How to format your references using the Journal of Radiation Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiation Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Capel B. Development. The minimalist Y. Science 2014;343:32–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Fox K, Caterson B. Neuroscience. Freeing the bain from the perineuronal net. Science 2002;298:1187–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Martin-Lluesma S, Stucke VM, Nigg EA. Role of Hec1 in spindle checkpoint signaling and kinetochore recruitment of Mad1/Mad2. Science 2002;297:2267–70.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Tavaré S, Marshall CR, Will O et al. Using the fossil record to estimate the age of the last common ancestor of extant primates. Nature 2002;416:726–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Higgs PG, Attwood TK. Bioinformatics and Molecular Evolution. Malden, MA USA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2004.
An edited book
1. Mróz Z, Stavroulakis GE eds. Parameter Identification of Materials and Structures. Vienna: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Francisco CA, Mermin J, Schweig J. A Survey of Stanley–Reisner Theory. In: Cooper SM, Sather-Wagstaff S (eds.). Connections Between Algebra, Combinatorics, and Geometry. New York, NY: Springer, 2014, 209–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiation Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Personality Of Female Spider Determines Her Role Within Colony. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Schools and Libraries Program: Update on State-Level Funding by Category of Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Li X. Graph-based learning for information systems. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. Too Shocking for Midtown in the 1920s. New York Times. April 19, 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiation Research
AbbreviationJ. Radiat. Res.
ISSN (print)0449-3060
ISSN (online)1349-9157
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles