How to format your references using the Journal of Radiation Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiation Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Betz AG. Immunology. Have you seen your mother, baby. Science 2010;330:1635–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ihinger PD, Zink SI. Determination of relative growth rates of natural quartz crystals. Nature 2000;404:865–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Catalli K, Shim S-H, Prakapenka V. Thickness and Clapeyron slope of the post-perovskite boundary. Nature 2009;462:782–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Arantes-Oliveira N, Apfeld J, Dillin A et al. Regulation of life-span by germ-line stem cells in Caenorhabditis elegans. Science 2002;295:502–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Saghyan AS, Langer P. Asymmetric Synthesis of Non&;#x02010;Proteinogenic Amino Acids. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley&;#x02010;VCH Verlag GmbH &;#38; Co. KGaA, 2016.
An edited book
1. Bos J. The Self-Marginalization of Wilhelm Stekel: Freudian Circles Inside and Out. Groenendijk L, Sturm J, Roazen P (eds.). New York, NY: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Garcia-Prieto P. Psycho-Oncology: A Patient’s View. In: Goerling U (ed.). Psycho-Oncology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014, 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiation Research.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. The Most Detailed Infrared Maps Of The 200 Brightest Galaxies In The Sky. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: FAA and DOD Response to Similar Safety Concerns. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Snyder QZ. From anarchy to confederacy: A theory of international politics. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Johnson G. New Truths That Only One Can See. New York Times. January 21, 2014:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiation Research
AbbreviationJ. Radiat. Res.
ISSN (print)0449-3060
ISSN (online)1349-9157
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles