How to format your references using the International Journal of Advances in Engineering Sciences and Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Advances in Engineering Sciences and Applied Mathematics (Int J Adv Eng Sci Appl Math). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenberg, R.S.: Science and the law. Patent swords and shields. Science. 299, 1018–1019 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Padian, K., Dial, K.P.: Origin of flight: Could “four-winged” dinosaurs fly? Nature. 438, E3; discussion E3-4 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Palter, J.B., Lozier, M.S., Barber, R.T.: The effect of advection on the nutrient reservoir in the North Atlantic subtropical gyre. Nature. 437, 687–692 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stark, H., Dube, P., Lührmann, R., Kastner, B.: Arrangement of RNA and proteins in the spliceosomal U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle. Nature. 409, 539–542 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hochberg, Z.: Evo-Devo of Child Growth. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Froitzheim, N., Schmid, S.M. eds: Orogenic Processes in the Alpine Collision Zone. Birkhäuser, Basel (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Guceac, I., Serotila, I.: The Opportunity of Recognition of the Right to Water as a Fundamental Human Right. In: Duca, G. (ed.) Management of Water Quality in Moldova. pp. 61–69. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Advances in Engineering Sciences and Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
Carpineti, C.: Check Out The Totally Incredible Moment A Whale Shark Swam Past Divers,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: The National Institute of Education Should Further Increase Minority and Female Participation in Its Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1980)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cisewski, J.: Generalized fiducial inference for mixed linear models, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J.: Putting words into action at climate summit, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Advances in Engineering Sciences and Applied Mathematics
AbbreviationInt. J. Adv. Eng. Sci. Appl. Math.
ISSN (print)0975-0770
ISSN (online)0975-5616

Other styles