How to format your references using the Journal of Radiation Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiation Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Westerfeld S. All is not lost. Nature 2000;406:241.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Tomasello M, Call J. Methodological challenges in the study of primate cognition. Science 2011;334:1227–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Harris HH, Pickering IJ, George GN. The chemical form of mercury in fish. Science 2003;301:1203.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Lévy F, Sheikin I, Grenier B et al. Magnetic field-induced superconductivity in the ferromagnet URhGe. Science 2005;309:1343–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Zack GM. Financial Statement Fraud. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
1. Babin L, Good NA, Kromann FM et al. eds. PHP 5 Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach. Berkeley, CA: A-Press, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rao VV. Knobology. In: Daniels JM, Hoppmann RA (eds.). Practical Point-of-Care Medical Ultrasound. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, 71–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiation Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Ten Weird And Terrifying Medical Instruments From The Past. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Youth with Autism: Federal Agencies Should Take Additional Action to Support Transition-Age Youth. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ibarra AL. Novice Clinicians and the Experience of Transcendence in Clinical Training and Supervision. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times. September 16, 2016:MM38.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiation Research
AbbreviationJ. Radiat. Res.
ISSN (print)0449-3060
ISSN (online)1349-9157
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiation

Other styles