.; Kiamouche, W.; Batatia, H. Connections Management Strategies in Satellite Cellular Networks; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2015; ISBN 9781119099819.
An edited book
Proceedings of First International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for Intelligent Systems: Volume 2; Satapathy, S.C., Das, S., Eds.; Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 51; ISBN 9783319309262.
A chapter in an edited book
Miyazawa, T.; Nishine, H. Evaluating Outcomes After Interventional Procedures. In Interventions in Pulmonary Medicine; Díaz-Jimenez, J.P., Rodriguez, A.N., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; pp. 71–77 ISBN 9781461460084.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrics.

Blog post
Fang, J. Climate Warming is Turning Mummies into Black Ooze (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Child Welfare: Federal Agencies Can Better Support State Efforts to Prevent and Respond to Sexual Abuse by School Personnel; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garapati, S.H. Analytical and Numerical Modeling of Assembly Procedures of Steel Fulcra of Bascule Bridges. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida: Tampa, FL, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wines, M.; Shorey, R. Inside the Uproar Over a Government-Led Search for Voter Fraud. New York Times 2017, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrics
ISSN (online)2225-1146

Other styles