How to format your references using the Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Clayton J. Chagas disease: pushing through the pipeline. Nature 2010;465:S12-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Malik S, Roeder RG. Biochemistry. Have your PIC! Science 2013;342:706–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Maisel SB, Höfler M, Müller S. A canonical stability-elasticity relationship verified for one million face-centred-cubic structures. Nature 2012;491:740–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Religa P, Cao R, Religa D, Xue Y, Bogdanovic N, Westaway D, et al. VEGF significantly restores impaired memory behavior in Alzheimer’s mice by improvement of vascular survival. Sci Rep 2013;3:2053.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Polushkin V. Nuclear Electronics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Garg A, editor. Dyslipidemias: Pathophysiology, Evaluation and Management. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Wu JX, Ro K, Yeh MW. Jan Wolff and Israel L. Chaikoff. In: Pasieka JL, Lee JA, editors. Surgical Endocrinopathies: Clinical Management and the Founding Figures, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 21–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. NASA Astronaut Jeff Williams Breaks Record For Most Time Spent In Space By An American. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasa-astronaut-jeff-williams-breaks-record-for-most-time-spent-in-space-by-an-american/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Protest of Air Force Contract Award. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Carlson DL. BOUND/(bang). Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Shear MD, Stolberg SG. Senator Goes From Trump Target to Cheerleader as Some in G.O.P. Bolt. New York Times 2017:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer
AbbreviationJ. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.
ISSN (print)0022-4073
ScopeSpectroscopy
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
Radiation

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