How to format your references using the Radiography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiography (RADI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berry M. Making waves in physics. Three wave singularities from the miraculous 1830s. Nature 2000;403(6765):21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Manoli DS., Baker BS. Median bundle neurons coordinate behaviours during Drosophila male courtship. Nature 2004;430(6999):564–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kildishev AV., Boltasseva A., Shalaev VM. Planar photonics with metasurfaces. Science 2013;339(6125):1232009.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kovac JM., Leitch EM., Pryke C., Carlstrom JE., Halverson NW., Holzapfel WL. Detection of polarization in the cosmic microwave background using DASI. Degree Angular Scale Interferometer. Nature 2002;420(6917):772–87.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joseph C. Advanced Credit Risk Analysis and Management, Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Butera G., Chessa M., Eicken A., Thomson J. Cardiac Catheterization for Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetal Life to Adulthood, Milano: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen J., Shanker VK. Automated Extraction of Tags from the Penn Treebank. In: Bunt H, Carroll J, and Satta G, editors. New Developments in Parsing Technology, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005, p. 73–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiography.

Blog post
Carpineti A. This Might Be The Slowest Pulsar We’ve Ever Found. IFLScience. Available from: [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Reading First: States Report Improvements in Reading Instruction, but Additional Procedures Would Clarify Education’s Role in Ensuring Proper Implementation by States, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Satam GC. The mechanical engineering approach for three dimensional modeling procedure and measurements of the heart anatomy. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarey C. French Open Refuses To Admit Sharapova. New York Times 2017:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiography
AbbreviationRadiography (Lond.)
ISSN (print)1078-8174
ISSN (online)1532-2831
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles