How to format your references using the Radiography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiography (RADI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kitano H. Systems biology: a brief overview. Science 2002;295(5560):1662–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Vasconcelos C., McKenzie JA. Geochemistry. The descent of minerals. Science 2009;323(5911):218–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sparrow B., Liu J., Wegner DM. Google effects on memory: cognitive consequences of having information at our fingertips. Science 2011;333(6043):776–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Rochman CM., Hoh E., Kurobe T., Teh SJ. Ingested plastic transfers hazardous chemicals to fish and induces hepatic stress. Sci Rep 2013;3:3263.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Meinert CL. Clinical Trials Handbook, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Nishino S., Sakurai T. The Orexin/Hypocretin System: Physiology and Pathophysiology, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Greenberg JA. International Legal Developments Protecting the Autonomy Rights of Sexual Minorities: Who Should Determine the Appropriate Treatment for an Intersex Infant? In: Sytsma SE, editor. Ethics and Intersex, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006, p. 87–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiography.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Three Baby Exoplanets Have Been Imaged Directly. IFLScience. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/three-baby-exoplanets-have-been-imaged-directly/ [accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Education Allowance Grants Made to Trust Territory Government Employees, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1969.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sanchez Y. Effectiveness of parent-child interaction therapy for Latino families: A secondary analysis of existing data. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Poniewozik J. ‘24’ Reboot Has a Dire Ring to It. New York Times 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiography
AbbreviationRadiography (Lond.)
ISSN (print)1078-8174
ISSN (online)1532-2831
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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