How to format your references using the Journal of Radiation Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiation Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Taylor R. Hydrology: When wells run dry. Nature 2014;516:179–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Engel MS, Grimaldi DA. New light shed on the oldest insect. Nature 2004;427:627–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Nishimura EK, Granter SR, Fisher DE. Mechanisms of hair graying: incomplete melanocyte stem cell maintenance in the niche. Science 2005;307:720–4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Zhu Z, Jiang H-C, Qi Y et al. Strong correlation induced charge localization in antiferromagnets. Sci Rep 2013;3:2586.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pasternak JJ. An Introduction to Human Molecular Genetics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
1. Anandarajan M ed. E-Research Collaboration: Theory, Techniques and Challenges. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mulkidjanian AY. Abiotic Photosynthesis. In: Gargaud M, Irvine WM, Amils R, et al. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Astrobiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2015, 26–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiation Research.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Ferocious Extinct Fox Fossils Found In Tibet. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Strong Leadership Today Needed To Prevent Future Disruption of Government Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Harris NS. The Impact of Action Learning Experience on Reflective Practice. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wilford JN. Intertwined Circles of Faith. New York Times. November 7, 2016:D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiation Research
AbbreviationJ. Radiat. Res.
ISSN (print)0449-3060
ISSN (online)1349-9157
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles