How to format your references using the Econometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyd, R.W. Physics. Let quantum mechanics improve your images. Science 2008, 321, 501–502.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marmottant, P.; Hilgenfeldt, S. Controlled vesicle deformation and lysis by single oscillating bubbles. Nature 2003, 423, 153–156.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schibler, U.; Ripperger, J.A.; Brown, S.A. Circadian rhythms. Chronobiology--reducing time. Science 2001, 293, 437–438.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lambert, D.M.; Ritchie, P.A.; Millar, C.D.; Holland, B.; Drummond, A.J.; Baroni, C. Rates of evolution in ancient DNA from Adélie penguins. Science 2002, 295, 2270–2273.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ni, Z.; Pacoret, C.; Benosman, R.; Régnier, S. Haptic Feedback Teleoperation of Optical Tweezers; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014; ISBN 9781119005070.
An edited book
Clinical Research Informatics; Richesson, R.L., Andrews, J.E., Eds.; Health Informatics; Springer: London, 2012; ISBN 9781848824478.
A chapter in an edited book
De Leenheer, P.; Mens, T. Using Graph Transformation to Support Collaborative Ontology Evolution. In Applications of Graph Transformations with Industrial Relevance: Third International Symposium, AGTIVE 2007, Kassel, Germany, October 10-12, 2007, Revised Selected and Invited Papers; Schürr, A., Nagl, M., Zündorf, A., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp. 44–58 ISBN 9783540890195.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. World’s First Penis Transplant Was A Success Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Compensatory Education: Aguilar v. Felton Decision’s Continuing Impact on Chapter 1 Program; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robert, N.A. Cortile: World Building & the Traveler Archetype. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana: Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tommasini, A.; Oestreich, J.R.; da FONSECA-WOLLHEIM, C.; Allen, D.; Cooper, M.; Woolfe, Z. For Classical Fans, Boxed Sets and Beyond. New York Times 2016, C13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrics
ISSN (online)2225-1146

Other styles