How to format your references using the Econometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, J.R. ESSAYS ON SCIENCE AND SOCIETY: Privatizing the University--the New Tragedy of the Commons. Science 2000, 290, 1701–1702.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guigó, R.; Valcárcel, J. RNA. Prescribing Splicing. Science 2015, 347, 124–125.
A journal article with 3 authors
Max, C.E.; Canalizo, G.; de Vries, W.H. Locating the Two Black Holes in NGC 6240. Science 2007, 316, 1877–1880.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nunoura, T.; Chikaraishi, Y.; Izaki, R.; Suwa, T.; Sato, T.; Harada, T.; Mori, K.; Kato, Y.; Miyazaki, M.; Shimamura, S.; et al. A Primordial and Reversible TCA Cycle in a Facultatively Chemolithoautotrophic Thermophile. Science 2018, 359, 559–563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Battu, D. New Telecom Networks; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014; ISBN 9781119004912.
An edited book
Systems Neuroscience and Rehabilitation; Kansaku, K., Cohen, L.G., Eds.; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2011; ISBN 9784431539988.
A chapter in an edited book
Cossiavelou, V.T.; Bartolacci, M.R. News Corporation: Facing the Wireless World of the 21st Century. In Wireless Technology: Applications, Management, and Security; Powell, S., Shim, J.P., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2009; pp. 83–90 ISBN 9780387717869.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Nearby Exoplanets Confirmed To Be Earth-Sized Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office GAO’s Views on the Default Task Force’s Recommendations for Reducing Default Costs in the Guaranteed Student Loan Program; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1988;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goodwin, R.H. Case Study of the Voluntary Student Transfer Program: The Perspectives of African American Students and Parent Participants in One Midwestern School District. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University: St. Charles, MO, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. Supreme Court Constrains Judges’ Power in Sentencing. New York Times 2007, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrics
ISSN (online)2225-1146

Other styles