How to format your references using the Econometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marín, O. Journal Club. A Developmental Neurobiologist Looks at How Damage Induces Cell Birth in the Adult Brain. Nature 2010, 465, 401.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shen, B.; Goodman, H.M. Uridine Addition after MicroRNA-Directed Cleavage. Science 2004, 306, 997.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakuda, A.; Hayashi, A.; Tatsumisago, M. Sulfide Solid Electrolyte with Favorable Mechanical Property for All-Solid-State Lithium Battery. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2261.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zheng, Q.; Jiao, N.; Zhang, R.; Chen, F.; Suttle, C.A. Prevalence of PsbA-Containing Cyanobacterial Podoviruses in the Ocean. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3207.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rouse, W.B. Universities as Complex Enterprises; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2016; ISBN 9781119245872.
An edited book
Kikuchi, M. Frontiers in Fusion Research II: Introduction to Modern Tokamak Physics; Azumi, M., Ed.; 1st ed. 2015.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; ISBN 9783319189048.
A chapter in an edited book
Barra, M. Pure Iteration and Periodicity. In Logic and Theory of Algorithms: 4th Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2008, Athens, Greece, June 15-20, 2008 Proceedings; Beckmann, A., Dimitracopoulos, C., Löwe, B., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp. 42–51 ISBN 9783540694052.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Hubble Offered A Rare, Ring-Side Seat At The Death Of A Star Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office DOD Still Needs To Clarify Policies for Performing Research and Development for Other Agencies; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1980;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De Anda, B. Factors That Contribute to the Stigma of Mental Illness. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M.R. Trump Advisers Call for More Troops to Break Deadlock in Afghan War. New York Times 2017, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrics
ISSN (online)2225-1146

Other styles