How to format your references using the Econometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koenig, R. Profile. South Africa’s bone man: 80 and still digging into the past. Science 2005, 310, 608–609.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clavien, P.-A.; Deiss, J. Leadership: ten tips for choosing an academic chair. Nature 2015, 519, 286–287.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cobaleda, C.; Jochum, W.; Busslinger, M. Conversion of mature B cells into T cells by dedifferentiation to uncommitted progenitors. Nature 2007, 449, 473–477.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smith, P.A.; Koehler, M.F.T.; Girgis, H.S.; Yan, D.; Chen, Y.; Chen, Y.; Crawford, J.J.; Durk, M.R.; Higuchi, R.I.; Kang, J.; et al. Optimized arylomycins are a new class of Gram-negative antibiotics. Nature 2018, 561, 189–194.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boeker, E.; Van Grondelle, R. Environmental Physics; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2011; ISBN 9781119974178.
An edited book
Seafloor Mapping along Continental Shelves: Research and Techniques for Visualizing Benthic Environments; Finkl, C.W., Makowski, C., Eds.; Coastal Research Library; 1st ed. 2016.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 13; ISBN 9783319251196.
A chapter in an edited book
Iba, H.; Aranha, C.C. Trend Analysis. In Practical Applications of Evolutionary Computation to Financial Engineering: Robust Techniques for Forecasting, Trading and Hedging; Aranha, C.C., Ed.; Adaptation, Learning, and Optimization; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 123–140 ISBN 9783642276477.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Gravitational Waves Help Unravel The History Of Black Holes Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office [Comments on NASA Employee’s Proposed Work Schedule]; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, S.A. Development of an age-appropriate, facility-specific nutrition screening and assessment tool for the elderly. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Thrush, G.; Kelly, K.; Haberman, M. Widespread Cuts in Trump Budget Bypass Military. New York Times 2017, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrics
ISSN (online)2225-1146

Other styles