How to format your references using the Econometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Soled, S. CATALYSIS. Silica-supported catalysts get a new breath of life. Science 2015, 350, 1171–1172.
A journal article with 2 authors
Quinn, P.K.; Bates, T.S. The case against climate regulation via oceanic phytoplankton sulphur emissions. Nature 2011, 480, 51–56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Griffin, D.M.; Hoffman, D.S.; Strick, P.L. Corticomotoneuronal cells are “functionally tuned.” Science 2015, 350, 667–670.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kerr, B.; Neuhauser, C.; Bohannan, B.J.M.; Dean, A.M. Local migration promotes competitive restraint in a host-pathogen “tragedy of the commons.” Nature 2006, 442, 75–78.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Storhas, W. Bioverfahrensentwicklung; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2013; ISBN 9783527673834.
An edited book
Australian-Latin American Relations: New Links in a Changing Global Landscape; Kath, E., Ed.; Palgrave Macmillan US: New York, NY, 2016; ISBN 9781137501912.
A chapter in an edited book
Leung, C.K.-S.; MacKinnon, R.K. Balancing Tree Size and Accuracy in Fast Mining of Uncertain Frequent Patterns. In Big Data Analytics and Knowledge Discovery: 17th International Conference, DaWaK 2015, Valencia, Spain, September 1-4, 2015, Proceedings; Madria, S., Hara, T., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 57–69 ISBN 9783319227283.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. How To Make Galaxy Themed Easter Eggs Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Special Education: Additional Federal Actions Could Help Address Unique Challenges of Educating Children in Nursing Homes; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gogni de Tolentino, M.G. Challenges and successes of monolingual Spanish-speaking foster parents. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrington, N. When You’re Dope And You Know It. New York Times 2017, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrics
ISSN (online)2225-1146

Other styles