How to format your references using the Journal of Radiation Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiation Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Walker J. Frederick Sanger (1918-2013). Nature 2014;505:27.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Brummelkamp TR, van Steensel B. GENE REGULATION. A HUSH for transgene expression. Science 2015;348:1433–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Behrens TEJ, Hunt LT, Rushworth MFS. The computation of social behavior. Science 2009;324:1160–4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Bale R, Shirgaonkar AA, Neveln ID et al. Separability of drag and thrust in undulatory animals and machines. Sci Rep 2014;4:7329.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Mcphee JE. Mastering Strategic Risk. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
1. Xu H, Wang X eds. Optimization and Control Methods in Industrial Engineering and Construction. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Löper D, Klettke M, Bruder I et al. Integrating Healthcare-Related Information Using the Entity-Attribute-Value Storage Model. In: He J, Liu X, Krupinski EA, et al. (eds.). Health Information Science: First International Conference, HIS 2012, Beijing, China, April 8-10, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, 13–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiation Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Can We Expand Solar Power Dramatically Without Damaging Protected Lands? IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. [Comments on FAA Employee’s Claim for Backpay]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chon JY. Coping as a mediator of the relation between teacher perceived stress and teacher-student relationships. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Remembering Sócrates, Who Made the Game Beautiful. New York Times. December 7, 2011:B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiation Research
AbbreviationJ. Radiat. Res.
ISSN (print)0449-3060
ISSN (online)1349-9157
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles