How to format your references using the Econometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brookfield, J.F. Predicting the future. Nature 2001, 411, 999.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, G.T.; Pitnick, S. Sperm-female coevolution in Drosophila. Science 2002, 298, 1230–1233.
A journal article with 3 authors
Warrick, D.R.; Tobalske, B.W.; Powers, D.R. Aerodynamics of the hovering hummingbird. Nature 2005, 435, 1094–1097.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Klein, D.; Benchellal, M.; Kleff, V.; Jakob, H.G.; Ergün, S. Hox genes are involved in vascular wall-resident multipotent stem cell differentiation into smooth muscle cells. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2178.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee Centrifugal Pumps (Newtonian Liquids); John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2002; ISBN 9780470935675.
An edited book
Benedini, M. Water Quality Modelling for Rivers and Streams; Tsakiris, G., Ed.; Water Science and Technology Library; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; Vol. 70; ISBN 9789400755086.
A chapter in an edited book
Daniels, J.A.; Bradley, M.C. Successfully Resolved Barricaded Captive Events. In Preventing Lethal School Violence; Bradley, M.C., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2011; pp. 57–70 ISBN 9781441981066.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrics.

Blog post
Fang, J. Genetic Tweak Could Make All Mosquitoes Harmless Males (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Implementation of the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1986;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dusenberry, W. Integrating depth psychology in adolescent court-mandated treatment facilities: Increasing treatment efficacy and client engagement. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute: Carpinteria, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. Putin in Ukraine to Celebrate a Christian Anniversary. New York Times 2013, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrics
ISSN (online)2225-1146

Other styles