How to format your references using the Econometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triplett, B. Astronomers Fume over Night Light. Nature 2000, 405, 987–988.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, L.; Clevers, H. Coexistence of Quiescent and Active Adult Stem Cells in Mammals. Science 2010, 327, 542–545.
A journal article with 3 authors
Feng, Y.; Zhang, S.; Huang, X. A Robust TALENs System for Highly Efficient Mammalian Genome Editing. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 3632.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, A.L.; Chen, X.; Hoon, M.A.; Chandrashekar, J.; Guo, W.; Tränkner, D.; Ryba, N.J.P.; Zuker, C.S. The Cells and Logic for Mammalian Sour Taste Detection. Nature 2006, 442, 934–938.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deuff, D.; Cosquer, M. User-Centered Agile Method; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ USA, 2013; ISBN 9781118574829.
An edited book
Structural Health Monitoring, Damage Detection & Mechatronics, Volume 7: Proceedings of the 34th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics 2016; Wicks, A., Niezrecki, C., Eds.; Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; ISBN 9783319299556.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghosh, A.; Pal, M.; Bhadra, P.; Sarcar, P. Design of Dielectric Resonator Antenna with Different Dielectric Constants. In Computational Advancement in Communication Circuits and Systems: Proceedings of ICCACCS 2014; Maharatna, K., Dalapati, G.K., Banerjee, P.K., Mallick, A.K., Mukherjee, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; Springer India: New Delhi, 2015; pp. 39–45 ISBN 9788132222736.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrics.

Blog post
Hale, T. This Creepy Mask Is The Oldest Copper Object Crafted In South America Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office UMTA Project Oversight and Mass Transit Issues; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1990;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kopaygorodsky, E. Mathematical Model of Ultra-Rapid PSA. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati: Cincinnati, OH, 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. STEAL THIS REVIEW. New York Times 1990, 719.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrics
ISSN (online)2225-1146

Other styles