How to format your references using the Radiography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiography (RADI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. French lessons. Nature 2005;435(7043):849.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lipinski C., Hopkins A. Navigating chemical space for biology and medicine. Nature 2004;432(7019):855–61.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kürner J., Frangakis AS., Baumeister W. Cryo-electron tomography reveals the cytoskeletal structure of Spiroplasma melliferum. Science 2005;307(5708):436–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Brembs B., Lorenzetti FD., Reyes FD., Baxter DA., Byrne JH. Operant reward learning in Aplysia: neuronal correlates and mechanisms. Science 2002;296(5573):1706–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vignes A. Extractive Metallurgy 1, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Lont M. Wake-up Receiver Based Ultra-Low-Power WBAN, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Carey RM., Siragy HM. Angiotensin AT2 Receptors in Blood Pressure Regulation. In: Carey RM, editor. Hypertension and Hormone Mechanisms, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2007, p. 75–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiography.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Bumblebees Use Nicotine To Self-Medicate. IFLScience. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/bumblebees-use-nicotine-self-medicate/ [accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Intellectual Property: Patent Office Should Define Quality, Reassess Incentives, and Improve Clarity, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pulido BB. Homes as grounding counterspaces: Mexicana undocumented students utilizing mother-daughter pedagogies of resistance to succeed in higher education. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Corkery M. For Largest U.S. Banks, Stress Tests’ First Phase Poses Shrinking Hurdle. New York Times 2017:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiography
AbbreviationRadiography (Lond.)
ISSN (print)1078-8174
ISSN (online)1532-2831
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles