How to format your references using the International Journal of Advances in Engineering Sciences and Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Advances in Engineering Sciences and Applied Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowles, S.: Did warfare among ancestral hunter-gatherers affect the evolution of human social behaviors? Science. 324, 1293–1298 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Bauch, C.T., Galvani, A.P.: Epidemiology. Social factors in epidemiology. Science. 342, 47–49 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Lev, M., Yehezkel, O., Polat, U.: Uncovering foveal crowding? Sci. Rep. 4, 4067 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chai, J., Du, C., Wu, J.W., Kyin, S., Wang, X., Shi, Y.: Structural and biochemical basis of apoptotic activation by Smac/DIABLO. Nature. 406, 855–862 (2000)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silva Elipe, M.V.: LC-NMR and Other Hyphenated NMR Techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Bascia, N., Cumming, A., Datnow, A., Leithwood, K., Livingstone, D. eds: International Handbook of Educational Policy. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Koprić, I.: Independent Local Lists in Croatia: In Search for a Composite Theoretical Frame. In: Reiser, M. and Holtmann, E. (eds.) Farewell to the Party Model?: Independent Local Lists in East and West European Countries. pp. 39–61. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Advances in Engineering Sciences and Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
Hale, T.: This Massive Cyber Attack Shows Why You Should Change Your Default Passwords,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Biotechnology: Processing Delays Continue for Growing Backlog of Patent Applications. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1990)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alvarez, C.: Support groups for children of depressed parents: A grant proposal, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: A Choreographer Vanishes In Murky Russian Mystery, (2005)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Advances in Engineering Sciences and Applied Mathematics
AbbreviationInt. J. Adv. Eng. Sci. Appl. Math.
ISSN (print)0975-0770
ISSN (online)0975-5616

Other styles